1World Health Organization (WHO). Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation. Geneva: WHO, 2003.
2Freeland-Graves J, Nitzke S. Position of the American Dietetic Association: total diet approach to communicating food and nutrition information. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2002; 102: 100–108.
3Rayner M, Scarborough P, Stockley L. Nutrient Profiles: Options for Definitions for Use in Relation to Food Promotion and Children’s Diets [online]. London: FSA, 2004. Available at http://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/pdfs/nutrientprofilingfullreport.pdf. Accessed 23 February 2007.
4 Scarborough P, Rayner M, Stockley L. Developing nutrient profiles: a systematic approach. Public Health Nutrition 2007; 10: 330–360.
5Rayner M, Scarborough P, Stockley L, Boxer A. Nutrient Profiles: Development of Final Model [online]. London: FSA, 2005. Available at http://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/pdfs/nutprofr.pdf. Accessed 23 February 2007.
6Rayner M, Scarborough P, Stockley L. Nutrient Profiles: Applicability of Currently Proposed Model for Uses in Relation to Promotion of Foods to Children Aged 5–10 and Adults [online]. London: FSA, 2005. Available at http://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/pdfs/nutprofmodelforadults.pdf. Accessed 23 February 2007.
7Steiner D, Norman G. Health Measurement Scales: A Practical Guide to their Development and Use, 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
8Henderson L, Gregory J, Swan G. The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years. London: HMSO, 2002.
9Health Education Authority (HEA). The Balance of Good Health. London: HEA, 1994.
10 British Nutrition Foundation. Balance of Good Health [online]. Available at http://www.nutrition.org.uk/home.asp?siteId=43§ionId=874&parentSection=320&which=1. Accessed 23 February 2007.
11Cronbach LJ, Meehl PE. Construct validity in psychological tests. Psychological Bulletin 1955; 52: 281–302.
12Clark LA, Watson D. Constructing validity: basic issues in objective scale development. Psychological Assessment 1995; 7: 209–219.
13Waijers PMCM, Feskens EJM. Indexes of Overall Diet Quality. A Review of the Literature. The Netherlands: National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, 2005.
14Seymour JD, Calle LL, Flagg EW, Coates RJ, Ford ES, Thun MJ. Diet Quality Index as a predictor of short-term mortality in the American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. American Journal of Epidemiology 2003; 157: 980–988.
15Davey GK, Spencer EA, Appleby PN, Allen NE, Knox KH, Key TJ. EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK. Public Health Nutrition 2002; 6: 259–268.
16Key T, Appleby P, Rosell M. Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2006; 65: 35–41.
17Altman DG. Practical Statistics for Medical Research. London: Chapman and Hall, 1991.
18 Scarborough P, Boxer A, Rayner M, Stockley L. Testing nutrient profile models using data from a survey of nutrition professionals. Public Health Nutrition 2007; 10: 337–345.
19ILSI Europe. Nutritional Characterisation of Foods. Science-based Approach to Nutrient Profiling. Brussels: ILSI Europe, 2006.
20Gatenby SJ, Hunt P, Rayner M. The National Food Guide: development of dietetic criteria and nutritional characteristics. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 1995; 8: 323–334.
21Coward WA, Wright A, Bluck LJC. Comparisons Between Energy Intake and Energy Expenditure in the NDNS Survey, Adults Aged 19–64 Years. Cambridge: MRC Resource Centre for Human Nutrition Research, 2000.
22Kent AK. Consumption of energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods by adult Americans: nutritional and health implications. The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988–1994. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000; 72: 929–936.
23Drewnowski A. Concept of a nutritious food: toward a nutrient density score. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2005; 82: 721–732.