This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
JJB Anderson (2002) Oversupplementation of vitamin A and osteoporotic fractures in the elderly: To supplement or not to supplement with vitamin A. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 17, 1359–1362.
C Ballew , D Galuska & C Gillespie (2001) High serum retinyl esters are not associated with reduced bone mineral density in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 16, 2306–2312.
I Clarke & AL Bassett (1962) The amelioration of hypervitaminosis D in rats with vitamin A. Journal of Experimental Medicine 115, 147–155.
MD Denke (2002) Dietary retinol – a double-edged sword. Journal of the American Medical Association 287, 102–104.
D Feskanich , V Singh , WC Willett & GA Colditz (2002) Vitamin A intake and hip fractures among postmenopausal women. Journal of the American Medical Association 287, 47–54.
B Frame , CE Jackson , WA Reynolds & JE Umphrey (1974) Hypercalcemia and skeletal effects in chronic hypervitaminosis A. Annals of Internal Medicine 80, 44–48.
AB Goodman (1995) Chromosomal locations and modes of action of genes of the retinoid (vitamin A) system support their involvement in the etiology of schizophrenia. American Journal of Medical Genetics 60, 335–348.
S Hough , LV Avioli , H Muir , D Gelderblom , G Jenkins , H Kurasi , E Slatopolsky , MA Bergfeld & SL Teitelbaum (1988) Effects of hypervitaminosis A on the bone and mineral metabolism of the rat. Endocrinology 122, 2933–2966.
S Johansson & H Melhus (2001) Vitamin A antagonizes calcium response to vitamin D in man. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 16, 1899–1905.
H Melhus , K Michaelsson , A Kindmark , R Bergstrom , L Holmberg , H Mallmin , A Wolk & S Ljunghall (1998) Excessive dietary intake of vitamin A is associated with reduced bone mineral density and increased risk of hip fracture. Annals of Internal Medicine 129, 770–778.
MD Michaelsson , H Lithell , B Vessby & H Melhus (2003) Serum retinol levels and risk of fracture. New England Journal of Medicine 348, 287–294.
JHE Promislow , D Goodman-Gruen , DJ Slymen & E Barrett-Connor (2002) Retinol intake and bone mineral density in the elderly: the Rancho Bernardo Study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 17, 1349–1358.
FR Smith & DS Goodman (1976) Vitamin A transport in human vitamin A toxicity. New England Journal of Medicine 294, 805–808.
MF Sowers & RB Wallace (1990) Retinol, supplemental vitamin A and bone status. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 43, 693–699.
W Willett (1998) Nutritional Epidemiology, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.