Skip to main content Accessibility help

Integrating Gender into the Political Science Core Curriculum

  • Erin C. Cassese (a1), Angela L. Bos (a2) and Lauren E. Duncan (a3)


The New Research on Gender in Political Psychology Conference brought together new and experienced teachers with interests in gender politics. The conference session “Teaching Gender throughout the Curriculum” generated a great deal of discussion concerning the pedagogical practice of gender mainstreaming. Gender mainstreaming—the integration of gendered content into courses required for a major—was recognized as one of 11 recommendations for reforming the undergraduate political science curriculum in the 1991 APSA report “Liberal Learning an The Political Science Major: A Report to the Profession” (popularly referred to as the Wahlke Report). Little information is available on the prevalence of gender courses in the undergraduate curriculum, but the data that does exist suggest such courses are uncommon (Brandes et al. 2001). We found virtually no data on the practice of gender mainstreaming in political science and little data in the way of assessing the impact of gendered content when students are exposed to it. This absence of data suggests gender mainstreaming has not emerged as a serious priority for curricular reform.



Hide All
Albright, Madeline. 2003. Madame Secretary: A Memoir. New York: Easton Press.
APSA. 2005. Women's Advancement in Political Science: A Report on the APSA Workshop on the Advancement of Women in Academic Political Science in the United States. Washington, DC: American Political Science Association.
APSA. 2011. Task Force Report on Political Science in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: American Political Science Association.
Beckwith, Karen. 2005. “A Common Language of Gender?Politics and Gender 1 (1): 128–36.
Boxer, Barbara. 1993. Strangers in the Senate: Politics and the New Revolution of Women in America. Washington, DC: National Press Books.
Brandes, Lisa, Buker, Eloise, Burgess, Susan, Cook, Constance, Flammang, Janet, Geiger, Shirley, Okin, Susan, Yoon, Bang-Soon, and Ackelsberg, Martha. 2001. “The Status of Women in Political Science: Female Participation in the Professoriate and the Study of Women and Politics in the Discipline.” PS: Political Science and Politics 34 (2): 319–26.
Camasso, Michael. 2007. Family Caps, Abortion, and Women of Color: Research Conncetion and Political Rejection. New York: Oxford University Press.
Carroll, Susan J. 1989. “Gender Politics and the Socializing Impact of the Women's Movement.” In Political Learning in Adulthood, ed. Sigel, Roberta. 306–39. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cole, Elizabeth R. 2009. “Intersectionality and Research in Psychology.” American Psychologist 64 (3): 170–80.
Collins, Patricia H. 1991. Black Feminist Thought. New York: Routledge.
Crenshaw, Kimberle. 1991. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color.” Stanford Law Review 43 (6): 1241–99.
Darcy, Robert, Welch, Susan, and Clark, Janet. 1994. Women, Elections, and Representation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Eagly, Alice H., and Carli, Linda L.. 2007. Through the Labyrinth: The Truth about How Women Become Leaders. Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation.
Falk, Erike, and Kenski, Kate. 2006. “Sexism versus Partisanship: A New Look at the Question of Whether America Is Ready for a Woman President.” Sex Roles 54 (7-8): 413–28.
Hall Jamieson, Kathleen. 1995. Beyond the Double Bind: Women and Leadership. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hare-Mustin, Rachel T., and Marecek, Jeanne. 1988. “The Meaning of Difference: Gender Theory, Postmodernism, and Psychology.” American Psychologist 43 (6): 455–64.
Hare-Mustin, Rachel T., and Marecek, Jeanne. 1990. Making a Difference: Psychology and the Construction of Gender. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Hawkesworth, Mary. 2003. “Congressional Enactments of Race-Gender: Toward a Theory of Raced-Gendered Institutions.” American Political Science Review 97 (4): 529–50.
Hawkesworth, Mary. 2005. “Engendering Political Science: An Immodest Proposal.” Politics and Gender 1 (1): 140–56
Heflick, Nathan A., and Goldenberg, Jamie L.. 2009. “Objectifying Sarah Palin: Evidence that Objectification Causes Women to be Perceived as Less Competent and Less Fully Human.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 45 (3): 598601.
Jackson, Philip W. 1968. Life in Classrooms. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Kabeer, Naila. 2004. “Globalization, Labor Standards, and Women's Rights: Dilemmas of Collective (In)Action in an Interdependent World.” Feminist Economics 10 (1): 335.
Kowalski, Robin M. 2000. “Including Gender, Race, and Ethnicity in Psychology Content Courses.” Teaching of Psychology 27 (1): 1824.
Mankiller, Wilma Pearl, and Wallis, Michael. 1999. Mankiller: A Chief and Her People. 1st edition. New York: St. Martin's Griffin.
McGlone, Matthew, Aronson, Joshua, and Kobrynowicz, Diane. 2006. “Stereotype Threat and the Gender Gap in Political KnowledgePsychology of Women Quarterly 30 (4): 392–98.
McIntosh, Peggy. 2004. “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack.” In Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study, ed. Rothenberg, Paula S., 188–92. New York: Worth.
Nerad, Maresi. 2004. “The Advancement of Women Ph.D.s in Political Science: Defining the Problem.” Paper presented to NSF-APSA Workshop on Women's Advancement in Political Science, Washington, DC.
Norris, Pippa. 1991. “Gender Differences in Political Participation in Britain: Traditional, Radical, and Revisionist Models.” Government and Opposition 26 (1): 5674.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “The Gender Gap: Old Challenges, New Approaches.” In Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions, ed. Carroll, S. J., 146–72. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Richards, Tara N., Garland, Tammy S., Bumphus, Vic W., and Thompson, Roger. 2010. “Personal and Political? Exploring the Feminization of the American Homeless Population.” Journal of Poverty 14 (1): 97115.
Rios, Desdamona, Stewart, Abigail J., and Winter, David G.. 2010. “'Thinking She Could Be the Next President:' Why Identifying with the Curriculum Matters.” Psychology of Women Quarterly 34 (1): 328–38.
Rosenthal, Cindy Simon. 1999. “One Experience Is Worth a Thousand Words: Engaging Undergraduates in Field Research on Gender.” PS: Political Science and Politics 32 (1): 6368.
Sanbonmatsu, Kira. 2002. Democrats, Republicans, and the Politics of Women's Place Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Sanchez-Hucles, Janis V., and Davis, Donald D.. 2010. “Women and Women of Color in Leadership: Complexity, Identity, and Intersectionality.” American Psychologist 65 (3): 171–81.
Sapiro, Virginia. 1981. “When Are Interests Interesting? The Problem of Political Representation of Women.” American Political Science Review 75 (3): 701–16.
Schneider, Monica C.Forthcoming. “Gender Bending or Gender Reinforcing? Effects of Candidates' Gender-Based Strategies.” Journal of Women, Politics, and Policy.
Schroeder, Pat. 1998. 24 Years of House Work … and the Place Is Still a Mess: My Life in Politics. Kansas City, MS: Andrews McMeel.
Schwindt-Bayer, Leslie A., and Mischler, William. 2005. “The Nexus of Representation: An Integrated Model of Women's Representation.” Journal of Politics 67 (2): 407–28.
Settles, Isis H., Cortina, Lilia M., Malley, Janet, and Stewart, Abigail J.. 2006. “The Climate for Women in Academic Science: The Good, the Bad, and the Changeable.” Psychology of Women Quarterly 30 (1): 4758.
Sevelius, Jeanne M., and Stake, Jayne E.. 2003. “The Effects of Prior Attitudes and Attitude Importance on Change and Class Impact in Women's and Gender Studies.” Journal of Applied Psychology 33 (11): 2341–53.
Silverberg, Helene. 1994. “Organizing a Course that is Attentive to Issues of Racial and Sexual Difference.” PS: Political Science and Politics 27 (4): 718–19.
Stewart, Abigail J., and McDermott, Christina. 2004. “Gender in Psychology.” Annual Review of Psychology 55: 519–44.
Swers, Michele. 2001. “Understanding the Policy Impact of Electing Women: Evidence from Research on Congress and State Legislatures.” PS: Political Science and Politics 34 (2): 217220.
Traister, Rebecca. 2010. Big Girls Don't Cry: The Election that Changed Everything for American Women. New York, NY: Free Press.
Wahlke, John C. 1991. “Liberal Learning and the Political Science Major: A Report to the Profession.” PS: Political Science & Politics 24 (1): 4860.
Wyer, Mary, Murphy-Medley, Deena, Damschen, Ellen I., Rosenfeld, Kristen M., and Wentworth, Thomas R.. 2007. “No Quick Fixes: Adding Content about Women to Ecology Course Materials.” Psychology of Women Quarterly 31 (1): 96102.

Integrating Gender into the Political Science Core Curriculum

  • Erin C. Cassese (a1), Angela L. Bos (a2) and Lauren E. Duncan (a3)


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed