Skip to main content

Vitamin D research and public health nutrition: a current perspective

  • Mona S Calvo and Christel J Lamberg-Allardt
  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Vitamin D research and public health nutrition: a current perspective
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Vitamin D research and public health nutrition: a current perspective
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Vitamin D research and public health nutrition: a current perspective
      Available formats
Corresponding author
Hide All
1. Grant, WB, Garland, HS, Gorhan, ED et al. (2009) Estimated benefit of increased vitamin D status in reducing the economic burden of disease in western Europe. Prog Biophys Mol Biol 99, 104113.
2. Hollis, B (2008) Measuring 25-hydroxyvitamin D in a clinical environment: challenges and needs. Am J Clin Nutr 88, issue 2, 507S510S.
3. Hollis, B (2010) Assessment and interpretation of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-hydroxyvitamin D in the clinical environment. Endocrine Metab Clin N Am 39, 271286.
4. Jones, G (2014) Interpreting vitamin D assay results: proceed with caution. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 10, 331334.
5. Binkely, N, Dawson-Hughes, B, Durazo-Arvizu, R et al. (2016) Vitamin D measurement standardization: the way out of chaos. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol (Epublication ahead of print version).
6. Hilger, J, Friedel, A, Herr, R et al. (2014) A systematic review of vitamin D status in populations worldwide. Br J Nutr 11, 2345.
7. Cashman, KD, Dowling, KG, Skrabakova, Z et al. (2016) Vitamin D deficiency in Europe: pandemic? Am J Clin Nutr 103, 10331044.
8. Autier, P, Boniol, M, Pizot, C et al. (2014) Vitamin D status and ill health: a systematic review. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2, 7689.
9. Theodoratou, E, Tzoulaki, I, Zgaga, L et al. (2014) Vitamin D and multiple health outcomes: umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies and randomized trials. BMJ 38, g2035.
10. McDonnell, SL, Baggerly, C, French, CB et al. (2016) Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations ≥40 ng/ml are associated with >65% lower cancer risk: pooled analysis of randomized trial and prospective cohort study. PLoS One 11, e0152441.
11. Gaksch, M, Jorde, R, Grimnes, G et al. (2017) Vitamin D and mortality: individual participant data meta-analysis of standardized 25-hydroxyvitamin D in 26916 individuals from the European consortium. PLoS One 12, eo17091.
12. Itkonen, ST & Lamberg-Allardt, C (2016) Food fortification as a means to increase vitamin D intake. Br J Nutr 115, 20752076.
13. Jääskeläinen, T, Itkonen, ST, Lundqvist, A et al. (2017) The positive impact of general vitamin D food fortification policy on vitamin D status in a representative adult Finnish population: evidence from an 11-y follow-up based on standardized 25-hydroxyvitamin D data. Am J Clin Nutr 105, 15121520.
14. Babu, US & Calvo, MS (2010) Modern India and the vitamin D dilemma: evidence for the need of a national food fortification program. Mol Nutr Food Res 54, 11341147.
15. Whiting, SJ, Vatanparast, H, Taylor, JG et al. (2010) Barriers to the use of vitamin and mineral supplements are similar to those for healthy eating in lower income adults. Can J Diet Pract Res 71, 7076.
16. Lhamo, Y, Chugh, Pk & Tripathi, CD (2016) Vitamin D in the Indian market. Indian J Pharm Sci 78, 4147.
17. Viljakainen, HT, Vaisanen, M, Kemi, V et al. (2009) Wintertime vitamin D supplementation inhibits seasonal variation of calcitropic hormones and maintains bone turnover in healthy men. J Bone Miner Res 24, 346352.
18. Pittaway, JK, Ahuja, KD, Becket, JM et al. (2013) Make vitamin D while the sun shines, take supplements when it doesn’t: a longitudinal, observational study of older adults in Tasmania, Australia. PLoS One 8, e59063.
19. O’Neill, CM, Kazantzidis, A, Ryan, MG et al. (2016) Seasonal changes in vitamin D – effective UVB availability in Europe and association with population serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Nutrients 8, 533548.
20. Cashman, KD, Kazantzidid, A, Webb, AR et al. (2015) An integrated predictive model of population serum 25-hydroxyvitmin D for application in strategy development for vitamin D deficiency prevention. J Nutr 145, 24192425.
21. Sempos, CT, Vespers, HW, Phinney, KW et al. (2012) Vitamin D status as an international issue: national surveys and the problem of standardization. Scand J Clin Lab Invest Suppl 243, 3240.
22. Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board (2011) Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
23. Holick, MF, Binkley, NC, Bischoff-Ferrari, HA et al. (2011) Evaluation, treatment and prevention of vitamin D deficiency. An Endocrine Society Practice Guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 96, 19111930.
24. Newberry, SJ, Chung, M, Shekelle, PG et al. (2014) Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes (Update). Evidence Report/Technology Assessment no. 217. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
25. Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (2016) Vitamin D and Health. (accessed June 2017).
26. European Food Safety Authority, Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (2013) Scientific Opinion on the Tolerable upper intake level of vitamin D. EFSA J 10, 2813.
27. Sempos, CT, Durazo-Arvizu, RA, Binkley, N et al. (2016) Developing vitamin D assay standardization: the ever-present past. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 164, 115119.
28. De La Hunty, A, Wallace, AM, Gibson, S et al. (2010) UK Food Standards Agency Workshop Consensus report: the choice of method for measuring 25-hydroxyvitamin D to estimate vitamin D status for the UK National diet and Nutrition Survey. Br J Nutr 104, 612619.
29. Wallace, AM, Gibson, S, de la Hunty, A et al. (2010) Measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the clinical laboratory: current procedures, performance characteristics and limitations. Steroids 75, 477488.
30. DEQAS (Vitamin D External Quality Assessment Scheme) (2015) Homepage. (accessed June 2017).
31. Carter, CD (2012) 25-hydroxyvitamin D: a difficult analyte. Clin Chem 58, 486488.
32. Snellman, G, Melhus, H, Gedebourg, R et al. (2010) Determining vitamin D status: a comparison between commercially available assays. PLoS One 5, e11555.
33. Carter, GD (2011) Accuracy of 25-hydroxyvitamin D assays: confronting the issues. Curr Drug Targets 12, 1928.
34. Farrell, CJ, Martin, S, McWhinney, B et al. (2012) State-of-the-art vitamin D assays: a comparison of automated immunoassays with liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry methods. Clin Chem 58, 531542.
35. Heijboer, A, Blankenstein, M, Kema, IP et al. (2012) Routine 25-hydroxyvitamin D assays influence vitamin D binding protein concentrations. Clin Chem 58, 543548.
36. Cashman, KD, Hayes, A, Galvin, K et al. (2015) Significance of serum 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in the assessment of vitamin D status: a double-edged sword. Clin Chem 61, 636645.
37. Baily, D, Perumal, N, Yazdanpanah, M et al. (2014) Maternal–fetal dynamics of the c3-epimer of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Clin Biochem 47, 816822.
38. National Institute of Standards and Technology (2010) NIST SRM 2972 25-Hydroxyvitamin D2 and D3 Calibration Solutions. In SRM Spotlight, March 2010, p. 4. (accessed June 2017).
39. Cashman, KD, Kiely, M, Kinsella, M et al. (2013) Evaluation of vitamin D standardization program protocols for standardizing serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D data: a case study of the program’s potential for national nutrition and health surveys. Am J Clin Nutr 97, 12351242.
40. Saki, F, Dabbaghmanesh, MH & Omrani, GR (2017) Vitamin D deficiency and its associated risk factors in children and adolescents in southern Iran. Public Health Nutr 20, 18511856.
41. McCormack, D, Mai, X & Chen, Y (2017) Determinants of vitamin D supplement use in Canadians. Public Health Nutr 20, 17681774.
42. Yun, C, Chen, J, He, Y et al. (2017) Vitamin D deficiency prevalence and risk factors among pregnant Chinese women. Public Health Nutr 20, 17461754.
43. Perumal, N, Mahmud, AA, Baqui, AH et al. (2017) Prenatal vitamin D supplementation and infant vitamin D status in Bangladesh. Public Health Nutr 20, 18651873.
44. Sandmann, A, Amling, M, Barvencik, F et al. (2017) Economic evaluation of vitamin D and calcium food fortification for fracture prevention in Germany. Public Health Nutr 20, 18741883.
45. Ahmed, AMS, Ahmed, T, Long, KZ et al. (2017) Prevalence and risk factors of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency among 6–24-month-old underweight and normal weight children living in an urban slum of Bangladesh. Public Health Nutr 20, 17181728.
46. Rajan, S, Weishaar, T & Keller, B (2017) Weight and skin colour as predictors of vitamin D status: results of an epidemiological investigation using nationally representative data. Public Health Nutr 20, 18571864.
47. Djekic-Ivankovic, M, Weiler, H, Jones, G et al. (2017) Vitamin D status in mothers with pre-eclampsia and their infants: a case–control study from Serbia, a country without a vitamin D fortification policy. Public Health Nutr 20, 18251835.
48. Heath, AK, Williamson, EJ, Kvaskoff, D et al. (2017) 25-Hydroxyvitamin D concentration and all-cause mortality: the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study. Public Health Nutr 20, 17751784.
49. Naqvi, A, Solomons, NW, Campos, R et al. (2017) Vitamin D status among indigenous Mayan (Kekchi) and Afro-Caribe (Garifuna) adolescents from Guatemala: A comparative description between two ethnic groups residing on the Rio Dulce at the Caribbean Coast in Izabal Province, Guatemala. Public Health Nutr 20, 17291737.
50. Moy, FM, Hoe, VCW, Hairi, NN et al. (2017) Vitamin D deficiency and depression among women from an urban community in a tropical country. Public Health Nutr 20, 18441850.
51. Pannu, PK, Zhao, Y, Soares, MJ et al. (2017) The associations of vitamin D status and dietary calcium with the metabolic syndrome: an analysis of the Victorian Health Monitor survey. Public Health Nutr 20, 17851796.
52. Lee, S-H, Suh, E, Park, K-C et al. (2017) Association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and total serum cholesterol with depressive symptoms in Korean adults: The Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V, 2010–2012). Public Health Nutr 20, 18361843.
53. Vogt, S, Baumert, J, Peter, A et al. (2017) Effect of waist circumference on the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and serum lipids: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2006. Public Health Nutr 20, 17971806.
54. O’Brien, DM, Thummel, KE, Bulkow, LR et al. (2017) Declines in traditional marine food intake and vitamin D levels from the 1960s to present in young Alaska Native women. Public Health Nutr 20, 17381745.
55. Sudhanshu, S, Upadhyay, P, Sahu, M et al. (2017) Sun exposure, UV irradiance and serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol in pregnant women in rural north India. Public Health Nutr 20, 17551759.
56. Flores, A, Flores, M, Macias, N et al. (2017) Vitamin D deficiency is common and is associated with overweight in Mexican children aged 1–11 years. Public Health Nutr 20, 18071815.
57. Omand, JA, To, T, O’Connor, DL et al. (2017) 25-Hydroxyvitamin D supplementation and health service utilization for upper respiratory tract infection in young children. Public Health Nutr 20, 18161824.
58. Holland, A & Moffat, T (2017) Comparing measured calcium and vitamin D intakes with perceptions of intake in Canadian young adults: insights for designing osteoporosis prevention education. Public Health Nutr 20, 17601767.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed