Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 8
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Givens, D. Ian 2015. Manipulation of lipids in animal-derived foods: Can it contribute to public health nutrition?. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, Vol. 117, Issue. 9, p. 1306.


    Markey, Oonagh Hobbs, Ditte A and Givens, David I 2015. Public health implications of milk fats: the current evidence base and future directions. Clinical Lipidology, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 5.


    Lamichhane, A P Liese, A D Urbina, E M Crandell, J L Jaacks, L M Dabelea, D Black, M H Merchant, A T and Mayer-Davis, E J 2014. Associations of dietary intake patterns identified using reduced rank regression with markers of arterial stiffness among youth with type 1 diabetes. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 68, Issue. 12, p. 1327.


    Markey, O. Vasilopoulou, D. Givens, D. I. and Lovegrove, J. A. 2014. Dairy and cardiovascular health: Friend or foe?. Nutrition Bulletin, Vol. 39, Issue. 2, p. 161.


    Vyncke, Krishna Huybrechts, Inge Van Winckel, Myriam Cuenca Garcia, Magdalena Labayen, Idoia Gottrand, Frederic Widhalm, Kurt Leclercq, Catherine Libuda, Lars Manios, Yannis Sjostrom, Michael Molnar, Denes Moreno, Luis A. Gonzalez-Gross, Marcela Spinneker, André Perez de Heredia, Fatima Plada, Maria and De Henauw, Stefaan 2014. Dietary Lipid Intake only Partially Influences Variance in Serum Phospholipid Fatty Acid Composition in Adolescents: Impact of Other Dietary Factors. Lipids, Vol. 49, Issue. 9, p. 881.


    Weaver, Connie M. 2014. Calcium Supplementation: Is Protecting Against Osteoporosis Counter to Protecting against Cardiovascular Disease?. Current Osteoporosis Reports, Vol. 12, Issue. 2, p. 211.


    Fekete, Ágnes A. Givens, D. Ian and Lovegrove, Julie A. 2013. The impact of milk proteins and peptides on blood pressure and vascular function: a review of evidence from human intervention studies. Nutrition Research Reviews, Vol. 26, Issue. 02, p. 177.


    Vyncke, Krishna E. Huybrechts, Inge Dallongeville, Jean Mouratidou, Theodora Van Winckel, Myriam A. Cuenca-García, Magdalena Ottevaere, Charlene González-Gross, Marcela Moreno, Luis A. Kafatos, Anthony G. Leclercq, Catherine Sjöström, Michael Molnár, Denes Stehle, Peter Breidenassel, Christina Marcos, Ascension Manios, Yannis Widhalm, Kurt Gilbert, Chantal C. Gottrand, Frédéric and De Henauw, Stefaan 2013. Intake and serum profile of fatty acids are weakly correlated with global dietary quality in European adolescents. Nutrition, Vol. 29, Issue. 2, p. 411.


    ×

Milk in the diet: good or bad for vascular disease?

  • D. I. Givens (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665111003223
  • Published online: 17 October 2011
Abstract

CVD still represent the greatest cause of death and disease burden in Europe and there remains uncertainty whether or not diets rich in milk and/or dairy products affect CVD risk. This paper reviews current evidence on this from prospective studies and the role of serum lipids and blood pressure as markers of CVD risk with such diets. Also the potential of animal nutrition-based approaches aimed at reducing CVD risk from consumption of milk and dairy products is outlined. Briefly, the evidence from prospective studies indicates that increased consumption of milk does not result in increased CVD risk and may give some long-term benefits, although few studies relate specifically to cheese and butter and more information on the relationship between milk/dairy product consumption and dementia is needed. Recent data suggest that the SFA in dairy products may be less of a risk factor than previously thought; although this is based on serum cholesterol responses which taken in isolation may be misleading. Milk and some dairy products have counterbalancing effects by reducing blood pressure and possibly BMI control. Despite this, animal nutrition strategies to replace some SFA in milk with cis-MUFA or cis-PUFA are extensive and intuitively beneficial, although this remains largely unproven, especially for milk. There is an urgent need for robust intervention studies to evaluate such milk-fat modifications using holistic markers of CVD risk including central arterial stiffness.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Milk in the diet: good or bad for vascular disease?
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Milk in the diet: good or bad for vascular disease?
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Milk in the diet: good or bad for vascular disease?
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author: Professor Ian Givens, fax +44 118 378 6595, email d.i.givens@reading.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

3.PC Elwood , DI Givens , AD Beswick (2008) The survival advantage of milk and dairy consumption: An overview of evidence from cohort studies of vascular diseases, diabetes and cancer. J Am Coll Nutr 27, 723S734S.

4.PC Elwood , JE Pickering , DI Givens (2010) The consumption of milk and dairy foods and the incidence of vascular disease and diabetes: An overview of the evidence. Lipids 45, 925939.

7.SS Soedamah-Muthu , EL Ding , WK Al-Delaimy (2011) Milk and dairy consumption and incidence of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality: dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Am J Clin Nutr 93, 158171.

10.C Jagger , R Matthews , J Lindesay (2009) The effect of dementia trends and treatments on longevity and disability: a simulation model based on the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (MRC CFAS). Age and Ageing 38, 319325.

11.M Yamada , F Kasagi , H Sasaki (2003) Association between dementia and midlife risk factors: the radiation effects research foundation Adult Health Study. J Am Geriatr Soc 51, 410414.

12.DI Givens & KE Kliem (2011) Chronic disease risk associated with different dietary saturated fatty acids. In Reducing Saturated Fats in Foods, pp. 98–111 [G Talbot ]. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.

13.RD Abbott , JD Curb , BL Rodriguez (1996) Effect of dietary calcium and milk consumption on risk of thromboembolic stroke in older middle-aged men: The Honolulu Heart Program. Stroke 27, 813818.

17.SD Poppitt , GF Keogh , TB Mulvey (2002) Lipid-lowering effects of a modified butter-fat: a controlled intervention trial in healthy men. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 6471.

21.LJ Appel , MPH Thomas , J Moore (1997) A clinical trial of the effects of dietary patterns on blood pressure. N Engl J Med 336, 11171124.

24.MF Engberink , MA Hendriksen , EG Schouten (2009) Inverse association between dairy intake and hypertension: the Rotterdam Study. Am J Clin Nutr 89, 18771883.

25.JB Ruidavets , V Bongard , C Simon (2006) Independent contribution of dairy products and calcium intake to blood pressure variations at a population level. J Hypertens 24, 671681.

26.DA Clare & HE Swainsgood (2000) Bioactive milk peptides: a prospectus. J Dairy Sci 83, 11871195.

27.DJ Baer , KS Stote , DR Paul (2011) Whey protein but not soy protein supplementation alters body weight and composition in free-living overweight and obese adults. J Nutr 141, 14891494.

29.S Pal & V Ellis (2010) The chronic effects of whey proteins on blood pressure, vascular function, and inflammatory markers in overweight individuals. Obesity 18, 13541359.

30.KFAM Hulshof , MA van Erp-Baart , M Anttolainen (1999) Intake of fatty acids in Western Europe with emphasis on trans fatty acids: The TRANSFAIR study. Eur J Clin Nutr 53, 143157.

32.DI Givens & KJ Shingfield (2006) Optimising dairy milk fatty acid composition. In Improving the Fat Content of Foods, pp. 252280 [CM Williams and J Buttriss ]. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.

39.L Wang , JE Manson , JE Buring (2008) Dietary intake of dairy products, calcium, and vitamin D and the risk of hypertension in middle-aged and older women. Hypertens 51, 10731079.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • ISSN: 0029-6651
  • EISSN: 1475-2719
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-nutrition-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: