Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Lipid profile in men and women with different levels of sports participation and physical activity

  • Tineke Scheers (a1), Renaat Philippaerts (a2) (a3), Leen Van Langendonck (a3), William Duquet (a3) (a4), Nathalie Duvigneaud (a3) (a4), Lynn Matton (a1) (a3), Martine Thomis (a1) (a3), Katrien Wijndaele (a2) (a3) and Johan Lefevre (a1) (a3)...
Abstract
AbstractObjective

The purpose of the present study was to analyse the lipid profile in men and women differentiated according to energy expenditure during sports participation (EESPORT), energy expenditure during active leisure time (EEALT) and overall energy expenditure (EETOTAL).

Design

The subjects were grouped by sex, age, EESPORT, EEALT and EETOTAL. Group differences were analysed using analyses of covariance with BMI and alcohol consumption as covariates.

Setting

Physical activity was assessed using the Flemish Physical Activity Computerised Questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were taken to measure total cholesterol (TC), TAG, HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) and the ratio TC:HDL-C.

Subjects

The study sample consisted of 1170 Flemish men and women between 18 and 75 years of age.

Results

Differences in lipid profile were observed in the younger age group (<45 years), all in favour of the most active group. More specifically, when differentiating by EEALT and EETOTAL, men had a healthier lipid profile for TAG, HDL-C and TC:HDL-C. Differentiation according to EESPORT revealed the same significant results except for TAG. In women significant results for HDL-C, LDL-C and TC:HDL-C were found when differentiated by EESPORT.

Conclusions

Men and women <45 years of age with higher levels of energy expenditure due to sport show a better lipid profile than their sedentary counterparts. When differentiating subjects according to energy expenditure during active leisure time or overall energy expenditure, only in men was a healthier lipid profile observed in favour of the most active subjects.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Lipid profile in men and women with different levels of sports participation and physical activity
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Lipid profile in men and women with different levels of sports participation and physical activity
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Lipid profile in men and women with different levels of sports participation and physical activity
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email Johan.Lefevre@faber.kuleuven.be
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

3. T Thom , N Haase , W Rosamond (2006) Heart disease and stroke statistics – 2006 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation 113, e85e151.

4. G Hall , A Collins , G Csemiczky & BM Landgren (2002) Lipoproteins and BMI: a comparison between women during transition to menopause and regularly menstruating healthy women. Maturitas 41, 177185.

6. JW Twisk , HC Kemper , GJ Mellenbergh , W van Mechelen & GB Post (1996) Relation between the longitudinal development of lipoprotein levels and lifestyle parameters during adolescence and young adulthood. Ann Epidemiol 6, 246256.

8. CM Schubert , NL Rogers , KE Remsberg , SS Sun , WC Chumlea , EW Demerath , SA Czerwinski , B Towne & RM Siervogel (2006) Lipids, lipoproteins, lifestyle, adiposity and fat-free mass during middle age: the Fels Longitudinal Study. Int J Obes (Lond) 30, 251260.

9. YA Shakir , G Samsioe , P Nyberg , J Lidfeldt & C Nerbrand (2006) Does the hormonal situation modify lipid effects by lifestyle factors in middle-aged women? Results from a population-based study of Swedish women: the women’s health in the Lund area study. Metabolism 55, 10601066.

10. A Arquer , R Elosua , MI Covas , L Molina & J Marrugat (2006) Amount and intensity of physical activity, fitness, and serum lipids in pre-menopausal women. Int J Sports Med 27, 911918.

11. WD Ashton , K Nanchahal & DA Wood (2000) Leisure-time physical activity and coronary risk factors in women. J Cardiovasc Risk 7, 259266.

12. JL Durstine , PW Grandjean , CA Cox & PD Thompson (2002) Lipids, lipoproteins, and exercise. J Cardiopulm Rehabil 22, 385398.

14. WE Kraus , JA Houmard , BD Duscha (2002) Effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on plasma lipoproteins. N Engl J Med 347, 14831492.

15. TA Lakka & JT Salonen (1992) Physical activity and serum lipids: a cross-sectional population study in eastern Finnish men. Am J Epidemiol 136, 806818.

17. J Marrugat , R Elosua , MI Covas , L Molina & J Rubies-Prat (1996) Amount and intensity of physical activity, physical fitness, and serum lipids in men. The MARATHOM Investigators. Am J Epidemiol 143, 562569.

18. B Marti , E Suter , WF Riesen , A Tschopp , HU Wanner & F Gutzwiller (1980) Effects of long-term, self-monitored exercise on the serum lipoprotein and apolipoprotein profile in middle-aged men. Atherosclerosis 81, 1931.

19. M Wei , CA Macera , CA Hornung & SN Blair (1997) Changes in lipids associated with change in regular exercise in free-living men. J Clin Epidemiol 50, 11371142.

20. GA Kelley , KS Kelley & ZV Tran (2004) Aerobic exercise and lipids and lipoproteins in women: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Womens Health 13, 11481164.

21. LS Pescatello , D Murphy & D Costanzo (2000) Low-intensity physical activity benefits blood lipids and lipoproteins in older adults living at home. Age Ageing 29, 433439.

22. FC Bijnen , EJ Feskens , CJ Caspersen , S Giampaoli , AM Nissinen , A Menotti , WL Mosterd & D Kromhout (1996) Physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors among elderly men in Finland, Italy, and the Netherlands. Am J Epidemiol 143, 553561.

23. TT Fung , FB Hu , J Yu , NF Chu , D Spiegelman , GH Tofler , WC Willett & EB Rimm (2000) Leisure-time physical activity, television watching, and plasma biomarkers of obesity and cardiovascular disease risk. Am J Epidemiol 152, 11711178.

24. PF Kokkinos & B Fernhall (1999) Physical activity and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels: what is the relationship? Sports Med 28, 307314.

25. AS Leon & OA Sanchez (2001) Response of blood lipids to exercise training alone or combined with dietary intervention. Med Sci Sports Exerc 33, S502S515.

26. Y Sunami , M Motoyama , F Kinoshita , Y Mizooka , K Sueta , A Matsunaga , J Sasaki , H Tanaka & M Shindo (1999) Effects of low-intensity aerobic training on the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration in healthy elderly subjects. Metabolism 48, 984988.

27. S Kodama , S Tanaka , K Saito (2007) Effect of aerobic exercise training on serum levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol: a meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med 167, 9991008.

28. DB Panagiotakos , C Pitsavos , C Chrysohoou , J Skoumas , A Zeimbekis , I Papaioannou & C Stefanadis (2003) Effect of leisure time physical activity on blood lipid levels: the ATTICA study. Coron Artery Dis 14, 533539.

29. EI Fransson , LS Alfredsson , UH de Faire , A Knutsson & PJ Westerholm (2003) Leisure time, occupational and household physical activity, and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in working men and women: the WOLF study. Scand J Public Health 31, 324333.

30. NC Barengo , M Kastarinen , T Lakka , A Nissinen & J Tuomilehto (2006) Different forms of physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors among 24–64-year-old men and women in Finland. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 13, 5159.

31. G Lippi , F Schena , GL Salvagno , M Montagnana , F Ballestrieri & GC Guidi (2006) Comparison of the lipid profile and lipoprotein(a) between sedentary and highly trained subjects. Clin Chem Lab Med 44, 322326.

32. J Kobayashi , Y Murase , A Asano , A Nohara , MA Kawashiri , A Inazu , M Yamagishi & H Mabuchi (2006) Effect of walking with a pedometer on serum lipid and adiponectin levels in Japanese middle-aged men. J Atheroscler Thromb 13, 197201.

33. JL Durstine , PW Grandjean , PG Davis , MA Ferguson , NL Alderson & KD DuBose (2001) Blood lipid and lipoprotein adaptations to exercise: a quantitative analysis. Sports Med 31, 10331062.

34. ME Danielson , JA Cauley & JM Rohay (1993) Physical activity and its association with plasma lipids and lipoproteins in elderly women. Ann Epidemiol 3, 351357.

35. T Fonong , MJ Toth , PA Ades , LI Katzel , J Calles-Escandon & ET Poehlman (1996) Relationship between physical activity and HDL-cholesterol in healthy older men and women: a cross-sectional and exercise intervention study. Atherosclerosis 127, 177183.

36. S Ring-Dimitriou , SP von Duvillard , B Paulweber , M Stadlmann , LM Lemura , K Peak & E Mueller (2007) Nine months aerobic fitness induced changes on blood lipids and lipoproteins in untrained subjects versus controls. Eur J Appl Physiol 99, 291299.

37. GA Kelley , KS Kelley & ZV Tran (2004) Walking, lipids, and lipoproteins: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Prev Med 38, 651661.

39. BE Ainsworth , WL Haskell , MC Whitt (2000) Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities. Med Sci Sports Exerc 32, S498S516.

40. J Skoumas , C Pitsavos , DB Panagiotakos , C Chrysohoou , A Zeimbekis , I Papaioannou , M Toutouza , P Toutouzas & C Stefanadis (2003) Physical activity, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and other lipids levels, in men and women from the ATTICA study. Lipids Health Dis 2, 3.

41. I Weller & P Corey (1998) The impact of excluding non-leisure energy expenditure on the relation between physical activity and mortality in women. Epidemiology 9, 632635.

43. PN Ainslie , T Reilly , DP Maclaren & IT Campbell (2005) Changes in plasma lipids and lipoproteins following 10-days of prolonged walking: influence of age and relationship to physical activity level. Ergonomics 48, 13521364.

44. JE Manson , FB Hu , JW Rich-Edwards , GA Colditz , MJ Stampfer , WC Willett , FE Speizer & CH Hennekens (1999) A prospective study of walking as compared with vigorous exercise in the prevention of coronary heart disease in women. N Engl J Med 341, 650658.

45. PT Williams (2004) The relationships of vigorous exercise, alcohol, and adiposity to low and high high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels. Metabolism 53, 700709.

46. S Mora , IM Lee , JE Buring & PM Ridker (2006) Association of physical activity and body mass index with novel and traditional cardiovascular biomarkers in women. JAMA 295, 14121419.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 36 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 106 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.