Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Role of parental education in reduction of prevalence of childhood undernutrition in Bangladesh

  • Md. Belal Hossain (a1) and Md Hasinur Rahaman Khan (a1)

Abstract

Objective

Despite progress, levels of malnutrition among children in Bangladesh are among the highest in the world and this is one of the major causes of death in children. The pace of reduction in the prevalence of undernutrition among children is still relatively low. The present study aimed to examine the association between parental education and childhood undernutrition among Bangladeshi children under 5 years of age when adjusting for potential risk factors.

Design

The data set was extracted from a nationally representative survey based on a cross-sectional study, the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2014.

Setting

The base survey was conducted using a two-stage stratified sample of households. In the first stage, 600 enumeration areas (EA) were selected with probability proportional to EA size (207 EA from urban areas, 393 EA from rural areas).

Subjects

A total of 7173 children under 5 years from 17 863 households were considered for the analysis. A modified Poisson regression model was implemented to the data for assessing the relationship between parental education and childhood undernutrition when demographic and socio-economic covariates for the child, parents, households and clustering were adjusted.

Results

Higher parental education level was associated with lower levels of stunting and underweight, but not with wasting. Maternal and paternal education were both significantly associated with the reduction in prevalence of childhood undernutrition in Bangladesh.

Conclusions

Paternal education appears equally as important as maternal education in reducing undernutrition prevalence among children under 5 years in Bangladesh.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Role of parental education in reduction of prevalence of childhood undernutrition in Bangladesh
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Role of parental education in reduction of prevalence of childhood undernutrition in Bangladesh
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Role of parental education in reduction of prevalence of childhood undernutrition in Bangladesh
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

* Corresponding author: Email hasinur@isrt.ac.bd

References

Hide All
1. National Institute of Population Research and Training, Mitra and Associates, & ICF International (2014) Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014. Dhaka and Rockville, MD: NIPORT, Mitra and Associates, and ICF International.
2. UNICEF (2006) Progress for Children: A Report Card on Nutrition (No. 4). http://www.unicef.org/progressforchildren/2006n4/index_undernutrition.html (accessed December 2017).
3. de Onis, M, Monteiro, C, Akré, J et al. (1993) The worldwide magnitude of protein–energy malnutrition: an overview from the WHO Global Database on Child Growth. Bull World Health Organ 71, 703712.
4. Martins, VJ, Toledo Florêncio, TM, Grillo, LP et al. (2011) Long-lasting effects of undernutrition. Int J Environ Res Public Health 8, 18171846.
5. de Onis, M, Dewey, KG, Borghi, E et al. (2013) The World Health Organization’s global target for reducing childhood stunting by 2025: rationale and proposed actions. Matern Child Nutr 9, Suppl. 2, 626.
6. Black, RE, Victora, CG, Walker, SP et al. (2013) Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet 382, 427451.
7. Black, RE, Allen, LH, Bhutta, ZA et al. (2008) Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet 371, 243260.
8. UNICEF (2015) Undernutrition contributes to nearly half of all deaths in children under 5 and is widespread in Asia and Africa. http://www.data.unicef.org/topic/nutrition/malnutrition/ (accessed December 2017).
9. Bryce, J, Coitinho, D, Darnton-Hill, I et al. (2008) Maternal and child undernutrition: effective action at national level. Lancet 371, 510526.
10. UNICEF, World Health Organization & The Wold Bank (2017) Joint child malnutrition estimates (2017). http://www.datatopics.worldbank.org/child-malnutrition/ (accessed December 2017).
11. The World Bank (2017) World Bank data. http://www.data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.MALN.ZS?locations=8S (accessed December 2017).
12. World Health Organization (2014) Global Nutrition Targets 2025: Policy Brief Series. Geneva: WHO.
13. Haddad, LJ, Achadi, E, Bendech, MA et al. (2015) Global Nutrition Report 2014: actions and accountability to accelerate the world’s progress on nutrition. J Nutr 145, 663671.
14. Ahmed, T, Hossain, M, Mahfuz, M et al. (2016) Imperatives for reducing child stunting in Bangladesh. Matern Child Nutr 12, Suppl. 1, 242245.
15. United Nations (2006) Millennium Development Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger. http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/poverty.shtml (accessed December 2017).
16. Naved, RT (2016) Bangladesh, families. In The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Family Studies, pp. 15. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
17. Semba, RD, de Pee, S, Sun, K et al. (2008) Effect of parental formal education on risk of child stunting in Indonesia and Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study. Lancet 371, 322328.
18. Vollmer, S, Bommer, C, Krishna, A et al. (2016) The association of parental education with childhood undernutrition in low-and middle-income countries: comparing the role of paternal and maternal education. Int J Epidemiol 46, 312323.
19. Alderman, H & Headey, DD (2017) How important is parental education for child nutrition? World Dev 94, 448464.
20. Gupta, MC, Mehrotra, M, Arora, S et al. (1991) Relation of childhood malnutrition to parental education and mothers’ nutrition related KAP. Indian J Pediatr 58, 269274.
21. Hasan, MT, Soares Magalhaes, RJ, Williams, GM et al. (2016) The role of maternal education in the 15‐year trajectory of malnutrition in children under 5 years of age in Bangladesh. Matern Child Nutr 12, 929939.
22. Musa, MK, Muhammad, F, Lawal, KM et al. (2017) Risk factors of severe acute malnutrition among under-five children: a hospital-based study in Bangladesh. J Med Sci Health 3, 1321.
23. Sarma, H, Khan, JR, Asaduzzaman, M et al. (2017) Factors influencing the prevalence of stunting among children aged below five years in Bangladesh. Food Nutr Bull 38, 291301.
24. Nahar, B, Ahmed, T, Brown, KH et al. (2010) Risk factors associated with severe underweight among young children reporting to a diarrhoea treatment facility in Bangladesh. J Health Popul Nutr 28, 476483.
25. Chowdhury, MRK, Rahman, MS, Khan, MMH et al. (2016) Risk factors for child malnutrition in Bangladesh: a multilevel analysis of a nationwide population-based survey. J Pediatr 172, 194201.
26. Kabir, MH (2011) Public Health Priorities in National Health Policy, Population Policy & HPNSDP: National Health Policy (NHP) 2011 of Bangladesh. http://iedcr.gov.bd/pdf/files/NPHC%20WEB/UPLOAD-1/Thematic%20Session/Public%20health%20priorities%20in%20National%20Health%20Policy.pdf (accessed November 2017).
27. National Institute of Population Research and Training, Mitra and Associates, & ICF International (2011) Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Dhaka and Rockville, MD: NIPORT, Mitra and Associates, and ICF International.
28. Zou, GY & Donner, A (2013) Extension of the modified Poisson regression model to prospective studies with correlated binary data. Stat Methods Med Res 22, 661670.
29. Zou, G (2004) A modified Poisson regression approach to prospective studies with binary data. Am J Epidemiol 159, 702706.
30. Wilber, ST & Fu, R (2010) Risk ratios and odds ratios for common events in cross‐sectional and cohort Studies. Acad Emerg Med 17, 649651.
31. Cummings, P (2009) Methods for estimating adjusted risk ratios. Stata J 9, 175196.
32. Cummings, P (2009) The relative merits of risk ratios and odds ratios. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163, 438445.
33. Talukder, A (2017) Factors associated with malnutrition among under-five children: illustration using Bangladesh demographic and health survey, 2014 data. Children 4, E88.
34. Amin, MR, Murimi, MW & Carabaza, AFM (2017) Factors associated with stunting among 0–23 months-old children in rural Bangladesh. J Nutr Educ Behav 49, S21.
35. Samarakoon, S & Parinduri, RA (2015) Does education empower women? Evidence from Indonesia. World Dev 66, 428442.
36. Duflo, E (2012) Women empowerment and economic development. J Econ Lit 50, 10511079.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Role of parental education in reduction of prevalence of childhood undernutrition in Bangladesh

  • Md. Belal Hossain (a1) and Md Hasinur Rahaman Khan (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.