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An Upper Palaeolithic Open-site at Hengistbury Head, Christchurch, Hants

  • Angela Mace
Extract

Traces of Upper Palaeolithic settlement in Britain have up to the present been confined very largely to the limestone caves of the highland zone. Recent work in Holland, north Germany and Denmark during the last twenty or thirty years by Rust, Mathiassen, Schwabedissen, Bohmers and others suggests that indications of open settlement ought to occur in lowland England. Until the present investigations these were confined to surface industries from East Anglia and north Kent and to the recovery in association with remains of three horses of a small shouldered backed blade and of another without retouch from a deposit of Allerød age at Flixton (site 2) in East Yorkshire.

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page 233 note 1 Garrod, D. A. E., The Upper Palaeolithic Age in Britain, Oxford, 1926.

page 233 note 2 E.g. Rust, A., Das altsteinzeitlichen funde von Stellmoor, 1937 and Die alt– und mittelsteinzeitlichen funde von 1943; Mathiassen, T., ‘En Senglacial Boplads ved Bromme,’ Aarbøger, 1946, 121–97; Schwabedissen, H., Die Federmesser–Gruppen des nordwesteuropaischen Flachlandes, 1954; Bohmers, A., ‘Statistics and Graphs in the of Flint Assemblages’, Palaeohistoria, vol. v, 1954, 138.

page 233 note 3 John W. Moore in Clark et al., Excavations at Star Carr., Appendix and pl. XVI.

page 234 note 1 Proc. Geol. Soc., LVII, p. 82.

page 238 note 1 The Surface Collection.—Several hundred flints have been collected from the top of Hengistbury Head. Most of them are of Neolithic or Bronze Age character. All States of patination are represented. Mr Calkin has examined 40 definitely Neolithic or Bronze Age specimens and found that 37 of them were unpatinated. On the basis of this, on general typological grounds, and because all degrees of patination were found in the excavation material, I have used the following criteria to select specimens from the surface-collection for consideration:—

Backed Pieces — All specimens, complete enough to type.

Burins — All specimens, complete enough to type.

Scrapers — All well-patinated specimens, complete enough to type.

Resulting totals are:—

Backed Pieces 10

Burins 26

Scrapers 25

page 239 note 1 For verbal descriptions and definitions, see Appendix.

page 243 note 1 Half-a-dozen awls were found in the surface collection. Examples of these can be seen in fig. 10, nos. 97–101 incl.

page 244 note 4 Amongst 50 well-patinated cores separated from the many in the surface collection, by far the most common types were, as in the excavation material, the single-platformed and the symmetrical two-platformed cores.

page 254 note 1 Garrod, D. A. E., The Upper Palaeolithic Age in Britain, 1925.

page 255 note 1 Mathiassen, T., ‘En Senglacial Boplads ved Bromme’, Aarbøger, 1946.

page 256 note 1 Gross, Hugo, ‘Die bisherigen Ergebnisse von C14-Messungen und palaontologischen Untersuchungen für die Gliederung und Chronologie des Jungpleistozäns in Mittleleuropa und den Nachbargebieten’, Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart, B IX, pp. 155–87, 1958.

page 256 note 2 Rust, A., Die Alt- und Mittelsteinzeitlichen Funde von Stellmoor, 1943.

page 256 note 3 Wouters, Br. A., ‘Een Nieuwe Vindplaats van de Ahrensburgcultuur onder de gemeente Geldrop’., Brabants Heem, Jaargang, IX, Nr. I 1957.

page 256 note 4 Wouters, Br. A., ‘Quelques Artefactes faits de bois de Renne du Limbourg Central’, Palaeohistoria, IV, fig. 1, 1955.

page 257 note 1 Schwabedissen, H., Die Federmesser Gruppen des nordwesteuropäischen Flachlandes, 1954.

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Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
  • ISSN: 0079-497X
  • EISSN: 2050-2729
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