This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1. MA Flynn , DA McNeil , B Maloff , D Mutasingwa , M Wu , C Ford & SC Tough (2006) Reducing obesity and related chronic disease risk in children and youth: a synthesis of evidence with ‘best practice’ recommendations. Obes Rev 7, Suppl. 1, 7–66.
2. T Baranowski , C Anderson & C Carmack (1998) Mediating variable framework in physical activity interventions: how are we doing? How might we do better? Am J Prev Med 15, 266–297.
3. RM Baron & DA Kenny (1986) The moderator–mediator distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. J Pers Soc Psychol 51, 1173–1182.
5. Y Miller , S Trost & W Brown (2002) Mediators of physical activity behavior among women with young children. Am J Prev Med 23, 2 Suppl., 98–103.
7. BM Pinto , H Lynn , BH Marcus , J DePue & MG Goldstein (2001) Physician-based activity counseling: intervention effects on mediators of motivational readiness for physical activity. Ann Behav Med 23, 2–10.
8. TR Prodaniuk , RC Plotnikoff , JC Spence & PM Wilson (2004) The influence of self-efficacy and outcome expectations on the relationship between perceived environment and physical activity in the workplace. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 1, 7.
11. DP MacKinnon , AJ Fairchild & MS Fritz (2007) Mediation analysis. Annu Rev Psychol 58, 593–614.
12. DP MacKinnon , CM Lockwood , JM Hoffman , SG West & V Sheet (2002) A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects. Psychol Methods 7, 83–103.
13. E Cerin , LM Taylor , E Leslie & N Owen (2006) Small-scale randomized controlled trials need more powerful methods of mediational analysis than the Baron–Kenny method. J Clin Epidemiol 59, 457–464.
15. DP MacKinnon , CM Lockwood , CH Brown , W Wang & JM Hoffman (2007) The intermediate endpoint effect in logistic and probit regression. Clin Trials 4, 499–513.
16. ME Sobel (1982) Asymptotic confidence intervals for indirect effects in structural equation models. In Sociological Methodology, pp. 290–312 [S Leinhardt, editor]. Washington, DC: American Sociological Association.
17. KA Bollen & R Stine (1990) Direct and indirect effects: classical and bootstrap estimates of variability. Sociol Methodol 20, 115–140.
18. MS Fritz & DP MacKinnon (2007) Required sample size to detect the mediated effect. Psychol Sci 18, 233–239.
19. PE Shrout & N Bolger (2002) Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: new procedures and recommendations. Psychol Methods 7, 422–445.
20. DP MacKinnon , MS Fritz , J Williams & CM Lockwood (2007) Distribution of the product confidence limits for the indirect effect: program PRODCLIN. Behav Res Methods 39, 384–389.
21. KJ Preacher & AF Hayes (2004) SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput 36, 717–731.
22. B Efron & TJ Tibshirani (1993) An Introduction to the Bootstrap. New York: Chapman & Hall.
23. KA Pituch , LM Stapleton & JY Kang (2006) A comparison for single sample and bootstrap methods to assess mediation in cluster randomized trials. Multivariate Behav Res 41, 367–400.
24. E Cerin & E Leslie (2008) How socio-economic status contributes to participation in leisure-time physical activity. Soc Sci Med 66, 2596–2609.
25. CM Judd & DA Kenny (1981) Process analysis: estimating mediation in treatment evaluations. Eval Rev 5, 602–619.
26. H Kraemer , G Wilson , C Fairburn & W Agras (2002) Mediators and moderators of treatment effects in randomized clinical trials. Arch Gen Psychiatry 59, 877–883.
27. DP MacKinnon , JL Krull & CM Lockwood (2000) Equivalence of mediation, confounding and suppression effects. Prev Sci 1, 173–181.
28. K Meltzer , B Kayser , WHM Saris & C Pichard (2005) Effects of physical activity on food intake. Clin Nutr 24, 885–895.
29. L Haerens , E Cerin , B Deforche , L Maes & I De Bourdeaudhuij (2007) Explaining the effects of a 1-year intervention promoting a low fat diet in adolescent girls: a mediation analysis. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 4, 55.
30. T Baranowski , DD Allen , LC Masse & M Wilson (2006) Does participation in an intervention affect responses on self-report questionnaires? Health Educ Res 21, 98–109.