Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The impact of a school-based nutrition education intervention on dietary intake and cognitive and attitudinal variables relating to fruits and vegetables

  • AS Anderson (a1), LEG Porteous (a1), E Foster (a2), C Higgins (a3), M Stead (a4), M Hetherington (a5), M-A Ha (a1) and AJ Adamson (a2)...
Abstract
AbstractObjective

To assess the impact of a school-based nutrition education intervention aimed at increasing the consumption of fruits and vegetables.

Design

The intervention programme increased the provision of fruits and vegetables in schools and provided a range of point-of-purchase marketing materials, newsletters for children and parents, and teacher information. Curriculum materials at age 6–7 and 10–11 years were also developed and utilised. Evaluation was undertaken with groups of younger (aged 6–7 years) and older (aged 10–11 years) children. Methods included 3-day dietary records with interview and cognitive and attitudinal measures at baseline, with follow-up at 9 months, in intervention and control schools.

Setting

The work was undertaken in primary schools in Dundee, Scotland.

Subjects

Subjects comprised 511 children in two intervention schools with a further 464 children from two schools acting as controls.

Results

Children (n = 64) in the intervention schools had an average increase in fruit intake (133±1.9 to 183±17.0 g day-1) that was significantly (P < 0.05) greater than the increase (100±11.7 to 107±14.2 g day-1) estimated in children (n = 65) in control schools. No other changes in food or nutrient intake were detected. Increases in scores for variables relating to knowledge about fruits and vegetables and subjective norms were also greater in the intervention than in the control group, although taste preferences for fruits and vegetables were unchanged.

Conclusions

It is concluded that a whole school approach to increasing intakes of fruits and vegetables has a modest but significant effect on cognitive and attitudinal variables and on fruit intake.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The impact of a school-based nutrition education intervention on dietary intake and cognitive and attitudinal variables relating to fruits and vegetables
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The impact of a school-based nutrition education intervention on dietary intake and cognitive and attitudinal variables relating to fruits and vegetables
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The impact of a school-based nutrition education intervention on dietary intake and cognitive and attitudinal variables relating to fruits and vegetables
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email a.s.anderson@dundee.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2 AR Ness , JW Powles . Fruit and vegetables, and cardiovascular disease: a review. International Journal of Epidemiology 1997; 26: 113.

3 TJ Key , NE Allen , EA Spencer , RC Travis . The effect of diet on risk of cancer. Lancet 2002; 360: 360861.

5 S Havas , J Heimendinger , K Reynolds , T Baranowski , TA Nicklas , D Bishop , 5 a day for better health: a new research initiative. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1994; 94: 32–6.

8 CM Wright , L Parker , D Lamont , AW Craft . Implications of childhood obesity for adult health: findings from the thousand families cohort study. British Medical Journal 2001; 323: 1280–4.

9 LL Birch . Development of food preferences. Annual Review of Nutrition 1997; 19: 4162.

10 J Wardle , LJ Cooke , EL Gibson , M Sapochnik , A Sheiham , M Lawson . Increasing children's acceptance of vegetables; a randomized trial of parent-led exposure. Appetite 2000; 40: 155–62.

11 L Lytle , C Achterberg . Changing the diet of America's children: what works and why? Journal of Nutrition Education 1997; 27: 250–60.

12 IM Young . Health eating policy in schools: an evaluation of effects on pupils' knowledge, attitude and behaviour. Health Education Journal 1997; 52: 39.

15 LL Birch , SI Zimmerman , H Hind . The influence of social affective context on the formation of children's food preferences. Child Development 1980; 51: 856–61.

22 B Holland , J Brown , DH Buss . Fish and Fish Products. Third Supplement to McCance & Widdowson's The Composition of Foods 5th ed. Royal Society of Chemistry and Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. London: HMSO, 1993.

27 TA Nicklas , CC Johnson , L Myers , RP Farris , A Cunningham . Outcomes of a high school program to increase fruit and vegetable consumption: Gimme 5 – a fresh nutrition concept for students. Journal of School Health 1998; 68: 248–53.

28 CL Perry , D Bishop , G Taylor , D Murray , RW Mays , BS Dudovitz , Changing fruit and vegetable consumption among children: The 5 A Day Power Plus programme in St Paul, Minnesota. American Journal of Public Health 1998; 88: 603–9.

29 T Baranowski , M Davis , K Resnicow , J Baranowski , C Doyle , LS Lin , Gimme 5 fruit, juice, and vegetables for fun and health: outcome evaluation. Health Education & Behavior 2000; 27: 96111.

32 LL Birch , L McPhee , BC Shoba , E Pirok , L Steinberg . What kind of exposure reduces children's neophobia? Appetite 1987; 9: 171–8.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 829 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 576 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 28th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.