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Regulation of cell signalling by vitamin E

  • Gerald Rimbach (a1), Anne Marie Minihane (a1), Jonathan Majewicz (a1), Alexandra Fischer (a2), Josef Pallauf (a2), Fabio Virgli (a3) and Peter D. Weinberg (a4)...
Abstract

Résumé

La vitamine E, l'antioxydant liposoluble le plus important, fut découverte à l'Université de Californie à Berkeley en 1922. Depuis sa découverte, les études sur les tocophérols et les tocotrienols que constitue cette vitamine, ont été centrées pour la plupart sur leurs propriétés antioxydantes. En 1991, le groupe de Angelo Azzi (Boscoboinik et al. 1991a,b) fut le premier à décrire les fonctions autres que les antioxydantes et de transmission de signaux de l'α-tocophérol, en démontrant la régulation par la vitamine E de l'activité de la protéine kinase C dans les cellules de muscle lisse. Au niveau de la transcription, l'²-tocophérol module l'expression de la protéine de transfert hépatique de l'α-tocophérol, ainsi que l'expression du ge`ne alpha1 du collage`ne du foie, du ge`ne de la collagénase et du ge`ne de l'α-tropomyosine. Récemment, un facteur de transcription dépendant du tocophérol (la protéine associée au tocophérol) a été découvert. Il a été démontré sur des cellules cultivées que la vitamine E inhibe l'inflammation, l'adhésion cellulaire, l'agrégation des plaquettes et la prolifération des cellules de muscle lisse. Les avancées récentes de la biologie moléculaire et des techniques génomiques ont conduit à la découverte de nouveaux ge`nes et des mécanismes de transduction des signaux sensibles à la vitamine E.

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*Corresponding author: Dr Gerald Rimbach, fax + 44 118 931 0080, email g.h.rimbach@reading.ac.uk
References
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