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Preference Gaps and Inequality in Representation

  • Martin Gilens (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 02 April 2009

In a recent article in PS, Soroka and Wlezien (2008) argue that the policy preferences of low- and high-income Americans rarely differ, and therefore that “regardless of whose preferences policymakers follow … policy will end up in essentially the same place” (325). In this article, I analyze a much larger and more diverse set of policies than those examined by Soroka and Wlezien and show that income-based preference gaps are much larger and more widespread than their data suggest. In terms of federal government policy, the affluent are far better represented than the poor; the findings in this paper indicate that this representational inequality has substantial repercussions across a wide range of policy issues.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Martin Gilens . 2005. “Inequality and Democratic Responsiveness.” Public Opinion Quarterly 69 (5): 778–96.

John D. Griffin , and Patrick Flavin . 2007. “Racial Differences in Information, Expectations, and Accountability.” Journal of Politics 69 (1): 220–36.

John D. Griffin , and Brian Newman . 2007. “The Unequal Representation of Latinos and Whites.” Journal of Politics 69 (4): 1032–46.

Lawrence R. Jacobs , and Benjamin I. Page . 2005. “Who Influences U.S. Foreign Policy?American Political Science Review 99 (1): 107–23.

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PS: Political Science & Politics
  • ISSN: 1049-0965
  • EISSN: 1537-5935
  • URL: /core/journals/ps-political-science-and-politics
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