This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
TR Arnett & DW Dempster (1986) Effect of pH on bone resorption by rat osteoclasts in vitro. Endocrinology 119, 119–124.
TR Arnett & DW Dempster (1987) A comparative study of disaggregated chick and rat osteoclasts in vitro: effects of calcitonin and prostaglandins. Endocrinology 120, 602–608.
TR Arnett & DW Dempster (1990) Perspectives: protons and osteoclasts. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 5, 1099–1103.
TR Arnett & M Spowage (1996) Modulation of the resorptive activity of rat osteoclasts by small changes in extracellular pH near the physiological range. Bone 18, 277–279.
LV Avioli (1978) Renal osteodystrophy. In Metabolic Bone Disease, vol. II 149–215 [ LV Avioli and SM Krane , editor]. New York: Academic Press.
MG Barrett , GS Belinsky , AH Jr Tashjian (1997) A new action of parathyroid hormone: receptor-mediated stimulation of extracellular acidification in human osteoblast-like SaOS-2 cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272, 26346–26353.
US Barzel (1995) The skeleton as an ion-exchange system–implications for the role of acid-base imbalance in the genesis of osteoporosis. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 10, 1431–1436.
G Belinsky , AH Jr Tashjian (2000) Direct measurement of hormone-induced acidification in intact bone. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 15, 550–556.
DM Biskobing & D Fan (2000) Acid pH increases carbonic anhydrase II and calcitonin receptor mRNA expression in mature osteoclasts. Calcified Tissue International 67, 178–183.
T Buclin , M Cosma , M Appenzeller , AF Jacquet , LA Decosterd , J Biollaz & P Burckhardt (2001) Diet acids and alkalis influence calcium retention in bone. Osteoporosis International 12, 493–499.
YL Chan , E Savdie , RS Mason & S Posen (1985) The effect of metabolic acidosis on vitamin D metabolites and bone histology in uremic rats. Calcified Tissue International 37, 158–164.
J Cunningham , LJ Fraher , TL Clemens , PA Revell & SE Papapoulos (1982) Chronic acidosis with metabolic bone disease. Effect of alkali on bone morphology and vitamin D metabolism. American Journal of Medicine 73, 199–204.
B Dawson-Hughes , GE Dallal , EA Krall , L Sadowski , N Sahyoun & S Tannenbaum (1990) A controlled trial of the effect of calcium supplementation on bone density in postmenopausal women. New England Journal of Medicine 323, 878–883.
J Green & CR Kleeman (1991) Role of bone in regulation of systemic acid-base balance. Kidney International 39, 9–26.
A Hoebertz , S Meghji , G Burnstock & TR Arnett (2001) Extracellular ADP is a powerful osteolytic agent: evidence for signaling through the P2Y 1 receptor on bone cells. FASEB Journal 15, 1139–1148.
HL Jaffe , A Bodansky & JP Chandler (1932) Ammonium chloride decalcification as modified by calcium intake: the relationship between generalized osteoporosis and ostitis fibrosa. Journal of Experimental Medicine 56, 823–834.
JA Kraut , DR Mishler & K Kurokawa (1984) Effect of colchicine and calcitonin on calcemic response to metabolic acidosis. Kidney International 25, 608–612.
DL Lacey , E Timms , HL Tan , MJ Kelley , CR Dunstan , T Burgess , R Elliott , A Colombero , G Elliott , S Scully , H Hsu , J Sullivan , N Hawkins , E Davy , C Capparelli , A Eli , YX Qian , S Kaufman , I Sarosi , V Shalhoub , G Senaldi , J Guo , J Delaney & WJ Boyle (1998) Osteoprotegerin ligand is a cytokine that regulates osteoclast differentiation and activation. Cell 93, 165–176.
J Lemann , Litzow Jr , Lennon EJ JR (1966) The effects of chronic acid loads in normal man: further evidence for the participation of bone mineral in the defense against chronic metabolic acidosis. Journal of Clinical Investigation 45, 1608–1614.
M Morrison , L Turin , BF King , G Burnstock & TR Arnett (1998) ATP is a potent stimulator of the activation and formation of rodent osteoclasts. Journal of Physiology 511, 495–500.
RJ Murrills , LS Stein & DW Dempster (1993) Stimulation of bone resorption and osteoclast clear zone formation by low pH: a time-course study. Journal of Cellular Physiology 154, 511–518.
T Nordström , LD Shrode , OD Rotstein , R Romanek , T Goto , JN Heersche , MF Manolson , GF Brisseau & S Grinstein (1997) Chronic extracellular acidosis induces plasmalemmal vacuolar type H + ATPase activity in osteoclasts. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272, 6354–6360.
BJ Orr-Walker , AM Home , MC Evans , AB Grey , MAF Murray , AR McNeil & IR Reid (1999) Hormone replacement therapy causes a respiratory alkalosis in normal postmenopausal women. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 84, 1997–2001.
L Rabadjija , EM Brown , SL Swartz , CJ Chen & P Goldhaber (1990) H + -stimulated release of prostaglandin E 2 and cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphoric acid and their relationship to bone resorption in neonatal mouse calvaria cultures. Bone and Mineral 11, 295–304.
IR Reid , RW Ames , MC Evans , GD Gamble & SJ Sharpe (1995) Long-term effects of calcium supplementation on bone loss and fractures in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Medicine 98, 331–335.
AS Relman (1968) The acidosis of renal disease. American Journal of Medicine 44, 706–713.
F Scopacasa , AG Need , M Horowitz , JM Wishart , HA Morris & BE Nordin (2000) Inhibition of bone resorption by divided-dose calcium supplementation in early postmenopausal women. Calcified Tissue International 67, 440–442.
A Sebastian , ST Harris , JH Ottaway , KM Todd , RC Jr Morris (1994) Improved mineral balance and skeletal metabolism in postmenopausal women treated with potassium bicarbonate. New England Journal of Medicine 330, 1776–1781.
B Straub , M Muller , M Schrader , R Heicappell & K Miller (2001) Osteoporosis and mild metabolic acidosis in the rat after orchiectomy and their prevention: should prophylactic therapy be administered to patients with androgen deprivation?. Journal of Urology 165, 1783–1789.
G Trilok & HH Draper (1989a) Sources of protein-induced endogenous acid production and excretion by human adults. Calcified Tissue International 44, 335–338.
G Trilok & HH Draper (1989b) Effect of a high protein intake on acid-base balance in adult rats. Calcified Tissue International 44, 339–342.
R Waldmann , G Champigny , E Lingueglia , Weille De , Heurteaux JR , Lazdunski M C (1999) H + -gated cation channels. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 868, 67–76.
AJ Yates , RO Oreffo , K Mayor & GR Mundy (1991) Inhibition of bone resorption by inorganic phosphate is mediated by both reduced osteoclast formation and decreased activity of mature osteoclasts. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 6, 473–478.