Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Socio-economic determinants of selected dietary indicators in British pre-school children

  • Richard G Watt (a1), Joanna Dykes (a1) and Aubrey Sheiham (a1)
Abstract
AbstractObjectives:

To assess the proportion of pre-school children meeting reference nutrient intakes (RNIs) and recommendations for daily intakes of iron, zinc, vitamins C and A, and energy from non-milk extrinsic sugars. To assess whether meeting these five dietary requirements was related to a series of socio-economic variables.

Design:

Secondary analysis of data on daily consumption of foods and drinks from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) of children aged 1.5–4.5 years based on 4-day weighed intakes.

Subjects:

One thousand six hundred and seventy-five British pre-school children aged 1.5–4.5 years in 1993.

Results:

Only 1% of children met all five RNIs/recommendations examined; 76% met only two or fewer. Very few children met the recommendations for intakes of zinc (aged over four years) and non-milk extrinsic sugars (all ages). The number of RNIs/recommendations met was related to measures of socio-economic class. Children from families in Scotland and the North of England, who had a manual head of household and whose mothers had fewest qualifications, met the least number of RNIs/recommendations.

Conclusions:

Very few pre-school children have diets that meet all the RNIs and recommendations for iron, zinc, vitamins C and A, and energy from non-milk extrinsic sugars. Dietary adequacy with respect to these five parameters is related to socio-economic factors. The findings emphasise the need for a range of public health policies that focus upon the social and economic determinants of food choice within families.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Socio-economic determinants of selected dietary indicators in British pre-school children
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Socio-economic determinants of selected dietary indicators in British pre-school children
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Socio-economic determinants of selected dietary indicators in British pre-school children
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email r.watt@ucl.ac.uk
References
Hide All
1Sherriff A, Emond A, Hawkins N, Golding J. Haemoglobin and ferritin concentrations in children aged 12 and 18 months. Arch. Dis. Child 1999; 80, 153–7.
2Duggan MB, Harbottle L, Noble C. The weaning diet of healthy Asian children living in Sheffield. 1. The level and composition of the diet in children from 4–40 months of age. J. Hum. Nutr. Diet. 1992; 5: 189200.
3Gregory JR, Collins DL, Davies PSW, Hughes JM,Clarke PC. National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Children aged 15 to 45 years. Volume 1. Report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey. Children aged 15 to 45 years. Volume 1. Report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey. London: HMSO, 1995.
4Caroline Walker Trust. Eating Well for the Under-5s in Childcare. London: Caroline Walker Trust, 1998.
5Department of Health. Dietary Sugars and Human Disease. COMA Report on Health and Social Subjects No. 37. London: HMSO, 1989.
6Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health Report. London: Stationery Office, 1998.
7Leather S. The Making of Modern Malnutrition: An Overview of Food Poverty in the UK. The Caroline Walker Lecture. London: Caroline Walker Trust, 1996.
8Leather S. Fruit and vegetables: consumption patterns and health consequences. Br. Food J. 1995; 97: 7.
9Lobstein T. The Nutrition of Women on Low Incomes. London: The Food Commission, 1991.
10Doyle W, et al. Nutritional survey of schoolchildren in an inner city area. Arch. Dis. Child. 1994; 70: 376–81.
11Philip W, James T, Nelson M, Ralph A, Leather S. The contribution of nutrition to inequalities in health. BMJ 1997; 314: 1545–9.
12Lang T, Caraher M. Access to healthy foods: part II. Food poverty and shopping deserts: what are the implications for health promotion policy and practice. Health. Educ. J. 1998; 57: 202–11.
13Watt RG, Dykes J, Sheiham A. Pre-school children's consumption of drinks: implications for dental health. Community Dent. Health 2001; 17: 813.
14Department of Health. Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. COMA Report on Health and Social Subjects No. 41. London: HMSO, 1991.
15Stockley L. Summary of the Promotion of Healthier Eating: A Basis for Action. London: Health Education Authority, 1993.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 42 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 83 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.