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The Italian National Food Consumption Survey INRAN-SCAI 2005–06: main results in terms of food consumption

  • Catherine Leclercq (a1), Davide Arcella, Raffaela Piccinelli (a1), Stefania Sette (a1), Cinzia Le Donne (a1) and Aida Turrini on behalf of the INRAN-SCAI 2005–06 Study Group...
Abstract
AbstractObjective

The current paper aims to present the main results of the Italian National Food Consumption Survey INRAN-SCAI 2005–06.

Design

A cross-sectional study was performed. Households were randomly selected after geographical stratification of the national territory. Food consumption was assessed on three consecutive days through individual estimated dietary records.

Setting

Italy.

Subjects

The final study sample comprised 3323 subjects (1501 males and 1822 females) aged 0·1 to 97·7 years belonging to 1329 households: fifty-two infants (0–2·9 years), 193 children (3–9·9 years), 247 teenagers (10–17·9 years), 2313 adults (18–64·9 years) and 518 elderly (65 years and above).

Results

Participation rate was 33 %. The mean ratio of estimated energy intake to estimated BMR was 1·41 in adults. Indicators of mean and high individual consumption are presented for fifteen large categories and fifty-one subcategories of foods and beverages, in the total population and in consumers, by age and sex categories. The overall consumption of fruit and vegetables was 418 g/d. The consumption of red meat was approximately 700 g/week, expressed as raw weight. Some specific aspects of the Italian food consumption pattern were confirmed: a large contribution from bread, pasta and pizza to cereals, from olive oil to fats and from wine to alcoholic beverages.

Conclusions

The database obtained from the survey will be the key reference for Italian food consumption during the coming years and will be utilized for a variety of purposes including the assessment of nutrient intakes and risk analysis.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email leclercq@inran.it
Linked references
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

4. A Turrini , A Saba , D Perrone , E Cialfa & A D’Amicis (2001) Food consumption patterns in Italy: the INN-CA Study 1994–96. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 571588.

6. C Leclercq , D Berardi , MR Sorbillo & J Lambe (1999) Intake of saccharin, aspartame, acesulfame K and cyclamate in Italian teenagers: present levels and projections. Food Addit Contam 16, 99109.

7. C Leclercq , R Piccinelli , D Arcella & C Le Donne (2004) Food consumption and nutrient intake in a sample of Italian secondary school students. Results from the INRAN-RM-2001 food survey. Int J Food Sci Nutr 55, 265277.

13. P Verger , J Ireland , A Møller , JA Abravicius , S De Henauw & Naska A for the EFCOSUM Group (2002) Improvement of comparability of dietary intake assessment using currently available individual food consumption surveys. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, Suppl. 2, S18S24.

14. M Kiely , A Flynn , KE Harrington , PJ Robson & G Cran (2001) Sampling description and procedures used to conduct the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey. Public Health Nutr 4, 10291035.

24. R Kroes , D Müller , J Lambe (2002) Assessment of intake from the diet. Food Chem Toxicol 40, 327385.

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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
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