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Obesity prevalence in Mexico: impact on health and economic burden

  • Ketevan Rtveladze (a1), Tim Marsh (a1), Simon Barquera (a2), Luz Maria Sanchez Romero (a2), David Levy (a3), Guillermo Melendez (a4), Laura Webber (a1), Fanny Kilpi (a1), Klim McPherson (a5) and Martin Brown (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980013000086
  • Published online: 01 February 2013
Abstract
AbstractObjective

Along with other countries having high and low-to-middle income, Mexico has experienced a substantial change in obesity rates. This rapid growth in obesity prevalence has led to high rates of obesity-related diseases and associated health-care costs.

Design

Micro-simulation is used to project future BMI trends. Additionally thirteen BMI-related diseases and health-care costs are estimated. The results are simulated for three hypothetical scenarios: no BMI reduction and BMI reductions of 1 % and 5 % across the population.

Setting

Mexican Health and Nutrition Surveys 1999 and 2000, and Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006.

Subjects

Mexican adults.

Results

In 2010, 32 % of men and 26 % of women were normal weight. By 2050, the proportion of normal weight will decrease to 12 % and 9 % for males and females respectively, and more people will be obese than overweight. It is projected that by 2050 there will be 12 million cumulative incidence cases of diabetes and 8 million cumulative incidence cases of heart disease alone. For the thirteen diseases considered, costs of $US 806 million are estimated for 2010, projected to increase to $US 1·2 billion and $US 1·7 billion in 2030 and 2050 respectively. A 1 % reduction in BMI prevalence could save $US 43 million in health-care costs in 2030 and $US 85 million in 2050.

Conclusions

Obesity rates are leading to a large health and economic burden. The projected numbers are high and Mexico should implement strong action to tackle obesity. Results presented here will be very helpful in planning and implementing policy interventions.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email ketevan.rtveladze@heartforum.org.uk
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2.CP Sánchez-Castillo , O Velásquez-Monroy , A Lara-Esqueda et al. (2005) Diabetes and hypertension increases in a society with abdominal obesity: results of the Mexican National Health Survey 2000. Public Health Nutr 8, 5360.

4.G Stevens , RH Dias , KJA Thomas et al. (2008) Characterizing the epidemiological transition in Mexico: national and subnational burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors. PLoS Med 5, e125.

7.YC Wang , K McPherson , T Marsh et al. (2011) Health and economic burden of the projected obesity trends in the USA and the UK. Lancet 378, 815825.

10.P Arroyo , A Loria , V Fernandez et al. (2000) Prevalence of pre-obesity and obesity in urban adult Mexicans in comparison with other large surveys. Obes Res 8, 179185.

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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
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