Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Dietary guidelines to nourish humanity and the planet in the twenty-first century. A blueprint from Brazil

Abstract
AbstractObjective

To present and discuss the dietary guidelines issued by the Brazilian government in 2014.

Design

The present paper describes the aims of the guidelines, their shaping principles and the approach used in the development of recommendations. The main recommendations are outlined, their significance for the cultural, socio-economic and environmental aspects of sustainability is discussed, and their application to other countries is considered.

Setting

Brazil in the twenty-first century.

Subjects

All people in Brazil, now and in future.

Results

The food- and meal-based Brazilian Dietary Guidelines address dietary patterns as a whole and so are different from nutrient-based guidelines, even those with some recommendations on specific foods or food groups. The guidelines are based on explicit principles. They take mental and emotional well-being into account, as well as physical health and disease prevention. They identify diet as having cultural, socio-economic and environmental as well as biological and behavioural dimensions. They emphasize the benefits of dietary patterns based on a variety of natural or minimally processed foods, mostly plants, and freshly prepared meals eaten in company, for health, well-being and all relevant aspects of sustainability, as well as the multiple negative effects of ready-to-consume ultra-processed food and drink products.

Conclusions

The guidelines’ recommendations are designed to be sustainable personally, culturally, socially, economically and environmentally, and thus fit to face this century. They are for foods, meals and dietary patterns of types that are already established in Brazil, which can be adapted to suit the climate, terrain and customs of all countries.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Dietary guidelines to nourish humanity and the planet in the twenty-first century. A blueprint from Brazil
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Dietary guidelines to nourish humanity and the planet in the twenty-first century. A blueprint from Brazil
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Dietary guidelines to nourish humanity and the planet in the twenty-first century. A blueprint from Brazil
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email carlosam@usp.br
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

4. A Fardet & E Rock (2014) Toward a new philosophy of preventive nutrition: from a reductionist to a holistic paradigm to improve nutritional recommendations. Adv Nutr 5, 430446.

6. A Fardet (2015) A shift toward a new holistic paradigm will help to preserve and better process grain products’ food structure for improving their health effects. Food Funct 6, 363382.

7. DR Jacobs , MA Pereira , KA Meyer et al. (2000) Fiber from whole grains, but not refined grains, is inversely associated with all-cause mortality in older women: the Iowa women’s health study. J Am Coll Nutr 19, 3 Suppl., S326S330.

8. ER Miller 3rd, R Pastor-Barriuso , D Dalal et al. (2005) Meta-analysis: high-dosage vitamin E supplementation may increase all-cause mortality. Ann Intern Med 142, 3746.

9. GS Omenn , GE Goodman , MD Thornquist et al. (1996) Effects of a combination of β carotene and vitamin A on lung cancer and cardiovascular disease. N Engl J Med 334, 11501155.

10. EA Klein , IM Thompson Jr, CM Tangen et al. (2011) Vitamin E and the risk of prostate cancer: the selenium and vitamin E cancer prevention trial (SELECT). JAMA 306, 15491556.

12. S Mintz & C Du Bois (2002) The anthropology of food and eating. Annu Rev Anthropol 31, 99119.

14. CA Monteiro & G Cannon (2012) The impact of transnational ‘big food’ companies on the South: a view from Brazil. PLoS Med 9, e1001252.

16. B Margetts , D Warm , A Yngve et al. (2001) Developing an evidence-based approach to Public Health Nutrition: translating evidence into policy. Public Health Nutr 4, 13931397.

17. A Kroke , H Boeing , K Rossnagel et al. (2004) History of the concept of ‘levels of evidence’ and their current status in relation to primary prevention through lifestyle interventions. Public Health Nutr 7, 279284.

27. J-C Moubarac , D Parra , G Cannon et al. (2014) Food classification systems based on food processing: significance and implications for policies and actions. A systematic literature review and assessment. Curr Obes Rep 3, 256272.

28. MLC Louzada , AP Martins , D Canella et al. (2015) Ultra-processed foods and the nutritional dietary profile in Brazil. Rev Saude Publica (Epublication ahead of print version).

30. D Katz & S Meller (2014) Can we say what diet is best for health? Annu Rev Public Health 35, 83103.

35. M Jalava , M Kummu , M Porkka et al. (2014) Diet change – a solution to reduce water use? Environ Res Lett 9, 114.

36. D Tilman & M Clark (2014) Global diets link environmental sustainability and human health. Nature 515, 518522.

39. PC West , JS Gerber , PM Engstrom et al. (2014) Leverage points for improving global food security and the environment. Science 345, 325328.

40. AC Furnival & SM Pinheiro (2008) A percepção pública da informação sobre os potenciais riscos dos transgênicos na cadeia alimentar. Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos 15, 277290.

41. C Macilwain (2010) World view: talking the talk. Nature 465, 867.

43. A Wezel , S Bellon , T Doré et al. (2009) Agroecology as a science, a movement and a practice. A review. Agron Sustain Dev 29, 503515.

44. MJ Chappell & LA LaValle (2011) Food security and biodiversity: can we have both? An agroecological analysis. Agric Hum Values 28, 326.

46. FA DeClerck , J Fanzo , C Palm et al. (2011) Ecological approaches to human nutrition. Food Nutr Bull 32, 1 Suppl., S41S50.

47. JC Moubarac , AP Martins , RM Claro et al. (2012) Consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impact on human health. Evidence from Canada. Public Health Nutr 16, 22402248.

49. DS Ludwig (2011) Technology, diet, and the burden of chronic disease. JAMA 305, 13521353.

50. R Moodie , D Stuckler , C Monteiro et al. (2013) Profits and pandemics: prevention of harmful effects of tobacco, alcohol, and ultra-processed food and drink industries. Lancet 381, 670679.

52. D Simmons & G Chapman (2012) The significance of home cooking within families. Br Food J 114, 11841195.

53. AP Martins , RB Levy , RM Claro et al. (2013) Increased contribution of ultra-processed food products in the Brazilian diet (1987–2009). Rev Saude Publica 47, 656665.

54. JC Moubarac , M Batal , AP Martins et al. (2014) Processed and ultra-processed food products: consumption trends in Canada from 1938 to 2011. Can J Diet Pract Res 75, 1521.

55. M Crovetto & R Uauy (2012) Changes in processed food expenditure in the population of Metropolitan Santiago in the last twenty years. Rev Med Chil 140, 305312 (in Spanish).

56. F Juul & E Hemmingsson (2015) Trends in consumption of ultra-processed foods and obesity in Sweden between 1960 and 2010. Public Health Nutr (Epublication ahead of print version).

57. AJ McMichael (2013) Globalization, climate change, and human health. N Engl J Med 368, 13351343.

58. D Stuckler & M Nestle (2012) Big Food, food systems, and global health. PLoS Med 9, e1001242.

59. M Ercsey-Ravasz , Z Toroczkai , Z Lakner et al. (2012) Complexity of the international agro-food trade network and its impact on food safety. PLoS One 7, e37810.

60. A Trichopoulou & P Lagiou (1997) Healthy traditional Mediterranean diet: an expression of culture, history, and lifestyle. Nutr Rev 55, 383389.

61. MJ Lee , BM Popkin & S Kim (2002) The unique aspects of the nutrition transition in South Korea: the retention of healthful elements in their traditional diet. Public Health Nutr 5, 197203.

63. JC Moubarac , RM Claro , LG Baraldi et al. (2013) International differences in cost and consumption of ready-to-consume food and drink products: United Kingdom and Brazil, 2008–2009. Glob Public Health 8, 845856.

69. M Redclift (1987) Sustainable Development: Exploring the Contradictions. London: Methuen.

71. N Klein (2014) This Changes Everything. Capitalism versus the Climate. New York: Simon and Schuster.

73. SI Venancio , SR Saldiva & CA Monteiro (2013) Secular trends in breastfeeding in Brazil. Rev Saude Publica 47, 12051208.

74. CA Monteiro , TM Cavalcante , EC Moura et al. (2007) Population-based evidence of a strong decline in the prevalence of smokers in Brazil (1989–2003). Bull World Health Organ 85, 527534.

75. CA Monteiro , JC Moubarac , G Cannon et al. (2013) Ultra-processed products are becoming dominant in the global food system. Obes Rev 14, Suppl. 2, S21S28.

76. CA Monteiro , FS Gomes & G Cannon (2010) The snack attack. Am J Public Health 100, 975981.

77. DS Canella , RB Levy , AP Martins et al. (2014) Ultra-processed food products and obesity in Brazilian households (2008–2009). PLoS One 9, e92752.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 110
Total number of PDF views: 588 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 765 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.