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Prevalence of breast-feeding in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study and health service-related correlates of cessation of full breast-feeding

  • Anna-Pia Häggkvist (a1) (a2), Anne Lise Brantsæter (a1), Andrej M Grjibovski (a3) (a4) (a5), Elisabet Helsing (a6), Helle Margrete Meltzer (a1) and Margaretha Haugen (a1)...
Abstract
AbstractObjective

First, to describe the prevalence of both full and partial breast-feeding during the first 6 months; second, to study the associations between selected health service-related factors and cessation of full breast-feeding at three time intervals.

Design

Retrospective questionnaires, 6 months after birth.

Setting

The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa).

Subjects

In total, 29 621 women.

Results

While 96·6 %, 94·0 %, 90·8 %, 86·9 %, 83·8 % and 80·0 % of the infants were breast-fed at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months, respectively, the corresponding proportions for full breast-feeding were 84·6 %, 79·1 %, 70·9 %, 44·0 %, 16·7 % and 2·1 %. An increased risk of cessation of full breast-feeding during the first month was associated with supplementation during the first week of life with water (relative risk (RR) 1·77; 95 % CI 1·52, 2·06), sugar water (RR 1·73; 95 % CI 1·49, 2·00) or formula (RR 5·99; 95 % CI 5·58, 6·42). An increased risk was also associated with Caesarean delivery (RR 1·08; 95 % CI 1·00, 1·16) and breast-feeding problems (RR 1·56; 95 % CI 1·45, 1·67). Between months 1 and 3, the risk of cessation of full breast-feeding remained elevated in the case of supplementation during the first week of life with water (RR 1·29; 95 % CI 1·14, 1·45), sugar water (RR 1·48; 95 % CI 1·34, 1·64) or formula (RR 1·18; 95 % CI 1·07, 1·29). The same applied to Caesarean delivery (RR 1·15; 95 % CI 1·06, 1·25).

Conclusions

Supplementation during the first week, breast-feeding problems and Caesarean delivery are associated with early cessation of full breast-feeding. The results support a cautious approach to supplementation during the first week of life.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email Margaretha.Haugen@fhi.no
Linked references
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

7. MS Kramer & R Kakuma (2002) Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev issue 1, CD003517; available at http://mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD003517/frame.html

11. MA Quigley , G Henderson , MY Anthony (2007) Formula milk versus donor breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev issue 4, CD002971; available at http://mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD002971/frame.html

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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
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