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Dietary profile of urban adult population in South India in the context of chronic disease epidemiology (CURES – 68)

  • Ganesan Radhika (a1), Rangaswamy M Sathya (a1), Anbazhagan Ganesan (a1), Raghavan Saroja (a1), Parthasarathy Vijayalakshmi (a1), Vasudevan Sudha (a1) and Viswanathan Mohan (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001000203X
  • Published online: 12 August 2010
Abstract
AbstractObjective

Few dietary surveys have been done with reference to chronic diseases, such as diabetes, in India, which is considered to be the diabetes capital of the world. We report on the dietary intake of urban adults living in Chennai, South India.

Design

A population-based cross-sectional study.

Setting

A representative population of urban Chennai in southern India.

Subjects

The study population comprised 2042 individuals aged ≥20 years selected from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiological Study (CURES). Dietary intake was measured using a validated and previously published interviewer-administered semi-quantitative meal-based FFQ.

Results

The mean daily energy intake was 10 393 (sd 2347) kJ (male: 10953 (sd 2364) kJ v. female: 9832 (sd 233) kJ). Carbohydrates were the major source of energy (64 %), followed by fat (24 %) and protein (12 %). Refined cereals contributed to the bulk of the energy (45·8 %), followed by visible fats and oils (12·4 %) and pulses and legumes (7·8 %). However, energy supply from sugar and sweetened beverages was within the recommended levels. Intake of micronutrient-rich foods, such as fruit and vegetable consumption (265 g/d), and fish and seafoods (20 g/d), was far below the FAO/WHO recommendation. Dairy and meat products intake was within the national recommended intake.

Conclusions

The diet of this urban South Indian population consists mainly of refined cereals with low intake of fish, fruit and vegetables, and all of these could possibly contribute to the risk of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes in this population.

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14.G Radhika , RM Van Dam , V Sudha (2009) Refined grain consumption and the metabolic syndrome in urban Asian Indians (Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study 57). Metabolism 58, 675681.

19.G Radhika , A Ganesan , RM Sathya (2009) Dietary glycemic load and high density lipoprotein cholesterol among south Indian adults. Eur J Clin Nutr 63, 413420.

22.V Mohan , S Shanthirani , R Deepa (2001) Intra-urban differences in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in southern India – The Chennai Urban Population Study (CUPS no. 4). Diabet Med 18, 280287.

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