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Filling the Gaps: The Iron Age in Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan

  • Oliver Davis (a1)

Abstract

Over the last 20 years interpretive approaches within Iron Age studies in Britain have moved from the national to the regional. This was an important development which challenged the notion that a unified, British, Iron Age ever existed. However, whilst this approach has allowed regional histories to be told in their own right, there has been far too much focus on ‘key’ areas such as Wessex and Yorkshire. Our knowledge of the ‘gaps’ in-between these regions is uneven across the country and seriously distorts our understanding of the period. This situation is particularly acute in Wales where there is a paucity of very large material and structural assemblages. As with many ‘in-between’ areas, developer-funded archaeology has increased the baseline dataset, although the interpretations of those data have not developed in parallel. This paper will demonstrate that, to more fully understand the integrated regional composition of Iron Age Britain, we must give detailed consideration to the evidence from these ‘gaps’. By bringing together for the first time all of the available aerial photographic, chronological, faunal, palaeobotanical, and excavated data in one of these ‘gap’ areas, southern Glamorgan, this paper will show that through the careful analysis of the available evidence we are able to gain an understanding of different areas’ distinctive regional characters and move beyond our over-reliance on a small number of key regions.

Comblerl les vides: L’âge du fer à Cardiff et dans la vallée de Glamorgan, de Oliver Davis

Au cours des 20 dernières années des approches interprétatives à l’intérieur des études de l’âge du fer en Grande-Bretagne sont passées du national au régional. Ce fut un important changement qui défia la notion qu’un âge du fer britannique unifié avait jamais existé. Cependant, tandis que cette approche a permis de raconter les histoires régionales de leur plein droit, on s’est beaucoup trop concentré sur des zones ‘clés’ telles que le Wessex et le Yorkshire. Notre connaissance des ‘vides’ entre ces régions est inégale à travers le pays et altère sérieusement notre compréhension de la période. Cette situation est particulièrement aiguë au Pays de Galles où les très grands assemblages matériaux et structuraux sont rares. Comme pour beaucoup de zones intermédiaires, bien que l’archéologie financée par les promoteurs a augmenté leur ensemble de données de base, l’interprétation de ces données ne s’est pas développée en parallèle. Cet article démontrera que pour comprendre plus pleinement la composition intégrée régionale de l’âge du fer britannique nous devons accorder une attention détaillée aux témoignages de ces ‘vides’. En réunissant pour la première fois toutes les données disponibles photographiques aériennes,chronologiques, faunales, paléobotaniques et excavées dans une de ces zones ‘vides’, le sud du Glamorgan, cet article montrera que grâce à l’analyse approfondie des témoignages disponibles nous pouvons parvenir à une compréhension des caractéristiques régionales distinctives des diverses zones et aller au delà de notre confiance excessive en un petit nombre de régions clés.

Lücken füllen: Die Eisenzeit in Cardiff und im Vale of Glamorgan, von Oliver Davis

In den letzten 20 Jahren haben sich die Interpretationsansätze in der Eisenzeitforschung in Großbritannien von der nationalen zur regionalen Ebene verlagert. Dies war eine wichtige Entwicklung, die die Vorstellung infrage stellte, dass jemals eine einheitliche, britische Eisenzeit existierte. Während diese Neuausrichtung zwar ermöglichte, regionale Geschichte gemäß ihrem jeweils eigenen Recht zu erzählen, fokussierte man jedoch zu sehr auf „Schlüsselregionen“ wie Wessex und Yorkshire. Unser Wissensstand zu den „Lücken“ zwischen diesen Regionen ist uneinheitlich, was unser Verständnis dieser Epoche ernstlich verfälscht. Diese Situation ist in Wales besonders akut, wo es eine Armut an großen Materialensembles gibt. Auch wenn, wie in vielen anderen „Zwischengebieten“, der grundlegende Datenbestand durch Infrastrukturmaßnahmen begleitende Grabungen vergrößert wurde, hat sich die Interpretation dieser Daten nicht im gleichen Maße entwickelt. Dieser Beitrag demonstriert, dass eine detaillierte Erörterung der Daten aus diesen „Lücken“ notwendig ist, um die durchgängige regionale Zusammensetzung des eisenzeitlichen Großbritanniens umfassender zu verstehen. Durch die Zusammenführung aller verfügbaren Daten aus Luftbildern, chronologischen, archäozoologischen und paläobotanischen Untersuchungen sowie Grabungen aus einer dieser „Lücken“, dem südlichen Glamorgan, zeigt dieser Beitrag, dass wir durch die sorgfältige Analyse der verfügbaren Informationen in der Lage sind ein Verständnis der besonderen regionalen Charaktere verschiedener Region zu erlangen und uns aus der Abhängigkeit von einer kleinen Zahl von Schlüsselregionen zu befreien.

Rellenando los huecos: la Edad del Hierro en Cardiff y en el valle de Glamorgan, por Oliver Davis.

En los últimos 20 años, las interpretaciones en los estudios sobre la Edad del Hierro en Gran Bretaña se han desplazado desde un marco nacional a otro más regional. Esto ha constituido un importante avance que cuestiona la existencia de una Edad del Hierro unitaria. Sin embargo, aunque este enfoque ha permitido el desarrollo de aproximaciones regionales por derecho propio, con diferencia la atención se ha centrado sobre todo en las zonas “clave” como Wessex y Yorkshire. Nuestro conocimiento tiene numerosas lagunas entre estas dos regiones y es desigual en todo el país, distorsionando nuestra interpretación del período. Esta situación es especialmente grave en Gales, donde hay una gran escasez de material y de conjuntos estructurales. Al igual que en otras áreas “intermedias”, pese a que la arqueología de gestión ha aumentado el volumen de datos disponibles, la correspondiente interpretación de éstos no ha tenido un desarrollo paralelo. Este artículo demostrará que para entender completamente la composición regional de la Edad del Hierro se debe tener en consideración el análisis detallado de estos “vacíos”. En este artículo, aunando por primera vez todos los datos disponibles de fotografía aérea, cronología, fauna, restos paleobotánicos y datos de excavación disponibles para una de estas zonas, el sur de Glamorgan, se demostrará que un análisis cuidadoso de la evidencia disponible permite lograr una comprensión de los caracteres regionales distintivos en cada una de las áreas, e ir más allá de nuestra excesiva dependencia de un pequeño número de regiones clave.

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References

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