1.Friel, S, Dangour, AD, Garnett, T et al. (2009) Health and Climate Change 4. Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: food and agriculture. The Lancet 374 (9706), 2016–2025.
2.Stehfest, E, Bouwman, L, van Vuuren, D et al. (2009) Climate benefits of changing diet. Climatic Change 95, 83–102.
7.Norberg-Hodge, H, Merrifield, T & Gorelick, S (2002). Bringing the Food Economy Home: Local Alternatives to Global Agribusiness. London: Zed Books.
8.Morgan, K, Marsden, T & Murdoch, J (2006). Worlds of Food. Place, Power and Provenance in the Food Chain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
9.Edwards-Jones, G, Milà i Canals, L, Hounsome, N et al. (2008) Testing the assertion that ‘local food is best’: the challenges of an evidence based approach. Trends Food Sci Technol 19, 265–274.
11.Hinrichs, CC (2003) The practice and politics of food system localization. J Rural Stud 19, 33–45.
12.Institute of Grocery Distribution (2006) Retail and Foodservice Opportunities for Local Food, pp. 48. Watford, UK: IGD.
13.Feagan, R (2007) The place of food: mapping out the ‘local’ in local food systems. Prog Hum Geography 31, 23–42.
14.Freibauer, A (2003) Regionalised inventory of biogenic greenhouse gas emissions from European agriculture. Eur J Agron 19, 135–160.
15.Kasimir-Klemedtsson, A, Klemedtsson, L, Berglund, K et al. (1997) Greenhouse gas emissions from farmed organic soils: a review. Soil Use Manage 13, 245–250.
16.IPCC (2006) 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme [Eggleston, HS, Buendia, L, Miwa, K, Ngara, T and Tanabe, K]. Kanagawa, Japan: IGES.
17.Edwards-Jones, G, Plassmann, K & Harris, IM (2009) Carbon footprinting of lamb and beef production systems: insights from an empirical analysis of farms in Wales. J Agric Sci 147, 1–13.
18.Lilly, A, Bal, BC, McTaggart, IP et al. (2009) Spatial modelling of nitrous oxide emissions at the national scale using soil, climate and land use information. Global Change Biol 15, 2321–2332.
19.Koerber, GR, Edwards-Jones, G, Hill, PW et al. (2009) Geographical variation in carbon dioxide fluxes from soils in agro-ecosystems and its implications for life cycle assessment. J Appl Ecol 46, 306–314.
20.Bibby, J & Mackney, D (1969) Land Use Capability Classification. Soil Survey Technical Monograph No. 1. Harpenden, UK: Rothemsted Experimental Station.
21.Williams, CL, Liebman, M, Edwards, JW et al. (2008) Patterns of regional yield stability in association with regional environmental characteristics. Crop Sci 48, 1545–1559.
23.Anderson, WK & Smith, WR (1990) Increasing wheat yields in a high rainfall area of Western Australia. Aust J Exp Agric 30, 607–614.
24.de Snoo, GR (2006) Benchmarking the environmental performances of farms. Int J Life Cycle Assess 11, 22–25.
25.Kaiser, RM & Shaver, RD (2006) Benchmarking high producing herds. Adv Dairy Tech 18, 18179–18190.
26.Carbon Trust (2007). Carbon Footprint Measurement Methodology, Version 1.3. London: The Carbon Trust.
27.Brenton, P, Edwards-Jones, G, Jensen, MF et al. (2009) Carbon Footprints and Food Systems: Do Current Accounting Methodologies Disadvantage Developing Countries? Unpublished Report to the World Bank, June 2009.
28.Calm, JM (2008) The next generation of refrigerants – historical review, considerations, and outlook. Int J Refrigeration 31, 1123–1133.
29.Edwards-Jones, G, Plassmann, K, York, EH et al. (2009) Vulnerability of exporting nations to the development of a carbon label in the United Kingdom. Environ Sci Policy 12, 479–490.
30.Williams, AG, Pell, E, Webb, J et al. (2008) Final Report for DEFRA Project FO0103, Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Food Commodities Procured for UK Consumption through a Diversity of Supply Chains. http://randd.defra.gov.uk/ (accessed 8 December 2009).
31.Hospido, A, Milà i Canals, L, McLaren, SJ et al. (2009) The role of seasonality in lettuce consumption: a case study of environmental and social aspects. Int Rev Life Cycle Assess 14, 381–391.
32.Milà i Canals, L, Muñoz, I, Hospido, A et al. (2008) Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Domestic vs. Imported Vegetables. Case Studies on Broccoli, Salad Crops and Green Beans. CES Working Paper 01/08. ISSN: 1464-8083.
34.BSI (2008) PAS 2050:2008. Specification for the Assessment of the Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Goods and Services. London, UK: British Standards.
36.Stratmann, B, Teufel, J & Wiegmann, K (2008) Umweltauswirkungen von Ernährungsgewohnheiten. Freiburg, Germany: Öko-Institut e.V.
37.Subak, S (1999) Global environmental costs of beef production. Ecolog Econ 30, 79–91.
38Casey, JW & Holden, NM (2006). Quantification of GHG emissions from suckler-beef production in Ireland. Agric Syst 90, 79–98.
39.Plassmann, K & Edwards-Jones, G (2010) Carbon footprinting and carbon labelling of food products. In: Environmental Assessment and Management in the Food Industry, pp. 272–294. [Sonesson, U, Berlin, J and Ziegler, F, editors]. Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
40.Hounsome, N, Hounsome, B, Tomos, AD et al. (2008). Nutritional quality of vegetables: an overview of plant compounds and analytical technologies. J Food Sci 73, R48–R65.
41.Kumar, S, Imtiyaz, M & Kumar, A (2007) Effect of differential soil moisture and nutrient regimes on postharvest attributes of onion (Allium cepa L.). Sci Horticulturae 112, 121–129.
42.Goldman, IL, Kader, AA & Heintz, C (1999) Influence of production, handling, and storage on phytonutrient content of foods. Nutr Rev 57, S46–S52.
43.Boettcher, H (1992) Quality changes of onions (Allium cepa L.) during storage: Part 1. Nutritional quality. Nahrung 36, 346–356.
44.Marwaha, RS, Kumar, D, Singh, SV et al. (2009) Chipping and nutritional qualities of Indian and exotic potato processing varieties stored under different conditions. J Food Sci Technol 46, 354–358.
45.Tahir, I, Johansson, E & Olsson, ME (2009) Improvement of apple quality and storability by a combination of heat treatment and controlled atmosphere storage. HortScience 44, 1648–1654.
46.Hounsome, N, Hounsome, B, Tomos, D et al. (2009) Changes in antioxidant compounds in white cabbage during winter storage. Postharvest Biol Technol 52, 173–179.
47.Tosun, BN & Yucecan, S (2008) Influence of commercial freezing and storage on vitamin C content of some vegetables. Int J Food Sci Technol 43, 316–321.
48.Lin, S & Brewer, MS (2005) Effects of blanching method on the quality characteristics of frozen peas. J Food Qual 28, 350–360.
49.Rungapamestry, V, Duncan, AJ, Fuller, Z et al. (2007) Influence of blanching and freezing broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) prior to storage and cooking on glucosinolate concentrations and myrosinase activity. Eur Food Res Technol 227, 37–44.
50.Goncalves, EM, Cruz, RMS, Abreu, M et al. (2009) Biochemical and colour changes of watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.) during freezing and frozen storage. J Food Eng 93, 32–39.
51.Rickman, JC, Barrett, DM & Bruhn, CM (2007) Nutritional comparison of fresh, frozen and canned fruits and vegetables. Part 1. Vitamins C and B and phenolic compounds. J Sci Food Agric 87, 930–944.
52.Sablani, SS (2006) Drying of fruits and vegetables: retention of nutritional/functional quality. Drying Technol 24, 123–135.
53.Tosun, BN & Yucecan, S (2008) Influence of commercial freezing and storage on vitamin C content of some vegetables. Int J Food Sci Technol 43, 316–321.
55.Plassmann, K & Edwards-Jones, G (2009) Where Does the Carbon Footprint Fall? Developing a Carbon Map of Food Production. London: IIED.
56.Brenton, P, Edwards-Jones, G & Jensen, MF (2009) Carbon labelling and low income country exports: a review of the development issues. Dev Policy Rev 27, 243–265.
57.Cross, P, Edwards, RT, Opondo, M et al. (2009) The health impacts to farm workers of buying local food. Environ Intl 35, 1004–1014.
58.RCEP (2002). The Environmental Effects of Civil Aircraft in Flight – Special Report. UK: Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution.
59.Spielmann, M, Kägi, T & Tietje, O (2004). Life cycle inventories of transport services. Final Report Ecoinvent 2000, No. 14. Duebendorf, Switzerland: Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories, for Ecoinvent Members Only.
60.Milà i Canals, L, Cowell, SJ, Sim, S et al. (2007). Comparing local versus imported apples: a focus on energy use. Environ Sci Pollut Res 14, 276–282.