This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1 D Gunnell , M Okasha , G Davey Smith , S Oliver , J Sandhu , J Holly . Height, leg length, and cancer risk: a systematic review. Epidemiologic Reviews 2001; 23: 313–42.
2 W Gerver , R Bruin . Relationship between height, sitting height and subischial leg length in Dutch children: presentation of normal values. Acta Paediatrica 1995; 84: 532–5.
3 D Gunnell , G Davey Smith , J Holly , S Frankel . Leg length and risk of cancer in the Boyd Orr cohort. British Medical Journal 1998; 317: 1350–1.
4 D Gunnell . Commentary: Can adult anthropometry be used as a ‘biomarker’ for prenatal and childhood exposures? International Journal of Epidemiology 2002; 31: 390–4.
5 A Butler , D Le Roith . Control of growth by the somatropic axis: growth hormone and the insulin-like growth factors have related and independent roles. Annual Review of Physiology 2001; 63: 141–64.
6 A Juul , P Dalgaard , W Blum . Serum levels of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in healthy infants, children and adolescents: the relation to IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, age, sex, body mass index and pubertal maturation. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 1995; 80: 2534–42.
7 J Chan , M Stampfer , E Giovannucci , PH Gann , J Ma , P Wilkinson , Plasma insulin-like growth factor-I and prostate cancer risk: a prospective study. Science 1998; 279: 563–6.
8 A Wolk , CS Mantzoros , SO Andersson , R Bergstrom , LB Signorello , P Lagiou , Insulin-like growth factor I and prostate cancer risk: a population-based case-control study. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1998; 90: 911–5.
9 S Hankinson , W Willett , G Colditz , D Hunter , D Michaud , B Deroo , Circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I and risk of breast cancer. Lancet 1998; 351: 1393–6.
10 J Ma , E Giovannucci , M Pollak , J Chan , J Gaziano , W Willett , Milk intake, circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor-I, and risk of colorectal cancer in men. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2001; 93: 1330–6.
11 H Yu , T Rohan . Role of the insulin-like growth factor family in cancer development and progression. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2000; 92: 1472–89.
13 A Renehan , M Zwahler , C Minder , S O'Dwyer , S Shalet , M Egger . Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, IGF binding protein 3 and cancer risk: systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Lancet 2004; 363: 1346–53.
16 L Kolonel . Fat, meat and prostate cancer. Epidemiologic Reviews 2001; 23: 72–81.
17 J Chan , E Giovannucci . Dairy products, calcium, vitamin D and risk of prostate cancer. Epidemiologic Reviews 2001; 23: 87–92.
19 A Trichopoulou , K Katsouyanni , S Stuver , L Tzala , C Gnardellis , E Rimm , Consumption of olive oil and specific food groups in relation to breast cancer risk in Greece. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1995; 87: 110–6.
20 J Chan , E Giovannucci . Vegetables, fruits, associated micronutrients and risk of prostate cancer. Epidemiologic Reviews 2001; 23: 82–6.
21 JL Freudenheim , J Marshall , J Vena , J Laughlin , J Brasure , M Swanson , Premenopausal breast cancer risk and intake of vegetables, fruits and related nutrients. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1996; 88: 340–8.
22 T Key , N Allen , E Spencer , R Travis . The effect of diet on risk of cancer. Lancet 2002; 360: 861–8.
24 D Gunnell , S Oliver , T Peters , J Donovan , R Persad , M Maynard , Are diet–prostate cancer associations mediated by the IGF axis? A cross-sectional analysis of diet, IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in middle-aged men. British Journal of Cancer 2003; 88: 1682–6.
27 L Signorello , H Kuper , P Lagiou , L Mucci , D Trichopoulos , HO Adami . Lifestyle factors and insulin-like growth factor I levels among elderly men. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 2000; 9: 173–8.
28 L Mucci , R Tamimi , P Lagiou , A Trichopoulou , V Benetou , E Spanos , Are dietary influences on the risk of prostate cancer mediated through the insulin-like growth factor system? BJU International 2001; 87: 814–20.
29 RP Heaney , D McCarron , B Dawson-Huges , S Oparil , S Berga , J Stern , Dietary changes favorably affect bone remodeling in older adults. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1999; 99: 1228–33.
30 J Cadogan , R Eastell , N Jones , M Barker . Milk intake and bone mineral acquisition in adolescent girls: randomised, controlled intervention trial. British Medical Journal 1997; 315: 1255–60.
31 C Hoppe , C Mølgaard , A Juul , K Michaelsen . High intakes of skimmed milk, but not meat, increase serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in eight-year-old boys. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2004; 58: 1211–6.
32 S Frankel , DJ Gunnell , TJ Peters , M Maynard , G Davey Smith . Childhood energy intake and adult mortality from cancer: the Boyd Orr Cohort Study. British Medical Journal 1998; 316: 499–504.
34 J Golding , M Pembrey , R Jones . ALSPAC Study Team. ALSPAC – The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. I. Study methodology. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2001; 15: 74–87.
36 GM Price , AA Paul , FB Key , AC Harter , TJ Cole , KC Day , Measurement of diet in a large national survey: comparison of computerised and manual coding of records in household measures. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 1995; 8: 417–28.
50 S Garnett , C Cowell , D Bradford , J Lee , C Tao , V Petrauskas , Effects of gender, body composition and birth size on IGF-I in 7- and 8-year-old children. Hormone Research 1999; 52: 221–9.
52 JV Freeman , TJ Cole , S Chinn , PRM Jones , EM White , MA Preece . Cross sectional stature and weight reference curves for the UK, 1990. Archives of Disease in Childhood 1995; 73: 17–24.
53 D Gunnell , SE Oliver , JL Donovan , TJ Peters , D Gillatt , R Persad , Do height-related variations in insulin-like growth factors underlie the associations of stature with adult chronic disease? Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 2004; 89: 213–8.
56 J Thissen , J Ketelslegers , L Underwood . Nutritional regulation of the insulin-like growth factors. Endocrine Reviews 1994; 15: 80–101.
57 A Juul , F Scheike , M Davidsen , J Gyllenborg , T Jorgensen . Low serum insulin-like growth factor I is associated with increased risk of ischaemic heart disease. Circulation 2002; 106: 939–44.
58 M Sandhu , A Heald , J Gibson , J Cruickshank , DB Dunger , N Wareham . Circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I and development of glucose intolerance: a prospective observational study. Lancet 2002; 359: 1740–5.