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Prioritization of the essentials in the spending patterns of Canadian households experiencing food insecurity

  • Andrée-Anne Fafard St-Germain (a1) and Valerie Tarasuk (a1)
Abstract
Objective

Food insecurity is a potent determinant of health and indicator of material deprivation in many affluent countries. Food insecurity is associated with compromises in food and housing expenditures, but how it relates to other expenditures is unknown. The present study described households’ resource allocation over a 12-month period by food insecurity status.

Design

Expenditure data from the 2010 Survey of Household Spending were aggregated into four categories (basic needs, other necessities, discretionary, investments/assets) and ten sub-categories (food, clothing, housing, transportation, household/personal care, health/education, leisure, miscellaneous, personal insurance/pension, durables/assets). A four-level food insecurity status was created using the adult-specific items of the Household Food Security Survey Module. Mean dollars spent and budget share by food insecurity status were estimated with generalized linear models adjusted first for household size and composition, and subsequently for after-tax income quartiles.

Setting

Canada.

Subjects

Population-based sample of households from the ten provinces (n 9050).

Results

Food-secure households had higher mean total expenditures than marginally, moderately and severely food-insecure households (P-trend <0·0001). As severity of food insecurity increased, households spent less on all categories and sub-categories, except transportation, but they allocated a larger budget share to basic needs and smaller shares to discretionary spending and investments/assets. The downward trends for dollars spent on basic needs and other necessities became non-significant after accounting for income, but the upward trend in the budget shares for basic needs persisted.

Conclusions

The spending patterns of food-insecure households suggest that they prioritized essential needs above all else.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email valerie.tarasuk@utoronto.ca
References
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