Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Available energy from soft drinks: more than the sum of its parts

  • Anwar T Merchant (a1), Avnish Tripathi (a1) and Farhan Pervaiz (a2)
Abstract
AbstractObjective

To evaluate the relationship between energy available from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and total energy availability.

Design

Ecological study using food availability data from 1976 to 2007 from the database of the Canadian Socio-Economic Information Management System. The average available total daily energy per capita (kJ (kcal)/d per capita) and percentage of energy from SSB (%E/d per capita) were calculated. A regression analysis was performed with average available total daily energy per capita (kJ (kcal)/d per capita) as the outcome and percentage of energy from SSB as the independent variable (%E/d per capita).

Setting

Canada 1976–2007.

Subjects

None.

Results

Between 1976 and 2007, total available energy increased on average by 669 kJ (160 kcal)/d per capita, and energy from SSB by 155 kJ (37 kcal)/d per capita. Total available energy increased by 434 kJ (104 kcal)/d per capita for a one unit increase in average percentage of energy from SSB.

Conclusions

Total available energy increased as the contribution of energy available from SSB increased. This increase was larger than that explained by energy availability from SSB alone. Reducing energy from soft drinks may contribute to larger reductions in total energy available for consumption.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Available energy from soft drinks: more than the sum of its parts
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Available energy from soft drinks: more than the sum of its parts
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Available energy from soft drinks: more than the sum of its parts
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email anwar.merchant@post.harvard.edu
References
Hide All
1. Ebbeling CB, Feldman HA, Osganian SK et al. (2006) Effects of decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption on body weight in adolescents: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Pediatrics 117, 673680.
2. Ludwig DS, Peterson KE & Gortmaker SL (2001) Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysis. Lancet 357, 505508.
3. Schulze MB, Manson JE, Ludwig DS et al. (2004) Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women. JAMA 292, 927934.
4. Brownell KD & Frieden TR (2009) Ounces of prevention – the public policy case for taxes on sugared beverages. N Engl J Med 360, 18051808.
5. Harnack L, Stang J & Story M (1999) Soft drink consumption among US children and adolescents: nutritional consequences. J Am Diet Assoc 99, 436441.
6. Leahy KE, Birch LL & Rolls BJ (2008) Reducing the energy density of multiple meals decreases the energy intake of preschool-age children. Am J Clin Nutr 88, 14591468.
7.Statistics Canada (2009) About CANSIM. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/ads-annonces/cansimii/index-eng.htm (accessed April 2010).
8. Bowman SA & Vinyard BT (2004) Fast food consumption of US adults: impact on energy and nutrient intakes and overweight status. J Am Coll Nutr 23, 163168.
9. DiMeglio DP & Mattes RD (2000) Liquid versus solid carbohydrate: effects on food intake and body weight. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24, 794800.
10. Malik VS, Schulze MB & Hu FB (2006) Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr 84, 274288.
11. Chen L, Appel LJ, Loria C et al. (2009) Reduction in consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with weight loss: the PREMIER trial. Am J Clin Nutr 89, 12991306.
12. Drewnowski A & Bellisle F (2007) Liquid calories, sugar, and body weight. Am J Clin Nutr 85, 651661.
13. Heymsfield SB, van Mierlo CA, van der Knaap HC et al. (2003) Weight management using a meal replacement strategy: meta and pooling analysis from six studies. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27, 537549.
14. Vartanian LR, Schwartz MB & Brownell KD (2007) Effects of soft drink consumption on nutrition and health: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Public Health 97, 667675.
15. Fernandes MM (2008) The effect of soft drink availability in elementary schools on consumption. J Am Diet Assoc 108, 14451452.
16. Naska A, Oikonomou E, Trichopoulou A et al. (2007) Estimations of daily energy and nutrient availability based on nationally representative household budget survey data. The Data Food Networking (DAFNE) project. Public Health Nutr 10, 14221429.
17. Kumanyika SK, Obarzanek E, Stettler N et al. (2008) Population-based prevention of obesity: the need for comprehensive promotion of healthful eating, physical activity, and energy balance: a scientific statement from American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention, Interdisciplinary Committee for Prevention (formerly the Expert Panel on Population and Prevention Science). Circulation 118, 428464.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 96 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 83 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.