Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Weight loss by mobile phone: a 1-year effectiveness study

  • Irja Haapala (a1), Noël C Barengo (a2), Simon Biggs (a3), Leena Surakka (a4) and Pirjo Manninen (a5)...

Abstract

Objective

To investigate the short- and long-term effectiveness and the predictors of weight loss in a mobile phone weight-loss programme among healthy overweight adults.

Design

One hundred and twenty-five healthy, overweight (BMI = 26–36 kg/m2), 25–44-year-old, screened volunteers were randomized to an experimental group (n 62) to use a mobile phone-operated weight-loss programme or to a control group (n 63) with no intervention. Via text messaging, the programme instructed a staggered reduction of food intake and daily weight reporting with immediate tailored feedback. Assessments were at 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months for the experimental group; at 0 and 12 months for the control group. Main outcome variables were changes in body weight and waist circumference.

Results

By 12 months the experimental group had lost significantly more weight than the control group (4·5 (sd 5·0) v. 1·1 (sd 5·8) kg; F(1,80) = 8·0, P = 0·006) and had a greater reduction in waist circumference (6·3 (sd 5·3) v. 2·4 (sd 5·4) cm; F(1,80) = 55·2, P = 0·0001). Early weight loss, self-efficacy, contact frequency, attitudes towards the medium, changes in work and family life and changes made in dietary habits were the strongest predictors of weight loss.

Conclusions

This mobile phone weight-loss programme was effective in short- and long-term weight loss. As a minimum-advice, maximal-contact programme, it offers ideas for future weight-loss programmes.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Weight loss by mobile phone: a 1-year effectiveness study
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Weight loss by mobile phone: a 1-year effectiveness study
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Weight loss by mobile phone: a 1-year effectiveness study
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Email irja.haapala@joensuu.fi

References

Hide All
1.Tsai, AG & Wadden, TA (2005) Systematic review: An evaluation of major commercial weight loss programs in the United States. Ann Intern Med 142, 666.
2.Rothert, K, Strecher, VJ, Doyle, LA, Caplan, WM, Joyce, JS, Jimison, HB, Karm, LM, Mims, AD & Roth, MA (2006) Web-based weight management programs in an integrated health care setting: a randomized, controlled trial. Obesity 14, 266272.
3.Gold, BC, Burke, S, Pintauro, S, Buzzell, P & Harvey-Berino, J (2007) Weight loss on the web: a pilot study comparing a structured behavioral intervention to a commercial program. Obesity 15, 155164.
4.Tate, DF, Wing, RR & Winett, RA (2001) Using Internet technology to deliver a behavioral weight loss program. JAMA 285, 11721177.
5.Harvey-Berino, J, Pintauro, S, Buzzell, P et al. (2002) Does using the Internet facilitate the maintenance of weight loss? Int J Obes Res 26, 12541260.
6.Womble, LG, Wadden, TA, McGuckin, BG, Sargent, SL, Rothman, RA & Krauthamer-Ewing, ES (2004) A randomized controlled trial of a commercial internet weight loss program. Obes Res 12, 10111018.
7.Tate, DF, Jackvony, EH & Wing, RR (2006) A randomized trail comparing human e-mail counseling, computer-automated tailored counseling, and no counseling in an internet weight loss program. Arch Intern Med 166, 16201625.
8.National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute & North American Association for the Study of Obesity (2000) The Practical Guide to the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health.
9.World Health Organization (2000) Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. WHO Technical Report Series no. 894. Geneva: WHO.
10.Hiltz, SR (1988) Productivity enhancement from computer-mediated communication: a systems contingency approach. Commun ACM 31, 14381454.
11.Bandura, A (1997) Self-efficacy. The Exercise of Control. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.
12.Lohman, TG, Roche, AF & Martorell, R (1991) Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual, abridged edition. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Books.
13.Owen, OE, Holup, JL, D’Alessio, DA et al. (1987) A reappraisal of the caloric requirements of men. Am J Clin Nutr 46, 875885.
14.Shetty, PS, Henry, CJ, Black, AE & Prentice, AM (1996) Energy requirements of adults: an update on basal metabolic rates (BMRs) and physical activity levels (PALs). Eur J Clin Nutr 50, Suppl., S11S23.
15.Cameron, R, MacDonald, MA, Schlegel, RP, Young, CI, Fisher, SE, Killen, JD, Rogers, T, Horlick, L & Shepel, LF (1990) Toward the development of self-help health behaviour change programs: weight loss by correspondence. Can J Public Health 81, 275279.
16.Miller, WC, Eggert, KE, Wallace, JP, Lindeman, AK & Jastremski, C (1993) Successful weight loss in a self-taught, self-administered program. Int J Sports Med 14, 401405.
17.Hellerstedt, WL & Jeffery, RW (1997) The effects of a telephone-based intervention on weight loss. Am J Health Promot 11, 177182.
18.Latner, JD, Wilson, GT, Stunkard, AJ & Jackson, ML (2002) Self-help and long-term behavior therapy for obesity. Behav Res Ther 40, 805812.
19.Heshka, S, Anderson, JW, Atkinson, RL, Greenway, FL, Hill, JO, Phinney, SD, Kolotkin, RL, Miller-Kovach, K & Pi-Sunyer, FX (2003) Weight loss with self-help compared with a structured commercial program: a randomized trial. JAMA 289, 17921798.
20.Anderson, JW, Konz, EC, Frederich, RC & Wood, CL (2001) Long-term weight-loss maintenance: a meta-analysis of US studies. Am J Clin Nutr 74, 579584.
21.Hiemstra, R (2006) Has the Internet Changed Self-Directed Learning? Paper presented at the 20th International Self-Directed Learning Symposium, Cocoa Beach, FL, 8–11 February 2006. http://www-distance.syr.edu/InternetandSDL.html (accessed October 2007).
22.Jeffery, RW, Drewnowski, A, Epstein, LH, Stunkard, AJ, Wilson, GT, Wing, RR & Hill, DR (2000) Long-term maintenance of weight loss: current status. Health Psychol 19, Suppl., 5S16S.
23.Teixeira, PJ, Going, SB, Sardinha, LB & Lohman, TG (2005) A review of psychosocial pre-treatment predictors of weight control. Obes Rev 6, 4365.
24.Perri, MG, McAllister, DA, Gange, JJ, Jordan, RC, McAdoo, G & Nezu, AM (1988) Effects of four maintenance programs on the long-term management of obesity. J Consult Clin Psychol 56, 529534.
25.Wadden, TA, Butryn, ML & Byrne, KJ (2004) Efficacy of lifestyle modification for long-term weight control. Obes Res 12, Suppl., 151S162S.
26.Wing, RR & Hill, JO (2001) Successful weight loss maintenance. Annu Rev Nutr 21, 323341.
27.Linde, JA, Jeffery, RW, French, SA, Pronk, NP & Boyle, RG (2005) Self-weighing in weight gain prevention and weight loss trials. Ann Behav Med 30, 210216.
28.White, MA, Martin, PD, Newton, RL, Walden, HM, York-Crowe, EE, Gordon, ST, Ryan, DH & Williamson, DA (2004) Mediators of weight loss in a family-based intervention presented over the Internet. Obes Res 12, 10501059.
29.Maibach, E, Flora, JA & Nass, C (1991) Changes in self-efficacy and health behavior in response to a minimal contact community health campaign. Health Commun 3, 115.
30.Palmeira, AL, Teixeira, PJ, Branco, TL, Martins, SS, Minderico, CS, Barata, JT, Serpa, SO & Sardinha, LB (2007) Predicting short-term weight loss using four leading health behavior change theories. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 4, 14.
31.Wing, RR, Tate, DF, Gorin, AA, Raynor, HA & Fava, JL (2006) A self-regulation program for maintenance of weight loss. N Engl J Med 355, 15631571.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed