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A Reply to “Reducing Political Bias in Political Science Estimates”

  • Daniel Maliniak (a1), Ryan Powers (a2) and Barbara Walter (a3)

Zigerell (this issue) cites the findings of his recent reanalysis (Zigerell 2015) of the data in our 2013 study of the gender citation gap in the international relations literature to support his claim that our study showed a “preference for statistically-significant results.” We thank Zigerell for so closely engaging with our work. However, we note that he is focused on how his changes to our sample affect a single model in our original paper, highlight the fact that we reported statistically insignificant results when they arose in our original analyses, and review the findings of other recent re-analyses of our data. Ultimately, while we disagree with Zigerell’s conclusions about our work, we join Zigerell in calling for greater diversity in the discipline.

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Broockman, David, Kalla, Joshua, and Aronow, Peter. “Irregularities in LaCour (2014).” (2015): A36–A38.
Duarte, José L., Crawford, Jarret T., Stern, Charlotta, Haidt, Jonathan, Jussim, Lee, and Tetlock, Phillip E.. 2015. “Political Diversity Will Improve Social Psychological Science.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38: e130.
Fogarty, Brian J. 2015. “Comment on Zigerell (2015): Using Poisson Inverse Gaussian Regression on Citation Data.” Research & Politics 2 (4): 2053168015617496.
Gilbert, Daniel T., King, Gary, Pettigrew, Stephen, Wilson, Timothy D.. 2016. “Comment on ‘Estimating the Reproducibility of Psychological Science.’” Science 351.6277: 1037–1037.
LaCour, Michael J. and Green, Donald P.. 2014. “When Contact Changes Minds: An Experiment on Transmission of Support for Gay Equality.” Science 346 (6215): 13661369.
Maliniak, Daniel, Powers, Ryan, and Walter, Barbara F.. 2013. “The Gender Citation Gap In International Relations.” International Organization 67 (4): 889922.
Monogan, James E. 2015. “Research Preregistration in Political Science: The Case, Counterarguments, and a Response to Critiques.” PS: Political Science & Politics 48 (03): 425429.
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Roberts, Margaret E., Stewart, Brandon M., and Nielsen, Richard. 2016. “Matching Methods for High-Dimensional Data with Applications to Text.” Working Paper, (
Shields, Jon A. and Dunn Sr, Joshua M.. 2016. Passing on the Right: Conservative Professors in the Progressive University. Oxford University Press.
Zigerell, L. J. 2015. “Is the Gender Citation Gap in International Relations Driven by Elite Papers?” Research & Politics 2 (2): 2053168015585192.
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PS: Political Science & Politics
  • ISSN: 1049-0965
  • EISSN: 1537-5935
  • URL: /core/journals/ps-political-science-and-politics
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