Hostname: page-component-77c89778f8-rkxrd Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-17T12:10:54.908Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Handaxe Groups*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 May 2014

Derek A. Roe
Affiliation:
Department of Ethnology and Prehistory, University of Oxford

Extract

In the Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society for 1964, the writer presented (Roe, 1964) an interim report on his programme of research on the British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic material, describing methods of studying assemblages of handaxes by metrical and statistical analysis, and outlining the first results obtained. The present paper offers a summary of the final results obtained for certain aspects of the same research project, in particular the discerning of various groupings among the 38 handaxe assemblages considered. The Groups which emerge are clusters of sites whose industries are similar in terms of the morphological range and usual degree of refinement of their handaxes.

The Thesis for which the research was undertaken was completed in March, 1967 (Roe, 1967), and is available for consultation. It is of course quite impossible to quote in the present paper more than a small part of the evidence upon which the final conclusions depend.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Prehistoric Society 1969

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Arkell, W. J., 1943. ‘Pàlaeoliths from the Wallingford Fan Gravels’, Oxoniensia, 8, 118.Google Scholar
Boswell, P. G. H. and Moir, J. R., 1923. ‘The Pleistocene Deposits and their contained Palaeolithic Flint Implements at Foxhall Road, Ipswich’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 53 (New Series 26), 229–62.Google Scholar
Bury, H., 1923. ‘Some Aspects of the Hampshire Plateau Gravels’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, 4, 1541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Calkin, J. B. and Green, J. F. N., 1949. ‘Palaeoliths and Terraces near Bournemouth’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 15, 2137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clark, J. G. D., 1938. ‘Early Man’, Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely (The Victoria History of the Counties of England), vol. 1, 247303.Google Scholar
Cunnington, W. and Cunnington, W. A., 1903. ‘The Palaeolithic Implements and Gravels of Knowle, Wilts’, The Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, 33 (no. C), 131–8.Google Scholar
Dixon, S. B., 1903. ‘On the Palaeolithic Flint Implements from Knowle, Savernake Forest’, The Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, 33 (no. C), 139–44.Google Scholar
SirEvans, John, 1897. The Ancient Stone Implements, Weapons and Ornaments, of Great Britain (Second Edition, Revised), Longmans, Green & Co., London.Google Scholar
Green, J. F. N., 1947. ‘Some Gravels and Gravel Pits in Hampshire and Dorset’, Proceedings of the Geologists Association, 58, 128–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
SirHarrison, Edward, 1933. Harrison of Ightham, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Hawkes, C. F. C., 1943. (also quoting Paterson, T. T.). ‘Two Palaeoliths from Broom, Dorset’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 9, 4852.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hooley, R. W., 1922. ‘The History of the Drainage of the Hampshire Basin, and the Relation of Prehistoric Man to that History’, Papers and Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, 9, 151–72.Google Scholar
Kendall, Rev. H. G. O., 1906. ‘Investigations at Knowle Farm Pit’, The Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, 34 (no. CV), 299307.Google Scholar
Lacaille, A. D., 1940. ‘The Palaeoliths from the Gravels of the Lower Boyn Hill Terrace around Maidenhead’, The Antiquaries Journal, 20, 245–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lacaille, A. D., 1960. ‘On Palaeolithic Choppers and Cleavers (Notes suggested by some Buckinghamshire examples)’, Records of Bucks., 16 (part 5), 330–41.Google Scholar
MissLayard, N. F., 1903. ‘A Recent Discovery of Palaeolithic Implements in Ipswich’, The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 33 (New Series 6), 41–3.Google Scholar
MissLayard, N. F., 1904. ‘Further Excavations on a Palaeolithic Site in Ipswich’, The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 34 (New Series 7), 306–10.Google Scholar
MissLayard, N. F., 1906. ‘A Winter's Work on the Ipswich Palaeolithic Site’, The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 36 (New Series 9), 233–6.Google Scholar
Marr, J. E., 1926. ‘The Pleistocene Deposits of the Lower Parts of the Great Ouse Basin’, Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 82, 101–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marr, J. E., Moir, J. R. and Smith, R. A., 1921. ‘Excavations at High Lodge, Mildenhall, in 1920 A.D.’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, 3, 353–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marston, A. T., 1942. ‘Flint Industries of the High Terrace at Swanscombe’, Proceedings of the Geologists Association, 53, 106.Google Scholar
Moir, J. R., 1936. ‘Ancient Man in Devon’ (Part I), Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Exploration Society, 2, 264–75.Google Scholar
Oakley, K. P., 1939. A Survey of the Prehistory of the Farnham District (Surrey): Part I, Geology and Palaeolithic Studies, by K. P. Oakley (pp. 3–58). Surrey Archaeological Collections (special volume), published by the Surrey Archaeological Society.Google Scholar
Oakley, K. P., 1947. ‘Early Man in Hertfordshire’, Transactions of the Herts. Natural History Society, 22, part 5, 247–56.Google Scholar
Ovey, C. D. (Editor), 1964. The Swanscombe Skull, A Survey of Research on a Pleistocene Site, edited by Ovey, Cameron D., published by the Royal Anthropological Institute as Occasional Paper no. 20.Google Scholar
Paterson, T. T. and Fagg, B. E. B., 1940. ‘Studies in the Palaeolithic Succession in England, no. II: The Upper Brecklandian Acheul (Elveden)’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 6, 129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Payne, G., 1915. ‘Researches and Discoveries in Kent, 1912–1915’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 31, 275–86.Google Scholar
Poole, H. F., 1925. ‘Palaeoliths from Great Pan Farm, Isle of Wight’, Papers and Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, 9, 305–19.Google Scholar
Posnansky, M., 1963. ‘The Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Industries of the English East Midlands’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 29, 357–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roe, D. A., 1964. ‘The British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic: Some Problems, Methods of Study and Preliminary Results’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 30, 245–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roe, D. A., 1967. A Study of Handaxe Groups of the British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Periods, using methods of Metrical and Statistical Analysis, with a Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Cambridge; unpublished.Google Scholar
Sainty, J. E., 1925. ‘An Acheulian Palaeolithic Workshop Site at Whitlingham’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, 5, 177213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sandford, K. S., 1924. ‘The River Gravels of the Oxford District’, Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 80, 113–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sandford, K. S., 1939. ‘Quaternary Geology and Palaeolithic Man’, The Victoria County History of Oxfordshire, vol. 1, 223–38.Google Scholar
Smith, R. A., 1915. ‘High Level Finds in the Upper Thames Valley’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, 2, 99107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, R. A., 1921. ‘Implements from Plateau Brickearth at Ipswich’, Proceedings of the Geologists Association, 32, 116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, R. A., 1926. A Guide to Antiquities of the Stone Age in the Department of British and Medieval Antiquities (Third Edition), published by the Trustees of the British Museum.Google Scholar
Smith, R. A., 1931. The Sturge Collection. An Illustrated Selection by Flints from Britain Bequeathed in 1919 by William Allen Sturge, M.V.O., M.D., F.R.C.P., published by the Trustees of the British Museum.Google Scholar
Smith, R. A., 1933. ‘Implements from High Level Gravel near Canterbury’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, 7, 165–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, R. A., and Dewey, H., 1914. ‘The High Terrace of the Thames: Report on Excavations made on behalf of the British Museum and H. M. Geological Survey in 1913’, Archaeologia, 65, 187212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, R. A., 1915. ‘Researches at Rickmansworth’, Archaeologia, 66, 195224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, W. G., 1894. Man the Primeval Savage, London (Edward Stanford).Google Scholar
Smith, W. G., 1916. ‘Notes on the Palaeolithic Floor near Caddington’, Archaeologia, 67, 4974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Solomon, J. D., 1933. ‘The Implementiferous Gravels of Warren Hill’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 63 (New Series 36), 101–10.Google Scholar
Tester, P. J., 1950. ‘Palaeolithic Flint Implements from the Bowman's Lodge Gravel Pit, Dartford Heath’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 63, 122–34.Google Scholar
Tester, P. J., 1965. ‘An Acheulian Site at Cuxton’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 80, 3060.Google Scholar
Treacher, Ll., 1896. ‘Palaeolithic Man in East Berks’, The Berks, Bucks and Oxon Archaeological Journal, 2, 1618.Google Scholar
Treacher, M. S., Arkell, W. J. and Oakley, K. P., 1948. ‘On the Ancient Channel between Caversham and Henley, Oxfordshire, and its contained Flint Implements’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 14, 126–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Underwood, Lt.-Col. W., 1913. ‘A Discovery of Pleistocene Bones and Flint Implements in a Gravel Pit at Dovercourt, Essex’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, 1, 360–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Warren, S. H., 1933. ‘The Palaeolithic Industries of the Clacton and Dovercourt Districts’, Essex Naturalist, 24, 129.Google Scholar
West, R. G. and McBurney, C. B. M., 1954. ‘The Quaternary Deposits at Hoxne, Suffolk, and their Archaeology’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 20 (part 2), 131–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Willis, G. W., 1946. ‘Hampshire Palaeoliths and the Clay-with-Flints’, Papers and Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, 16 (part 3), 253–6.Google Scholar
Wymer, J., 1961. ‘The Lower Palaeolithic Succession in the Thames Valley and the Date of the Ancient Channel between Caversham and Henley, Oxon’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 27, 127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar