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Energy requirements and aging

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2007

Susan B Roberts*
Affiliation:
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington St., Boston, MA 02111, USA
Gerard E Dallal
Affiliation:
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington St., Boston, MA 02111, USA
*
*Corresponding author: Email susan.roberts@tufts.edu
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Abstract

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Objective

To summarise the literature on energy requirements and aging.

Design

An analysis and review of published data on components of energy expenditure and total energy expenditure (TEE).

Setting

Data on basal metabolic rate (BMR) and TEE were obtained from the US Institute of Medicine of the National Academies database (all available data from studies published before 2001, collected from 20 researchers willing to provide individual subject results).

Subjects

Those individuals from the database who were 20–100 years of age.

Results

TEE and physical activity level (PAL, defined as the ratio of total to resting energy expenditure) declined progressively throughout adult life in both normal weight and overweight men and women. In normal weight individuals (defined as body mass index (BMI) 18.5–25.0 kg m-2) TEE fell by ≈150 kcal per decade, and PAL fell from an average of 1.75 in the second decade of life to 1.28 in the ninth decade. Thermic effect of feeding data from other published studies indicated no consistent change associated with aging.

Conclusions

Aging is associated with progressive declines in resting and TEE, which have implications for defining dietary energy requirements at different stages of adult life.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Authors 2005

References

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