Ezzati, M, Lopez, AD, Rodgers, A
et al. (editors) (2004) Comparative Quantification of Health Risks: Global and Regional Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risk Factors, vol. 1. Geneva: WHO.
Black, JL & Billette, J-M (2013) Do Canadians meet Canada’s Food Guide’s recommendations for fruits and vegetables?
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab
Colley, RC, Garriguet, D, Janssen, I
et al. (2011) Physical activity of Canadian adults: accelerometer results from the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Health Rep
Krueger, H, Turner, D, Krueger, J
et al. (2014) The economic benefits of risk factor reduction in Canada: tobacco smoking, excess weight and physical inactivity. Can J Public Health
Anis, AH, Zhang, W, Bansback, N
et al. (2010) Obesity and overweight in Canada: an updated cost-of-illness study. Obes Rev
Birmingham, CL, Muller, JL, Palepu, A
et al. (1999) The cost of obesity in Canada. CMAJ
Finkelstein, MM (2001) Obesity, cigarette smoking and the cost of physicians’ services in Ontario. Can J Public Health
Katzmarzyk, PT & Janssen, I (2004) The economic costs associated with physical inactivity and obesity in Canada: an update. Can J Appl Physiol
Moffatt, E, Shack, LG, Petz, GJ
et al. (2011) The cost of obesity and overweight in 2005: a case study of Alberta, Canada. Can J Public Health
Kuhle, S, Kirk, S, Ohinmaa, A
et al. (2011) Use and cost of health services among overweight and obese Canadian children. Int J Pediatr Obes
Cadilhac, DA, Magnus, A, Sheppard, L
et al. (2011) The societal benefits of reducing six behavioural risk factors: an economic modelling study from Australia. BMC Public Health
Scarborough, P, Bhatnagar, P, Wickramasinghe, KK
et al. (2011) The economic burden of ill health due to diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and obesity in the UK: an update to 2006–07 NHS costs. J Public Health (Oxf)
Krueger, H, Krueger, J & Koot, J (2015) Variation across Canada in the economic burden attributable to excess weight, tobacco smoking and physical inactivity. Can J Public Health
Krueger, H, Williams, D, Ready, AE
et al. (2013) Improved estimation of the health and economic burden of chronic disease risk factors in Manitoba. Chronic Dis Inj Can
World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (2007) Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective. Washington, DC: American Institute for Cancer Research.
Li, M, Fan, Y, Zhang, X
et al. (2014) Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. BMJ Open
Vieira, AR, Abar, L, Vingeliene, S
et al. (2016) Fruits, vegetables and lung cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Oncol
Aune, D, Chan, DS, Vieira, AR
et al. (2012) Fruits, vegetables and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Breast Cancer Res Treat
Vieira, AR, Vingeliene, S, Chan, DS
et al. (2015) Fruits, vegetables, and bladder cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Cancer Med
Murray, CJ, Ezzati, M, Lopez, AD
et al. (2003) Comparative quantification of health risks conceptual framework and methodological issues. Popul Health Metr
Johnson, JA, Pohar, SL & Majumdar, SR (2006) Health care use and costs in the decade after identification of type 1 and type 2 diabetes: a population-based study. Diabetes Care
Canadian Institute for Health Information (2015) National Health Expenditure Trends, 1975 to 2015. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Institute for Health Information.
Health Canada (2002) Economic Burden of Illness in Canada, 1998. Ottawa, ON: Health Canada.
World Health Organization (2003) Population nutrient intake goals for preventing diet-related chronic diseases. In Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series no. 916. http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/AC911E/ac911e07.htm#bm07.1.2 (accessed October 2016).
Key, TJ (2011) Fruit and vegetables and cancer risk. Br J Cancer
Joshipura, KJ, Ascherio, A, Manson, JE
et al. (1999) Fruit and vegetable intake in relation to risk of ischemic stroke. JAMA
Hu, FB (2003) Plant-based foods and prevention of cardiovascular disease: an overview. Am J Clin Nutr
78, 3 Suppl., 544S–551S.