Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 60
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Matarma, Tanja Koski, Pasi Löyttyniemi, Eliisa and Lagström, Hanna 2016. The factors associated with toddlers’ screen time change in the STEPS Study: A two-year follow-up. Preventive Medicine, Vol. 84, p. 27.


    Forde, Cuisle and Hussey, Juliette 2015. How Children Use Active Videogames and the Association Between Screen Time and Physical Activity. Games for Health Journal, Vol. 4, Issue. 4, p. 312.


    Ozlem, Orhan 2015. The relationship between physical activity level, body mass index, and body fat percentage in urban and rural elementary school students. Educational Research and Reviews, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 69.


    Peck, Travis Scharf, Rebecca J. Conaway, Mark R. and DeBoer, Mark D. 2015. Viewing as little as 1 hour of TV daily is associated with higher change in BMI between kindergarten and first grade. Obesity, Vol. 23, Issue. 8, p. 1680.


    Tucker, Larry A. Arens, Peter J. LeCheminant, James D. and Bailey, Bruce W. 2015. Television Viewing Time and Measured Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Adult Women. American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 29, Issue. 5, p. 285.


    Arango, Carlos M. Parra, Diana C. Gómez, Luis F. Lema, Lucía Lobelo, Felipe and Ekelund, Ulf 2014. Screen time, cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity among school-age children from Monteria, Colombia. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 17, Issue. 5, p. 491.


    Poethko-Müller, Christina and Krug, Susanne 2014. Social and health related risk factors for low cardio respiratory fitness in German adolescents: results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS). Journal of Public Health, Vol. 22, Issue. 2, p. 187.


    Santos, Rute Mota, Jorge Okely, Anthony David Pratt, Michael Moreira, Carla Coelho-e-Silva, Manuel João Vale, Susana and Sardinha, Luis B 2014. The independent associations of sedentary behaviour and physical activity on cardiorespiratory fitness. British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 48, Issue. 20, p. 1508.


    Saunders, Travis J. Chaput, Jean-Philippe and Tremblay, Mark S. 2014. Sedentary Behaviour as an Emerging Risk Factor for Cardiometabolic Diseases in Children and Youth. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Vol. 38, Issue. 1, p. 53.


    Dobbins, Maureen Husson, Heather DeCorby, Kara LaRocca, Rebecca L and Dobbins, Maureen 2013. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.


    Rietsch, Katrin Eccard, Jana A. and Scheffler, Christiane 2013. Decreased external skeletal robustness due to reduced physical activity?. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 25, Issue. 3, p. 404.


    Sandercock, Gavin R.H. and Ogunleye, Ayodele A. 2013. Independence of physical activity and screen time as predictors of cardiorespiratory fitness in youth. Pediatric Research, Vol. 73, Issue. 5, p. 692.


    Carson, Valerie and Janssen, Ian 2012. The mediating effects of dietary habits on the relationship between television viewing and body mass index among youth. Pediatric Obesity, Vol. 7, Issue. 5, p. 391.


    Mavrovouniotis, Fotios 2012. Inactivity in Childhood and Adolescence: A Modern Lifestyle Associated with Adverse Health Consequences. Sport Science Review, Vol. XXI, Issue. 3-4,


    Ogunleye, A. A. Voss, C. and Sandercock, G. R. 2012. Prevalence of high screen time in English youth: association with deprivation and physical activity. Journal of Public Health, Vol. 34, Issue. 1, p. 46.


    Sandercock, Gavin R.H. and Ogunleye, Ayodele A. 2012. Screen time and passive school travel as independent predictors of cardiorespiratory fitness in youth. Preventive Medicine, Vol. 54, Issue. 5, p. 319.


    Vasques, Catarina Mota, Maria Correia, Teresa and Lopes, Vítor 2012. Prevalence of overweight/obesity and its association with sedentary behavior in children. Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia, Vol. 31, Issue. 12, p. 783.


    Vasques, Catarina Mota, Maria Correia, Teresa and Lopes, Vítor 2012. Prevalence of overweight/obesity and its association with sedentary behavior in children. Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia (English Edition), Vol. 31, Issue. 12, p. 783.


    Hands, Beth P. Chivers, Paola T. Parker, Helen E. Beilin, Lawrence Kendall, Garth and Larkin, Dawne 2011. The associations between physical activity, screen time and weight from 6 to 14 yrs: The Raine Study. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 14, Issue. 5, p. 397.


    Jordan, Amy B. and Chernin†, Ariel 2011. Global Perspectives on Childhood Obesity.


    ×

Is TV viewing an index of physical activity and fitness in overweight and normal weight children?

  • A Grund (a1), H Krause (a2), M Siewers (a2), H Rieckert (a2) and MJ Müller (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PHN2001178
  • Published online: 01 January 2007
Abstract
AbstractObjective:

To assess relationships between TV viewing and body composition, energy expenditure, physical activity, fitness and nutrition habits in prepubertal children.

Design:

Cross-sectional study.

Subjects:

Sixty prepubertal children (mean body mass index: 20.8 kg m−2, age: 5–11 years, overweight: n=52, normal weight: n=8).

Methods:

TV consumption, socio-economic status (SES) and nutrition habits were estimated by questionnaires. Fat mass and fat-free mass were assessed by anthropometrics and bioelectrical impedance analysis, and resting energy expenditure by indirect calorimetry. Total energy expenditure was measured by a combination of indirect calorimetry and individually calibrated 24-hour heart rate (HR) monitoring. Activity-related energy expenditure and physical activity level were calculated. Aerobic fitness (VO2 submax) was determined by ergometry, muscle strength (musculus quadriceps, musculus ischiocruralis) was measured by computer tensiometry. Children were stratified according to their daily TV consumption: <=1 h of TV per day (group I) and >1 h of TV per day (group II).

Results:

When compared with children of group I, children of group II had increased body weight, body mass index, skinfolds, fat mass and prevalence of overweight (P<0.05 and <0.01, respectively). By contrast, fat-free mass, energy expenditure, measures of physical activity and muscle strength were similar. Children of group II had normal absolute VO2 submax but reduced adjusted VO2 submax (P<0.05). They also had parents with a lower educational level (P<0.05). Similar nutritional habits were observed in both groups. There were no significant differences in the observed parameters between children with high (1–3 h day−1) and very high (>3 h day−1) TV viewing.

Conclusions:

There is a positive relationship between TV viewing and fatness. Increased TV viewing does not reflect reduced 24-hour energy expenditure as assessed by 24-hour HR monitoring, submaximal VO2, muscle strength or poor dietary intake. Increased TV consumption is associated with a low SES.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Is TV viewing an index of physical activity and fitness in overweight and normal weight children?
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Is TV viewing an index of physical activity and fitness in overweight and normal weight children?
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Is TV viewing an index of physical activity and fitness in overweight and normal weight children?
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email mmueller@nutrfoodsc.uni-kiel.de
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2M Deheeger , MF Rolland-Cachera , AM Fontvieille . Physical activity and body composition in 10 year old French children: linkages with nutritional intake? Int. J. Obes. 1997; 21: 372–9.

4JO Hill , JC Peters . Environmental contributions to the obesity epidemic. Science 1998; 280: 1371–4.

5K Anastassea-Vlachou , H Fryssira-Kanioura , D Papathanasiou-Klontza , A Xipolita-Zachariadi , N Matsaniotis . The effects of television viewing in Greece, and the role of the paediatrician: a familiar triangle revisited. Eur. J. Pediatr. 1996; 155: 1057–60.

10MI Goran , KD Reynolds , CH Lindquist . Role of physical activity in the prevention of obesity in children. Int. J. Obes. 1999; 23(3): 1833.

11KR Westernerp . Obesity and physical activity. Int. J. Obes. 1999; 23: 5964.

12WL Haskell , MC Yee , A Evans , PJ Irby . Simultaneous measurement of heart rate and body motion to quantitate physical activity. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 1993; 25: 109–15.

16RE Anderson , CJ Crespo , SJ Bartlett , LJ Cheskin , M Pratt . Relationship of physical activity and television watching with body weight and level of fatness among children. JAMA 1998; 279: 938–42.

18B Glenmark , G Hedberg , E Jansson . Prediction of physical activity level in adulthood by physical characteristics, physical performance and physical activity in adolescence: an 11-year follow-up study. Eur. J. Appl.Physiol. 1994; 69: 530–8.

19JM Hughes , L Li , S Chinn , RJ Rona . Trends in growth in England and Scotland, 1972 to 1994. Arch. Dis. Child. 1997; 76: 182–9.

20RW Jeffery , SA French . Epidemic obesity in the United States: are fast foods and television viewing contributing? Am. J. Public Health 1998; 88: 277–80.

24B Hernandez , SL Gortmaker , GA Golditz , KE Peterson , NM Laird , E Parra-Cabrera . Association of obesity with physical activity, television programs and other forms of video viewing among children in Mexico City. Int. J. Obes. 1999; 23: 845–54.

26MJ Müller , M Mast , I Koertzinger , A Grund , K Langnäse . Physical activity and diet in 5 to 7 years old children. Public Health Nutr. 1999; 2(3a): 443–4.

27M Story , P Faulkner . The prime time diet: a content analysis of eating behaviour and food messages in television program content and commercials. Am. J. Public Health 1990; 80: 738–40.

28TN Robinson . Does television cause childhood obesity? JAMA 1998; 279: 959–60.

30M Mast , I Körtzinger , E König , MJ Müller . Gender differences in fat mass of 5–7 year old children. Int. J. Obes. 1998; 22: 878–84.

38YY Zhang , MC Johnson , N Chow , K Wassermann . The role of fitness on VO2 and VCO2 kinetics in response to proportional step increases in work rate. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1991; 63: 94100.

39T Rerybrouck , L Mertens , D Schepers , J Vinckx , M Gewillig . Assessment of cardiorespiratory exercise function in obese children and adolescents by body mass-independent parameters. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1997; 75: 478–83.

40A Grund , H Vollbrecht , W Frandsen , H Krause , M Siewers , H Rieckert , MJ Müller . No effect of gender on different components of daily energy expenditure in free living prepubertal children. Int. J. Obes. 2000; 24: 17.

41A Grund , B Dilba , K Forberger , H Krause , M Siewers , H Rieckert , MJ Müller . Relationships between physical activity, physical fitness, muscle strength and nutritional state in 5- to 11-year-old children. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2000; 82: 425–38.

45AD Salbe , AM Fontvieille , IT Harper , E Ravussin . Low levels of physical activity in 5-year-old children. J. Pediatr. 1997; 423–9.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: