Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 82
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Alghadir, Ahmad H Gabr, Sami A and Iqbal, Zaheen A 2016. Television watching, diet and body mass index of school children in Saudi Arabia. Pediatrics International, Vol. 58, Issue. 4, p. 290.

    Borraccino, Alberto Lemma, Patrizia Berchialla, Paola Cappello, Nazario Inchley, Joanna Dalmasso, Paola Charrier, Lorena and Cavallo, Franco 2016. Unhealthy food consumption in adolescence: role of sedentary behaviours and modifiers in 11-, 13- and 15-year-old Italians. The European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 26, Issue. 4, p. 650.

    Bucksch, Jens Sigmundova, Dagmar Hamrik, Zdenek Troped, Philip Jay Melkevik, Ole Ahluwalia, Namam Borraccino, Alberto Tynjälä, Jorma Kalman, Michal and Inchley, Joanna 2016. International Trends in Adolescent Screen-Time Behaviors From 2002 to 2010. Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 58, Issue. 4, p. 417.

    Gruszczyńska, Magdalena 2016. Nowoczesne media w życiu dziecka. Wartość czy zagrożenie?. Pediatria Polska, Vol. 91, Issue. 2, p. 149.

    Gülay Ogelman, Hülya Güngör, Hande Körükçü, Özlem and Erten Sarkaya, Hatice 2016. Examination of the relationship between technology use of 5–6 year-old children and their social skills and social status*. Early Child Development and Care, p. 1.

    Hasselkvist, Agneta Johansson, Anders and Johansson, Ann-Katrin 2016. A 4 year prospective longitudinal study of progression of dental erosion associated to lifestyle in 13–14 year-old Swedish adolescents. Journal of Dentistry, Vol. 47, p. 55.

    Sampasa-Kanyinga, Hugues and Chaput, Jean-Philippe 2016. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and energy drinks and adherence to physical activity and screen time recommendations among adolescents. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health,

    Till, Benedikt Truong, Florence Mar, Raymond A. and Niederkrotenthaler, Thomas 2016. Blurred world view: A study on the relationship between television viewing and the perception of the justice system. Death Studies, p. 1.

    Verloigne, Maïté Loyen, Anne Van Hecke, Linde Lakerveld, Jeroen Hendriksen, Ingrid De Bourdheaudhuij, Ilse Deforche, Benedicte Donnelly, Alan Ekelund, Ulf Brug, Johannes and van der Ploeg, Hidde P. 2016. Variation in population levels of sedentary time in European children and adolescents according to cross-European studies: a systematic literature review within DEDIPAC. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 13, Issue. 1,

    Vilchis-Gil, Jenny Klünder-Klünder, Miguel Duque, Ximena and Flores-Huerta, Samuel 2016. Decreased Body Mass Index in Schoolchildren After Yearlong Information Sessions With Parents Reinforced With Web and Mobile Phone Resources: Community Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, Vol. 18, Issue. 6, p. e174.

    Wu, Lei Sun, Samio He, Yao and Jiang, Bin 2016. The effect of interventions targeting screen time reduction. Medicine, Vol. 95, Issue. 27, p. e4029.

    Aibar Solana, Alberto Bois, Julien E. Zaragoza, Javier Bru, Noëlle Paillard, Thierry and Generelo, Eduardo 2015. Adolescents' Sedentary Behaviors in Two European Cities. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Vol. 86, Issue. 3, p. 233.

    Belova, Nadja Chang Rundgren, Shu-Nu and Eilks, Ingo 2015. Advertising and science education: a multi-perspective review of the literature. Studies in Science Education, Vol. 51, Issue. 2, p. 169.

    Bickham, David S. Hswen, Yulin and Rich, Michael 2015. Media use and depression: exposure, household rules, and symptoms among young adolescents in the USA. International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 60, Issue. 2, p. 147.

    Bobakova, Daniela Hamrik, Zdenek Badura, Petr Sigmundova, Dagmar Nalecz, Hania and Kalman, Michal 2015. Test–retest reliability of selected physical activity and sedentary behaviour HBSC items in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 60, Issue. 1, p. 59.

    Borrmann, A. and Mensink, Gert B.M. 2015. Obst- und Gemüsekonsum von Kindern und Jugendlichen in Deutschland. Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz, Vol. 58, Issue. 9, p. 1005.

    Busschaert, Cedric De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse Van Holle, Veerle Chastin, Sebastien FM Cardon, Greet and De Cocker, Katrien 2015. Reliability and validity of three questionnaires measuring context-specific sedentary behaviour and associated correlates in adolescents, adults and older adults. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 12, Issue. 1,

    Giese, Helge Tãut, Diana Ollila, Hanna Baban, Adriana S. Absetz, Pilvikki Schupp, Harald T. and Renner, Britta 2015. Children's and adolescents' snacking: interplay between the individual and the school class. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 6,

    Giese, Helge König, Laura M. Tăut, Diana Ollila, Hanna Băban, Adriana Absetz, Pilvikki Schupp, Harald and Renner, Britta 2015. Exploring the Association between Television Advertising of Healthy and Unhealthy Foods, Self-Control, and Food Intake in Three European Countries. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, Vol. 7, Issue. 1, p. 41.

    Moschonis, George Tsoutsoulopoulou, Konstantina Efstathopoulou, Eirini Tsirigoti, Lydia Lambrinou, Christina-Paulina Georgiou, Alexandra Filippou, Christina Lidoriki, Irene Reppas, Kyriakos Androutsos, Odysseas Lionis, Christos Chrousos, George P and Manios, Yannis 2015. Conceptual framework of a simplified multi-dimensional model presenting the environmental and personal determinants of cardiometabolic risk behaviors in childhood. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, Vol. 13, Issue. 6, p. 673.


Television viewing behaviour and associations with food habits in different countries

  • Carine A Vereecken (a1), Joanna Todd (a2), Chris Roberts (a3), Caroline Mulvihill (a4) and Lea Maes (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2007

Several environmental factors influence adolescents' food habits and television (TV) viewing is thought to be one of these factors. The purpose of the present study was to describe sociodemographic differences in TV viewing and to examine associations of TV viewing with the consumption of sweets, soft drinks, fruit and vegetables in different countries.


Data were collected from 162 305 young people completing the 2001/02 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children survey, a World Health Organization cross-national study on health and health behaviours among 11–, 13– and 15–year-old school pupils. Analyses of variance were used to examine sociodemographic differences in TV viewing and logistic regression analyses to examine associations between TV viewing and food habits.


Large differences were found between countries in reported daily TV viewing time, from an average of 2.0 h in Switzerland to 3.7 h in Ukraine. The results indicate that those most likely to watch TV are boys, 13-year-olds and pupils of lower socio-economic status. Those who watched more TV were more likely to consume sweets and soft drinks on a daily basis and less likely to consume fruit and vegetables daily, although the latter associations were not so apparent among Central and Eastern European countries.


Given the high TV viewing rates among adolescents and the association with less healthy food options, many young people are at increased risk of overweight or obesity. Interventions to modify TV viewing behaviour are needed. The findings underscore the importance of tackling socio-economic differences.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Television viewing behaviour and associations with food habits in different countries
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Television viewing behaviour and associations with food habits in different countries
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Television viewing behaviour and associations with food habits in different countries
      Available formats
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2M Story , D Neumark-Sztainer , SA French . Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviors. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2002; 102(3): S40–51.

3J Van Den Bulck , J Van Mierlo . Energy intake associated with television viewing in adolescents, a cross sectional study. Appetite 2004; 43(2): 181–4.

5VC Strasburger . Children and TV advertising: nowhere to run, nowhere to hide. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics 2001 22(3): 185–7.

6KA Coon , J Goldberg , BL Rogers , KL Tucker . Relationships between use of television during meals and children's food consumption patterns. Pediatrics 2001; 107(1): e7.

8R Boynton-Jarrett , TN Thomas , KE Peterson , J Wiecha , AM Sobol , SL Gortmaker . Impact of television viewing patterns on fruit and vegetable consumption among adolescents. Pediatrics 2003; 112(6): 1321–6.

9MK Lewis , AJ Hill . Food advertising on British children's television: a content analysis and experimental study with nine-year olds. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 1998; 22(3): 206–14.

11J Utter , D Neumark-Sztainer , R Jeffery , M Story . Couch potatoes or French fries: are sedentary behaviors associated with body mass index, physical activity, and dietary behaviors among adolescents? Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2003; 103(10): 1298–305.

12DR Woodward , FJ Cumming , PJ Ball , C Williams , H Hornsby , JA Boon . Does television affect teenagers’ food choices? Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 1997; 10: 229–35.

13N Stroebele , JM de Castro . Television viewing is associated with an increase in meal frequency in humans. Appetite 2004; 42(1): 111–3.

14R Lowry , H Wechsler , DA Galuska , JE Fulton , L Kann . Television viewing and its associations with overweight, sedentary lifestyle, and insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables among US high school students: differences by race, ethnicity, and gender. Journal of School Health 2002; 72(10): 413–21.

16American Academy of Pediatrics. Children, adolescents, and television. Pediatrics. 2001; 107(2): 423–6.

19BE Saelens , JF Sallis , PR Nader , SL Broyles , CC Berry , HL Taras . Home environmental influences on children's television watching from early to middle childhood. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 2002; 23(3): 127–32.

22S Crockett , L Sims . Environmental influences on children's eating. Journal of Nutrition Education 1995; 27: 235–49.

23C Kennedy . Examining television as an influence on children's health behaviors. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 2000; 15(5): 272–81.

24HL Taras , JF Sallis , TL Patterson , PR Nader , JA Nelson . Television's influence on children's diet and physical activity. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 1989; 10(4): 176–80.

25N Lien , C Friestad , KI Klepp . Adolescents' proxy reports of parents' socioeconomic status: how valid are they? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2001; 55(10): 731–7.

26P West , H Sweeting , E Speed . We really do know what you do: a comparison of reports from 11 year olds and their parents in respect of parental economic activity and occupation. Sociology 2001; 35(2): 539–59.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *