1Kluger, R. Ashes to Ashes: America's Hundred-Year Cigarette War, the Public Health, and the Unabashed Triumph of Philip Morris. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996.
2Barnes, DE, Bero, LA. Why review articles on the health effects of passive smoking reach different conclusions. JAMA 1998; 279: 1566–70.
3Cho, MK, Bero, LA. The quality of drug studies published in symposium proceedings. Ann. Intern. Med. 1996; 124: 485–9.
4Soley, LC. Leasing the Ivory Tower: The Corporate Takeover of Academia. Boston, MA: South End Press, 1995.
5Relman, AS. Separating continuing medical education from pharmaceutical marketing. JAMA 2001; 285: 2009–12.
6Moses, H, Martin, JB. Academic relationships with industry: a new model for biomedical research. JAMA 2001; 285: 933–5.
7Rosenthal, B, Jacobson, M, Bohm, M. Feeding at the company trough. Congressional Record, 08 26, 1976; H8974–7.
8Cannon, G. The Politics of Food. London: Century Hutchinson, 1987.
9Dietary Guidelines Alliance. Reaching Consumers with Meaningful Health Messages: A Handbook for Nutrition and Food Communicators. Chicago, IL: Dietary Guidelines Alliance, 1996.
10Owen, BM, Braeutigam, R. The Regulation Game: Strategic Use of the Administrative Process. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1978; 7.
11Nestle, M. Food Politics: How the Food Industry Influences Nutrition and Health. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002 (in press).
12Shell, ER. The Hippocratic wars. New York Times Magazine, 06 28, 1998; 34–8.
13American Dietetic Association and American Dietetic Association Foundation. 1999 ADA/F Annual Report [Online]. Available: http://www.eatright.org/ (2000, 13 04).
14Angell, M. Is academic medicine for sale?. N. Engl. J. Med. 2000; 342: 1516–8.
15Altman, LK. New England Journal of Medicine names third editor in a year. New York Times, 05 12, 2000; A20.
16Wazana, A. Physicians and the pharmaceutical industry: is a gift ever just a gift?. JAMA 2000; 283: 373–80.
17Wilde, P. Media coverage spurs fad for vitamin pills, after year-long industry effort. Nutrition Week, 05 22, 1992; 1–6.
18Blumenthal, D, Campbell, EG, Causino, N, Louis, KS. Participation of life-science faculty in research relationships with industry. N. Engl. J. Med. 1996; 335: 1734–9.
19Krimsky, S, Rothenberg, LS, Kyle, G, Stott, P. Financial interests of authors in scientific journals: a pilot study of 14 publications. Sci. Eng. Ethics. 1996; 2: 395–410.
20Stelfox, HT, Chua, G, O'Rourke, K, Detsky, AS. Conflict of interest in the debate over calcium-channel antagonists. N. Engl. J. Med. 1998; 338: 101–6.
21Bero, LA. Accepting commercial sponsorship: disclosure helps – but is not a panacea. Brit. Med. J. 1999; 319: 653–4.
22Friedberg, M, Saffran, B, Stinson, TJ, Nelson, W, Bennett, CL. Evaluation of conflict of interest in economic analyses of new drugs used in oncology. JAMA 1999; 282: 1453–7.
23Bero, LA, Barnes, D. Industry affiliations and scientific conclusions [letter]. JAMA 1998; 280: 1142.
24Avoid financial ‘correctness’: insistence that authors declare business interests in papers is beside the point [editorial]. Nature 1997; 385: 469.
25Campbell, P, Dhand, R. Nature insight: obesity. Nature 2000; 404: 631–77.
26Bray, GA, Tartaglia, LA. Medicinal strategies in the treatment of obesity. Nature 2000; 404: 672–7.
27Squires, S. Food and choice: Heart Association's plan to endorse certain products is a bold gamble in educating a confused public. Washington Post Health, 07 5, 1988; 9.
28Sugarman, C. What price approval? Heart Association's planraises food firms' pressure. Washington Post, 08 30, 1989; E1, E4.
29Parachini, A. Food fight: Heart Association plan to label ‘healthy’ foods drawing fire from agencies, nutritionists. Washington Post, 08 2, 1988; E1, E6.
30 State attorneys general support FDA position on AHA HeartGuide label. Nutrition Week, 02 8, 1990; 1.
31American Institute of Nutrition and The American Society for Clinical Nutrition. Objections to ‘Seal of Approval Programs’. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1990; 51(4): unpaginated.
32Angier, N. Heart Association cancels its program to rate foods. New York Times, 04 3, 1990; A1, C6.
33American Heart Association. Food for thought [flier]. 10, 1997.
34Kellogg Company. Letter in press release addressed to Dear Health Professional. Battle Creek, MI, 02, 1997.
36Raeburn, P. The Heart Association is selling its soul. Business Week, 11 24, 1997; 96.
37Florida Grapefruit Juice. Fight heart disease; drink Florida Grapefruit Juice [advertisement]. New York Times, 10 29, 1997; F4.
38Burros, M. Additives in advice on food. New York Times, 11 15, 1995; C1, C5.
39American Dietetic Association. Position of the American Dietetic Association: nutrition education for the public. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1996; 96: 1183–7.
40McDonald's Corporation. American Dietetic Association and McDonald's partner to teach kids the fundamentals of nutrition [news release]. Oak Brook, IL, 02 24, 1993.
41American Dietetic Association. Nutrition Fact Sheets [Online]. Available: http://www.eatright.org/ (1997, 11 15; 2000, 04 10).
42Gallagher, A. Taking a stand on emerging issues. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 2000; 100: 410.
43Kellogg's full-page colour advertisement. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 2000; 100: 496.
44 Kellogg's claim for heart benefits challenged by CSPI. Food Regulation Weekly, 07 3, 2000; 10.
45American Dietetic Association. Code of ethics for the profession of dietetics. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1999; 99: 109–13.
46McNutt, K. Conflict of interest. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1999; 99: 29–30.
47Rock, CL. Conflict of interest: an import issue in nutrition research and communications. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1999; 99: 31–2.
48Food and Nutrition Board. Toward Healthful Diets. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 1980.
49Brody, JE. Experts assail report declaring curb on cholesterol isn't needed. New York Times, 06 1, 1980; A1.
50Broad, WJ. Academy says curb on cholesterol not needed. Science 1980; 208: 1354–5.
51Wade, N. Food Board's fat report hits fire. Science 1980; 209: 248–9.
52 National Academy of Sciences tightens its grip on the Food and Nutrition Board. Nutrition Today, 01/02 1984; 31–2.
53Krimsky, S, Rothenberg, LS. Financial interest and its disclosure in scientific publications. JAMA 1998; 280: 225–6.
54Food and Drug Administration. Final guidance on industry-supported scientific and educational activities: notice. Federal Register; 62: 64074–100 (12 3, 1997).
55Stolberg, SG. New rules will force doctors to disclose ties to drug industry. New York Times, 02 3, 1998; A12.
57British Medical Journal. Declaration of competing interest: guidance for authors [Online]. Available: http://www.bmj.com/guides (1999, 17 07).
58Krimsky, S, Rothenberg, LS. Conflict of interest policies in science and medical journals: editorial practices and author disclosures. Sci. Eng. Ethics. 2001; 7: 205–18.
59Meydani, SN, Meydani, M, Leka, L, Blumberg, J. Vitamin E supplementation and immune response in elderly patients [letter]. JAMA 1998; 279: 505–6.
60Rothman, KJ. Conflict of interest: the new McCarthyism in science. JAMA 1993; 269: 2782–4.
61Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. Commercial sponsorship in the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. London: Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, 1999.
62Kassirer, JP. Financial indigestion. JAMA 2000; 284: 2156–7.
63Bero, LA. Disclosure policies for gifts from industry to academic faculty. JAMA 1998; 279: 1031.
64 US Department of Health and Human Services. Financial relationships in clinical research: issues for institutions, clinical investigators, and IRBs to consider when dealing with issues of financial interests and human subject protection [Online]. Available: http://ohrp.osophs.dhhs.gov/ (2001, 11 04).
65Tobin, DS, Dwyer, J, Gussow, JD. Cooperative relationships between professional societies and the food industry: opportunities or problems?. Nutr. Rev. 1992; 50: 300–306.
66Levine, J, Gussow, JD. Consider the source. New York Times, 09 30, 1994; A31.