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Thomas J. Christensen and Jack Snyder . 1990. “Chain Gangs and Passed Bucks: Prediction Alliance Patterns in Multipolarity.”
44 (2): 137–68.
F. Gregory Gause III. 2003/4. “Balancing What? Threat Perception and Alliance Choice in the Gulf.”
13 (2): 273–305.
Mark L Haas . 2014. “Ideological Polarity and Balancing in Great Power Politics.”
23 (4): 715–53.
Fred H Lawson . 2006. Constructing International Relations in the Arab World. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Lawrence P Rubin . 2014. Islam in the Balance: Ideational Threats in Arab Politics. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.
Curtis R Ryan . 2009. Inter-Arab Alliances: Regime Security and Jordanian Foreign Policy. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
Bassel F Salloukh . 2013. “The Arab Uprisings and the Geopolitics of the Middle East.”
The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs
48 (2): 32–46.
Randall L Schweller . 2004. “Unanswered Threats: A Neoclassical Realist Theory of Underbalancing.”
29 (2): 159–201.