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Socio-economic and ethnic disparities of malnutrition in all its forms in Guatemala

  • Mónica Mazariegos (a1) (a2), María F Kroker-Lobos (a1) and Manuel Ramírez-Zea (a1)

Abstract

Objective:

To analyse disparities of malnutrition in all its forms by socio-economic indicators in children aged <5 years, adolescent girls and women of reproductive age (WRA).

Design:

We defined wasting/underweight, stunting/short stature, overweight and obesity following the WHO criteria for children aged <5 years, adolescents and WRA. We evaluated the prevalence of malnutrition by wealth status, education level and ethnicity (indigenous/non-indigenous).

Setting:

Guatemalan 2014–2015 National Maternal and Child Health Survey.

Participants:

Children aged <5 years (n 11 962), adolescent girls aged 15–19 years (n 1086) and WRA aged 20–49 years (n 11 354).

Results:

Stunting/short stature prevalence among children, adolescents and WRA was 2·8, 2·1 and 2·0 times higher in the poorest compared with the richest; 2·9, 2·9 and 2·1 times higher in the lower educational level than in the highest; and 1·7, 1·7 and 1·6 times higher in the indigenous than in the non-indigenous population. In contrast, overweight/obesity prevalence among children, adolescents and WRA was 1·6, 2·1 and 1·8 times higher in the richest compared with the poorest; 1·6, 1·3 and 1·3 times higher in the higher educational level than in the lowest; and 1·3, 1·7 and 1·3 times higher in the non-indigenous than in the indigenous population.

Conclusions:

Stunting/short stature is more prevalent among low-income, low-education and indigenous populations in all age groups. In contrast, overweight/obesity is more prevalent in high-income, high-education and non-indigenous populations in all age groups. These outcomes demonstrate socio-economic and ethnic disparities for malnutrition in all its forms.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Email: momazariegos@incap.int

References

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Keywords

Socio-economic and ethnic disparities of malnutrition in all its forms in Guatemala

  • Mónica Mazariegos (a1) (a2), María F Kroker-Lobos (a1) and Manuel Ramírez-Zea (a1)

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