1.Lobo DN, Dube MG, Neal KR et al. (2001) Problems with solutions: drowning in the brine of an inadequate knowledge base. Clin Nutr 20, 125–130.
2.Lobo DN, Dube MG, Neal KR et al. (2002) Peri-operative fluid and electrolyte management: a survey of consultant surgeons in the UK. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 84, 156–160.
3.Callum KG, Gray AJG, Hoile RW et al. (1999) Extremes of Age: The 1999 Report of the National Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Deaths. London: National Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Deaths.
4.Shafiee MA, Bohn D, Hoorn EJ et al. (2003) How to select optimal maintenance intravenous fluid therapy. QJM 96, 601–610.
5.Stoneham MD & Hill EL (1997) Variability in post-operative fluid and electrolyte prescription. Br J Clin Pract 51, 82–84.
6.Walsh SR & Walsh CJ (2005) Intravenous fluid-associated morbidity in post-operative patients. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 87, 126–130.
7.Lobo DN, Stanga Z, Simpson JAD et al. (2001) Dilution and redistribution effects of rapid 2-litre infusions of 0·9% (w/v) saline and 5% (w/v) dextrose on haematological parameters and serum biochemistry in normal subjects: a double-blind crossover study. Clin Sci (Lond) 101, 173–179.
8.Lobo DN (2004) Sir David Cuthbertson medal lecture. Fluid, electrolytes and nutrition: physiological and clinical aspects. Proc Nutr Soc 63, 453–466.
9.Lobo DN, Stanga Z, Aloysius MM et al. (2010) Effect of volume loading with 1 liter intravenous infusions of 0·9% saline, 4% succinylated gelatine (Gelofusine) and 6% hydroxyethyl starch (Voluven) on blood volume and endocrine responses: a randomized, three-way crossover study in healthy volunteers. Crit Care Med 38, 464–470.
10.Reid F, Lobo DN, Williams RN et al. (2003) (Ab)normal saline and physiological Hartmann's solution: a randomized double-blind crossover study. Clin Sci (Lond) 104, 17–24.
11.Williams EL, Hildebrand KL, McCormick SA et al. (1999) The effect of intravenous lactated Ringer's solution versus 0·9% sodium chloride solution on serum osmolality in human volunteers. Anesth Analg 88, 999–1003.
12.Veech RL (1986) The toxic impact of parenteral solutions on the metabolism of cells: a hypothesis for physiological parenteral therapy. Am J Clin Nutr 44, 519–551.
13.Wilcox CS (1983) Regulation of renal blood flow by plasma chloride. J Clin Invest 71, 726–735.
14.Awad S, Allison SP & Lobo DN (2008) The history of 0·9% saline. Clin Nutr 27, 179–188.
15.Rahbari NN, Zimmermann JB, Schmidt T et al. (2009) Meta-analysis of standard, restrictive and supplemental fluid administration in colorectal surgery. Br J Surg 96, 331–341.
16.Moore FD & Shires G (1967) Moderation. Ann Surg 166, 300–301.
17.Lobo DN, Macafee DA & Allison SP (2006) How peri-operative fluid balance influences post-operative outcomes. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 20, 439–455.
18.Lobo DN (2009) Fluid overload and surgical outcome: another piece in the jigsaw. Ann Surg 249, 186–188.
19.Bellamy MC (2006) Wet, dry or something else? Br J Anaesth 97, 755–757.
21.Lentner C (editor) ( 1981) Geigy Scientific Tables. Vol. 1. Units of Measurement, Body Fluids, Composition of the Body, Nutrition. 8th ed. Basle: Ciba-Geigy Ltd.
22.Moore FD (1959) Metabolic Care of the Surgical Patient. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders.
23.Turner DAB (1996) Fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance. In Textbook of Anaesthesia, pp. 361–375 [Aitkenhead AR and Smith G]. New York: Churchill Livingstone.
24.Rose BD & Post TW (2001) Clinical Physiology of Acid-base and Electrolyte Disorders. New York: McGraw-Hill.
25.Lobo DN & Allison SP (2005) Fluid, electrolyte and nutrient replacement. In The New Aird's Companion in Surgical Studies, pp. 20–41 [Burnand KG, Young AE, Lucas J et al. editors]. London: Churchill Livingstone.
26.Jequier E & Constant F (2010) Water as an essential nutrient: the physiological basis of hydration. Eur J Clin Nutr 64, 115–123.
27.Lobo DN, Bostock KA, Neal KR et al. (2002) Effect of salt and water balance on recovery of gastrointestinal function after elective colonic resection: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 359, 1812–1818.
28.Brandstrup B, Tonnesen H, Beier-Holgersen R et al. (2003) Effects of intravenous fluid restriction on post-operative complications: comparison of two peri-operative fluid regimens: a randomized assessor-blinded multicenter trial. Ann Surg 238, 641–648.
29.Vermeulen H, Hofland J, Legemate DA et al. (2009) Intravenous fluid restriction after major abdominal surgery: a randomized blinded clinical trial. Trials 10, 50.
30.Holte K, Foss NB, Andersen J et al. (2007) Liberal or restrictive fluid administration in fast-track colonic surgery: a randomized, double-blind study. Br J Anaesth 99, 500–508.
31.Jadad AR, Moore RA, Carroll D et al. (1996) Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: is blinding necessary? Control Clin Trials 17, 1–12.
33.Gonzalez-Fajardo JA, Mengibar L, Brizuela JA et al. (2009) Effect of post-operative restrictive fluid therapy in the recovery of patients with abdominal vascular surgery. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 37, 538–543.
34.Kabon B, Akca O, Taguchi A et al. (2005) Supplemental intravenous crystalloid administration does not reduce the risk of surgical wound infection. Anesth Analg 101, 1546–1553.
35.MacKay G, Fearon K, McConnachie A et al. (2006) Randomized clinical trial of the effect of post-operative intravenous fluid restriction on recovery after elective colorectal surgery. Br J Surg 93, 1469–1474.
36.McArdle GT, McAuley DF, McKinley A et al. (2009) Preliminary results of a prospective randomized trial of restrictive versus standard fluid regime in elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Ann Surg 250, 28–34.
37.Nisanevich V, Felsenstein I, Almogy G et al. (2005) Effect of intraoperative fluid management on outcome after intra-abdominal surgery. Anesthesiology 103, 25–32.
38.Walsh SR, Tang TY, Farooq N et al. (2008) Perioperative fluid restriction reduces complications after major gastrointestinal surgery. Surgery 143, 466–468.
39.Abbas SM & Hill AG (2008) Systematic review of the literature for the use of oesophageal Doppler monitor for fluid replacement in major abdominal surgery. Anaesthesia 63, 44–51.
40.Drummer C, Gerzer R, Heer M et al. (1992) Effects of an acute saline infusion on fluid and electrolyte metabolism in humans. Am J Physiol 262, F744–F754.
41.Hansen PB, Jensen BL & Skott O (1998) Chloride regulates afferent arteriolar contraction in response to depolarization. Hypertension 32, 1066–1070.
42.Mayberry JC, Welker KJ, Goldman RK et al. (2003) Mechanism of acute ascites formation after trauma resuscitation. Arch Surg 138, 773–776.
43.Balogh Z, McKinley BA, Cocanour CS et al. (2003) Supranormal trauma resuscitation causes more cases of abdominal compartment syndrome. Arch Surg 138, 637–642; discussion 642–633.
44.Wilkes NJ, Woolf R, Mutch M et al. (2001) The effects of balanced versus saline-based hetastarch and crystalloid solutions on acid-base and electrolyte status and gastric mucosal perfusion in elderly surgical patients. Anesth Analg 93, 811–816.
45.Shandall A, Lowndes R & Young HL (1985) Colonic anastomotic healing and oxygen tension. Br J Surg 72, 606–609.
46.Sheridan WG, Lowndes RH & Young HL (1987) Tissue oxygen tension as a predictor of colonic anastomotic healing. Dis Colon Rectum 30, 867–871.
47.Cotton BA, Guy JS & Morris JA Jr ( 2006) The cellular, metabolic, and systemic consequences of aggressive fluid resuscitation strategies. Shock 26, 115–121.
48.Marjanovic G, Villain C, Juettner E et al. (2009) Impact of different crystalloid volume regimes on intestinal anastomotic stability. Ann Surg 249, 181–185.
49.Plank LD, Connolly AB & Hill GL (1998) Sequential changes in the metabolic response in severely septic patients during the first 23 days after the onset of peritonitis (see comments). Ann Surg 228, 146–158.
50.Lobo DN, Bjarnason K, Field J et al. (1999) Changes in weight, fluid balance and serum albumin in patients referred for nutritional support. Clin Nutr 18, 197–201.