Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Sociodemographic characteristics and food habits of organic consumers – a study from the Danish National Birth Cohort

  • Sesilje B Petersen (a1), Morten A Rasmussen (a2), Marin Strøm (a1), Thorhallur I Halldorsson (a1) (a3) and Sjurdur F Olsen (a1) (a4)...
Abstract
AbstractObjective

To develop a basis for building models that can examine the impact of organic food (OF) choices on maternal and offspring health, including identification of factors associated with OF consumption and underlying dietary patterns.

Design

Dietary intake was collected for the preceding month from an FFQ in mid-pregnancy and information on sociodemographic characteristics was collected from telephone interviews during pregnancy. From a question about OF consumption in the FFQ, including six food categories, an OF preference index was calculated. Latent variables that captured the variability in OF choices in relation to dietary intake were defined.

Setting

The Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC), 1996–2002.

Subjects

Pregnant women from DNBC (n 60 773).

Results

We found that frequent OF use was highly associated with age, occupational status, urbanization, smoking and vegetarianism. By principal components analysis we identified two eating patterns, a ‘Western dietary pattern’ and a ‘Prudent dietary pattern’, that explained 14·2 % of the variability in data. Frequent OF users consumed a more ‘prudent’ diet compared with non-users and had significantly higher intakes of vegetables (+67 %), fibre (+13 %) and n-3 fatty acids (+11 %) and less saturated fat (−8 %).

Conclusions

Frequent OF users seemed to have a healthier lifestyle than non-users. These findings highlight a major challenge in observational studies examining the impact of OF consumption on health due to potentially irremediable confounding factors.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Sociodemographic characteristics and food habits of organic consumers – a study from the Danish National Birth Cohort
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Sociodemographic characteristics and food habits of organic consumers – a study from the Danish National Birth Cohort
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Sociodemographic characteristics and food habits of organic consumers – a study from the Danish National Birth Cohort
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email ssp@ssi.dk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1. E Lea (2005) Food, health, the environment and consumers’ dietary choices. Nutr Diet 62, 2125.

8. HNJ Schifferstein & PAM Oude Pphuis (1998) Health-related determinants of organic food consumption in the Netherlands. Food Qual Prefer 9, 119133.

9. R Shepherd , M Magnusson & PO Sjoden (2005) Determinants of consumer behavior related to organic foods. Ambio 34, 352359.

10. PJ Byrne , JR Bacon & UC Toensmeyer (1994) Pesticide residue concerns and shopping location likelihood. Agribusiness 10, 491501.

11. CL Huang (1996) Consumer preferences and attitudes towards organically grown produce. Eur Rev Agric Econ 23, 331342.

12. MK Magnusson , A Arvola , UK Hursti et al. (2003) Choice of organic foods is related to perceived consequences for human health and to environmentally friendly behaviour. Appetite 40, 109117.

13. A Velimirov , M Huber , C Lauridsen et al. (2009) Feeding trials in organic food quality and health research. J Sci Food Agric 90, 175182.

14. AD Dangour , SK Dodhia , A Hayter et al. (2009) Nutritional quality of organic foods: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr 90, 680685.

16. AD Dangour , K Lock , A Hayter et al. (2010) Nutrition-related health effects of organic foods: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr 92, 203210.

17. F Magkos , F Arvaniti & A Zampelas (2003) Organic food: nutritious food or food for thought? A review of the evidence. Int J Food Sci Nutr 54, 357371.

18. K Woese , D Lange , C Boess et al. (1997) A comparison of organically and conventionally grown foods – results of a review of the relevant literature. J Sci Food Agric 74, 281293.

19. L Grinder-Pedersen , SE Rasmussen , S Bugel et al. (2003) Effect of diets based on foods from conventional versus organic production on intake and excretion of flavonoids and markers of antioxidative defense in humans. J Agric Food Chem 51, 56715676.

20. I Kummeling , C Thijs , M Huber et al. (2008) Consumption of organic foods and risk of atopic disease during the first 2 years of life in the Netherlands. Br J Nutr 99, 598605.

22. J Olsen , M Melbye , SF Olsen et al. (2001) The Danish National Birth Cohort – its background, structure and aim. Scand J Public Health 29, 300307.

23. SF Olsen , TB Mikkelsen , VK Knudsen et al. (2007) Data collected on maternal dietary exposures in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 21, 7686.

25. K Overvad , A Tjonneland , J Haraldsdottir et al. (1991) Development of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire to assess food, energy and nutrient intake in Denmark. Int J Epidemiol 20, 900905.

28. S Friis , S Kruger Kjaer , C Stripp et al. (1997) Reproducibility and relative validity of a self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire applied to younger women. J Clin Epidemiol 50, 303311.

29. TB Mikkelsen , M Osler & SF Olsen (2006) Validity of protein, retinol, folic acid and n-3 fatty acid intakes estimated from the food-frequency questionnaire used in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Public Health Nutr 9, 771778.

30. TB Mikkelsen , SF Olsen , SE Rasmussen et al. (2007) Relative validity of fruit and vegetable intake estimated by the food frequency questionnaire used in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Scand J Public Health 35, 172179.

31. TI Halldorsson , I Thorsdottir , HM Meltzer et al. (2009) Dioxin-like activity in plasma among Danish pregnant women: dietary predictors, birth weight and infant development. Environ Res 109, 2228.

32. TI Halldorsson , HM Meltzer , I Thorsdottir et al. (2007) Is high consumption of fatty fish during pregnancy a risk factor for fetal growth retardation? A study of 44,824 Danish pregnant women. Am J Epidemiol 166, 687696.

33. TI Halldorsson , I Thorsdottir , HM Meltzer et al. (2008) Linking exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls with fatty fish consumption and reduced fetal growth among Danish pregnant women: a cause for concern? Am J Epidemiol 168, 958965.

34. AK Klemmensen , A Tabor , ML Østerdal et al. (2009) Intake of vitamin C and E in pregnancy and risk of pre-eclampsia: prospective study among 57,346 women. BJOG 116, 964974.

35. VK Knudsen , HS Hansen , L Ovesen et al. (2007) Iron supplement use among Danish pregnant women. Public Health Nutr 10, 11041110.

36. TB Mikkelsen , M Osler , I Orozova-Bekkevold et al. (2006) Association between fruit and vegetable consumption and birth weight: a prospective study among 43,585 Danish women. Scand J Public Health 34, 616622.

37. TB Mikkelsen , ML Osterdal , VK Knudsen et al. (2008) Association between a Mediterranean-type diet and risk of preterm birth among Danish women: a prospective cohort study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 87, 325330.

39. ML Osterdal , M Strom , AK Klemmensen et al. (2009) Does leisure time physical activity in early pregnancy protect against pre-eclampsia? Prospective cohort in Danish women. BJOG 116, 98107.

40. M Strom , EL Mortensen , TI Halldorsson et al. (2009) Fish and long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intakes during pregnancy and risk of postpartum depression: a prospective study based on a large national birth cohort. Am J Clin Nutr 90, 149155.

41. S Wold , K Esbensen & P Geladi (1987) Principal component analysis. Chemometr Intell Lab 2, 3752.

46. M Wier , K O'Doherty Jensen , LM Andersen et al. (2008) The character of demand in mature organic food markets: Great Britain and Denmark compared. Food Policy 33, 406421.

50. H Torjusen , AL Brantsaeter , M Haugen et al. (2010) Characteristics associated with organic food consumption during pregnancy; data from a large cohort of pregnant women in Norway. BMC Public Health 10, 775.

51. BM Onyango (2007) Purchasing organic food in US food systems – a study of attitudes and practice. Br Food J 109, 399411.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 56 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 144 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.