Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-klj7v Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-03-01T11:23:26.652Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Same-Sex Marriage and the 2004 Presidential Election

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 May 2005

Gregory B. Lewis
Affiliation:
Georgia State University

Extract

Immediately after the 2004 election, with overwhelming majorities in 13 states voting to amend their constitutions to ban same-sex marriage and exit polls showing large numbers saying “moral values” were the most important determinant of their vote, many analysts emphasized religious and cultural divides in the electorate and the importance of the religious right and same-sex marriage in motivating President George W. Bush's base to get out and vote (e.g., Chinni 2004; Cooperman and Edsall 2004; Dao 2004; Manly 2004; McGough 2004; Testa 2004). With more analysis, the consensus seems to have shifted to an emphasis on incumbency, terrorism, and perceptions of character. Both voter turnout and support for Bush rose across a wide array of groups; evangelical Protestants and voters in states with same-sex marriage amendments on the ballot did not disproportionately increase their numbers or their preference for Bush; white women, married women, and Latinos may have played a bigger role in the shift toward Bush (e.g., Abramowitz 2004; Burden 2004; Freedman 2004; Nordhaus 2004; Sherrill 2004; Signorile 2004).

Type
Symposium
Copyright
© 2005 by the American Political Science Association

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abramowitz Alan. 2004. “Terrorism, Gay Marriage, and Incumbency: Explaining the Republican Victory in the 2004 Presidential Election.” The Forum 2 (4): Article 3. http://www.bepress.com/forum/vol2/iss4/art3.Google Scholar
Burden Barry C. 2004. “An Alternative Account of the 2004 Presidential Election.” The Forum 2 (4): Article 2. http://www.bepress.com/forum/vol2/iss4/art2.Google Scholar
Chinni Dante. 2004. “Is the Post-Election Red Tinge a Mandate? Don't Bet on It,” Christian Science Monitor, November 4, 9.Google Scholar
Dao James. 2004. “Same-Sex Marriage Issue Key to Some GOP Races,” New York Times, November 4, 4.Google Scholar
Freedman Paul. 2004. “The Gay Marriage Myth: Terrorism, Not Values, Drove Bush's Re-election,” Slate, November 5. http://www.slate.com/id/2109275/.Google Scholar
Long J. Scott, and Jeremy Freese. 2001. Regression Models for Categorical Dependent Variables Using Stata. College Station, TX: Stata Corporation.Google Scholar
Los Angeles Times. 2004. Poll # 2004–501: Presidential Politics/Corporate Scandals/Gay Issues. March 2730.Google Scholar
Manly Howard. 2004. “In the End, It Was the Bible, Stupid,” Boston Herald, November 4, 55.Google Scholar
McGough Michael. 2004. “Election Shows Split on Cultural Lines,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 4, A1.Google Scholar
Nordhaus William. 2005. “The Profile of an Election, 2004: Outcomes and Fundamentals,” The Economists' Voice 2 (2): Article 3. http://www.bepress.com/ev/vol2/iss2/art3.Google Scholar
Sherrill Kenneth. 2004. “Same-Sex Marriage, Civil Unions, and the 2004 Presidential Election.” National Gay and Lesbian Task Force.Google Scholar
Signorile Michelangelo. 2004. “Don't Blame the Gays: Why the ‘Moral Values’ Story Plays Right into the GOP's Hands,” New York Press, November 10, 17. http://www.nypress.com/17/45/news&columns/signorile.cfm.Google Scholar
Testa Karen. 2004. “A Year After Ruling, Nation Remains Divided over Gay Marriage,” Boston Globe, November 12.Google Scholar
Vennochi Joan. 2004. “Was Gay Marriage Kerry's Undoing?Boston Globe, November 4, A15.Google Scholar
Wooldridge Jeffrey M. 2003. Introductory Econometrics: A Modern Approach, 2d edition. Cincinnati, OH: South-Western College.Google Scholar
Wright Gerald C., Jr., Robert S. Erickson, and John P. McIver. 1985. “Measuring State Partisanship and Ideology with Survey Data.” Journal of Politics 47: 46989.Google Scholar
Wright Gerald C., Jr., John P. McIver, Robert S. Erickson, and David B. Holian. 2000. “Stability and Change in State Electorates, Carter through Clinton.” Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.Google Scholar
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Local Area Unemployment Statistics,” http://www.bls.gov/lau/home.htm#tables. Accessed January 20, 2005.Google Scholar