1.Noah, A & Truswell, AS (2001) There are many Mediterranean diets. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 10, 2–9.
2.Karamanos, B, Thanopoulou, A, Angelico, F et al. (2002) Nutritional habits in the Mediterranean basin. The macronutrient composition of diet and its relation with the traditional Mediterranean diet. Multi-centre study of the Mediterranean Group for the Study of Diabetes (MGSD). Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 983–991.
3.Willett, WC, Sacks, F, Trichopoulou, A, Drescher, G, Ferro-Luzzi, A, Helsing, E & Trichopoulos, D (1995) Mediterranean diet pyramid: a cultural model for healthy eating. Am J Clin Nutr 61, 1402S–1406S.
4.Trichopoulou, A (2004) Traditional Mediterranean diet and longevity in the elderly: a review. Public Health Nutr 7, 943–947.
5.Serra-Majem, L, Trichopoulou, A, Ngo de la Cruz, J, Cervera, P, Garcia Alvarez, A, La Vecchia, C, Lemtouni, A & Trichopoulos, D (2004) Does the definition of the Mediterranean diet need to be updated? Public Health Nutr 7, 927–929.
6.Bach-Faig, A, Geleva, D, Carrasco, JL, Ribas-Barba, L & Serra-Majem, L (2006) Evaluating associations between Mediterranean diet adherence indexes and biomarkers of diet and disease. Public Health Nutr 9, 1110–1117.
7.Keys, A (editor) (1980) Seven Countries: A Multivariate Analysis of Death and Coronary Heart Disease, 1st ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
8.Serra-Majem, L, Roman, B & Estruch, R (2006) Scientific evidence of interventions using the Mediterranean diet: a systematic review. Nutr Rev 64, S27–S47.
9.Sofi, F, Cesari, F, Abbate, R, Gensini, GF & Casini, A (2008) Adherence to Mediterranean diet and health status: meta-analysis. BMJ 337, a1344.
10.Bach, A, Serra-Majem, L, Carrasco, JL, Roman, B, Ngo, J, Bertomeu, I & Obrador, B (2006) The use of indexes evaluating the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in epidemiological studies: a review. Public Health Nutr 9, 132–146.
11.Bach-Faig, A, Fuentes-Bol, C, Ramos, D, Carrasco, JL, Roman, B, Bertomeu, IF, Geleva, D & Serra-Majem, L (2008). The Mediterranean Diet in Spain: adherence trends during the past two decades. (In the Press).
12.Balanza, R, Garcia-Lorda, P, Perez-Rodrigo, C, Aranceta, J, Bonet, MB & Salas-Salvado, J (2007) Trends in food availability determined by the Food and Agriculture Organization’s food balance sheets in Mediterranean Europe in comparison with other European areas. Public Health Nutr 10, 168–176.
13.Fidanza, F, Alberti, A, Lanti, M & Menotti, A (2004) Mediterranean adequacy index: correlation with 25-year mortality from coronary heart disease in the Seven Countries Study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 14, 254–258.
14.Rodrigues, SSP, Caraher, M, Trichopoulou, A & de Almeida, MDV (2007) Portuguese households’ diet quality (adherence to Mediterranean food pattern and compliance with WHO population dietary goals): trends, regional disparities and socioeconomic determinants. Eur J Clin Nutr 62, 1263–1272.
15.Jacobs, K & Sumner, DA (2002) The Food Balance Sheets of the Food and Agriculture Organization: A review of Potential Ways to Broaden the Appropriate uses of the Data. Berkeley, CL: Department of Agricultural Economics, University of California.
16.Alberti-Fidanza, A, Fidanza, F, Chiuchiu, MP, Verducci, G & Fruttini, D (1999) Dietary studies on two rural Italian population groups of the Seven Countries Study. 3. Trend of food and nutrient intake from 1960 to 1991. Eur J Clin Nutr 53, 854–860.
17.Alberti, A, Fruttini, D & Fidanza, F (2009) The Mediterranean adequacy index: further confirming results of validity. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 19, 61–66.
18.Alberti-Fidanza, A & Fidanza, F (2004) Mediterranean adequacy index of Italian diets. Public Health Nutr 7, 937–941.
19.Chen, Q & Marques-Vidal, P (2007) Trends in food availability in Portugal in 1966–2003: comparison with other Mediterranean countries. Eur J Nutr 46, 418–427.
20.Lasheras, C, Fernandez, S & Patterson, AM (2000) Mediterranean diet and age with respect to overall survival in institutionalized, nonsmoking elderly people. Am J Clin Nutr 71, 987–992.
21.Schmidhuber, J & Traill, WB (2006) The changing structure of diets in the European Union in relation to healthy eating guidelines. Public Health Nutr 9, 584–595.
22.Trichopoulos, D & Lagiou, P (2004) Mediterranean diet and overall mortality differences in the European Union. Public Health Nutr 7, 949–951.
23.Rodrigues, SSP, Lopes, C, Naska, A, Trichopoulou, A & de Almeida, MDV (2007) Comparison of national food supply, household food availability and individual food consumption data in Portugal. J Public Health 15, 447–455.
24.Serra-Majem, L, MacLean, D, Ribas, L, Brule, D, Sekula, W, Prattala, R, Garcia-Closas, R, Yngve, A, Lalonde, M & Petrasovits, A (2003) Comparative analysis of nutrition data from national, household, and individual levels: results from a WHO–CINDI collaborative project in Canada, Finland, Poland, and Spain. J Epidemiol Community Health 57, 74–80.
25.Noah, A & Truswell, S (2003) Commodities consumed in Italy, Greece and other Mediterranean countries compared with Australia in 1960s and 1990s. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 12, 23–29.
26.Rodríguez-Artalejo, F, Banegas, JR, Graciani, A, Herndndez-Vecino, R & Rey-Calero, J (1996) Food supply versus household survey data: Nutrient consumption trends for Spain, 1958–1988. Eur J Epidemiol 12, 367–371.
27.Alexandratos, N (2006) The Mediterranean diet in a world context. Public Health Nutr 9, 111–117.
28.Garcia-Closas, R, Berenguer, A & Gonzalez, CA (2006) Changes in food supply in Mediterranean countries from 1961 to 2001. Public Health Nutr 9, 53–60.
29.Regmi, A, Ballenger, N & Putnam, J (2004) Globalisation and income growth promote the Mediterranean diet. Public Health Nutr 7, 977–983.
30.Vareiro, D, Bach-Faig, A, Raido, B, Bertomeu, I, Buckland, G, de Almeida, MDV & Serra-Majem, L (2008) Availabitity of Mediterranean and non-Mediterranean foods during the last four decades: comparison of several geographical areas. Public Health Nutr 12(1A), 77–85.
31.Helsing, E (1995) Traditional diets and disease patterns of the Mediterranean, circa 1960. Am J Clin Nutr 61, 1329S–1337S.
32.Zeghichi-Hamri, S & Kallithraka, S (2007) Mediterranean diet in the Maghreb: an update. World Rev Nutr Diet 97, 139–161.
33.Tessier, S & Gerber, M (2005) Factors determining the nutrition transition in two Mediterranean islands: Sardinia and Malta. Public Health Nutr 8, 1286–1292.
34.de Lorgeril, M, Salen, P, Paillard, F, Laporte, F, Boucher, F & de Leiris, J (2002) Mediterranean diet and the French paradox: two distinct biogeographic concepts for one consolidated scientific theory on the role of nutrition in coronary heart disease. Cardiovasc Res 54, 503–515.
35.Gerber, M (2006) Qualitative methods to evaluate Mediterranean diet in adults. Public Health Nutr 9, 147–151.
36.Bacaria, J, Folch, R, París, A et al. (editors) (1999) The Mediterranean landscape structure. In Mediterranean Area and Landscape: Environmental Atlas of the Mediterranean, pp. 74–180. Portic: Barcelona.
37.Naska, A, Fouskakis, D, Oikonomou, E et al. (2005) Dietary patterns and their socio-demographic determinants in 10 European countries: data from the DAFNE databank. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 181–190.
38.Kouris-Blazos, A, Gnardellis, C, Wahlqvist, ML, Trichopoulos, D, Lukito, W & Trichopoulou, A (1999) Are the advantages of the Mediterranean diet transferable to other populations? A cohort study in Melbourne, Australia. Br J Nutr 82, 57–61.
39.Tokudome, S, Nagaya, T, Okuyama, H et al. (2000) Japanese versus Mediterranean Diets and Cancer. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 1, 61–66.
40.Serra-Majem, L (2004) Japomediterranean diet? Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 1324–1325.
41.Tokudome, S, Ichikawa, Y, Okuyama, H et al. (2004) The Mediterranean vs the Japanese diet. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 1323.
42.Dernini, S (2006) Towards the advancement of the Mediterranean food cultures. Public Health Nutrition 9, 103–104.
43.Hu, FB, Rimm, EB, Stampfer, MJ, Ascherio, A, Spiegelman, D & Willett, WC (2000) Prospective study of major dietary patterns and risk of coronary heart disease in men. Am J Clin Nutr 72, 912–921.
44.Popkin, BM & Gordon-Larsen, P (2004) The nutrition transition: worldwide obesity dynamics and their determinants. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28, S2–S9.
45.Byrd-Bredbenner, C, Lagiou, P & Trichopoulou, A (2000) A comparison of household food availability in 11 countries. J Hum Nutr Diet 13, 197–204.
46.Lachat, C, Van Camp, J, De Henauw, S, Matthys, C, Larondelle, Y, Remaut-De Winter, AM & Kolsterena, P (2005) A concise overview of national nutrition action plans in the European Union member states. Public Health Nutr 8, 266–274.