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Economic Pessimism and Political Punishment

  • Brad Lockerbie (a1)
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References
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Abramowitz, Alan I. 2000. “Bill and Al’s Excellent Adventure: Forecasting the 1996 Presidential Election.” In Before the Vote: Forecasting American National Elections, eds., Campbell, James E. and Garand, James C.. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Alford, John R. and Hibbing, John R.. 1981. “Increased Incumbency Advantage in the House.” Journal of Politics 43 (4): 1042–61.
Collie, Melissa P. 1981. “Incumbency, Electoral Safety and Turnover in the House of Representatives, 1952-1976.” American Political Science Review 75: 119–31.
Cover, Albert D. 1977. “One Good Term Deserves Another: The Incumbency Advantage in Congressional Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 21 (3): 523–41.
Erikson, Robert P. 1972. “Malapportionment, Gerrymandering, and Party Fortunes in Congressional Elections.” American Political Science Review 66: 1234–45.
Ferejohn, John A. 1977. “On the Decline of Competition in Congressional Elections.” American Political Science Review 71 (1): 166–76.
Fiorina, Morris P. 1977. Congress: Keystone of the Washington Establishment. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Fiorina, Morris P. 1981. Retrospective Voting in American National Elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Key, V. O. 1966. The Responsible Electorate. Cambridge, MA: Harvard university Press.
Kramer, Gerald H. 1983. “The Ecological Fallacy Revisited: Aggregate- versus Individual-Level findings on Economics and Elections and Sociotropic Voting.” American Political Science Review 77 (1): 436–47.
Lewis-Beck, Michael S. 1988. Economics and Elections: The Major Western Democracies. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Lockerbie, Brad. 2008. Do Voters Look to the Future: Economics and Elections. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Mueller, John E. 1973. War, Presidents and Public Opinion. New York, NY: Wiley.
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PS: Political Science & Politics
  • ISSN: 1049-0965
  • EISSN: 1537-5935
  • URL: /core/journals/ps-political-science-and-politics
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