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Sociodemographic, lifestyle and behavioural factors associated with consumption of sweetened beverages among adults in Cambridgeshire, UK: the Fenland Study

  • Peter Barrett (a1) (a2), Fumiaki Imamura (a1), Søren Brage (a1), Simon J Griffin (a1), Nicholas J Wareham (a1) and Nita G Forouhi (a1)...
Abstract
Objective

We aimed to identify sociodemographic, lifestyle and behavioural determinants of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) among adults in Cambridgeshire, UK.

Design

Cross-sectional data were obtained from a cohort of 9991 adults born between 1950 and 1975. An FFQ was used to assess consumption of beverages and other dietary factors. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine potential determinants of consuming SSB and ASB (≥1 serving/d).

Setting

Recruitment from general practice surgeries to participate in the ongoing population-based Fenland Study.

Subjects

Adults (n 9991) aged 30–64 years from three areas of Cambridgeshire, UK.

Results

Prevalence estimates for daily SSB and ASB consumption were 20·4 % (n 2041) and 8·9 % (n 893), respectively. SSB consumption (OR; 95 % CI) was more common in men than women (1·33; CI 1·17, 1·50) and among those reporting lower income (<£20 000/year) than those reporting higher income (>£40 000/year; 1·31; 1·09, 1·58). In contrast, daily ASB consumption was more common among women than men (1·62; 1·34, 1·96), those on weight-loss diets than those who were not (2·58; 2·05, 3·24) and those reporting higher income than lower income (1·53; 1·16, 2·00). Factors associated with higher consumption of each of SSB and ASB included being a younger adult, being overweight/obese, having shorter education, eating meals or snack foods while watching television, and skipping breakfast (P<0·05 each).

Conclusions

Frequent consumers of SSB and ASB differ by several sociodemographic characteristics. However, increased BMI, younger age and unhealthy eating behaviours are common to both groups.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
* Corresponding author: Email nita.forouhi@mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk
Footnotes
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These authors contributed equally to this study.

Footnotes
References
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