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    Danyliw, Adrienne D. Vatanparast, Hassanali Nikpartow, Nooshin and Whiting, Susan J. 2012. Beverage patterns among Canadian children and relationship to overweight and obesity. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Vol. 37, Issue. 5, p. 900.


    Nikpartow, Nooshin Danyliw, Adrienne D Whiting, Susan J Lim, Hyun J and Vatanparast, Hassanali 2012. Beverage consumption patterns of Canadian adults aged 19 to 65 years. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 15, Issue. 12, p. 2175.


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Beverage intake patterns of Canadian children and adolescents

  • Adrienne D Danyliw (a1), Hassanali Vatanparast (a1), Nooshin Nikpartow (a1) and Susan J Whiting (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980011001091
  • Published online: 23 June 2011
Abstract
AbstractObjective

Little is known of the beverage intake patterns of Canadian children or of characteristics within these patterns. The objective was to determine beverage intake patterns among Canadian children and compare intakes of fourteen types of beverages, along with intakes of vitamin C and Ca, and sociodemographic factors across clusters.

Design

Dietary information was collected using one 24 h recall. Sociodemographic data were collected by interview. Cluster analysis was used to determine beverage intake patterns. Pearson's χ2 and 95 % CI were used to test differences across clusters.

Setting

Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2·2.

Subjects

Children aged 2–18 years with plausible energy intake and complete sociodemographic data (n 10 038) were grouped into the following categories: 2–5-year-old boys and girls, 6–11-year-old girls, 6–11-year-old boys, 12–18-year-old girls and 12–18-year-old boys.

Results

Five beverage clusters emerged for children aged 2–5 years, six clusters for children aged 6–11 years (both sexes) and four clusters for those aged 12–18 years (both sexes). Sweetened beverage clusters appeared in all age–sex groups. Intakes of sweetened beverages ranged from 553 to 1059 g/d and contributed between 2 % and 18 % of total energy intake. Girls 6–11 years of age in the ‘soft drink’ cluster had lower Ca intake compared with other clusters in that age–sex group. Age and ethnicity differed across clusters for most age–sex groups. Differences for household food security status and income were found; however, no pattern emerged.

Conclusions

Patterns in beverage intake among Canadian children include beverages that are predominantly sugar sweetened. Public health nutrition professionals can use knowledge about beverage patterns among children, as well as the characteristics of these groups, in the development of nutritional programmes and policies.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email susan.whiting@usask.ca
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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
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