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    Musaiger, Abdulrahman O. Hammad, Shatha S. Tayyem, Reema F. and Qatatsheh, Ala A. 2015. Socio-demographic and dietary factors associated with obesity among female university students in Jordan. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Vol. 27, Issue. 3,

    Zeeni, Nadine Safieddine, Hiba and Doumit, Rita 2015. Eating Disorders in Lebanon: Directions for Public Health Action. Community Mental Health Journal,

    Mallick, Nadira Ray, Subha and Mukhopadhyay, Susmita 2014. Eating Behaviours and Body Weight Concerns among Adolescent Girls. Advances in Public Health, Vol. 2014, p. 1.

    Musaiger, Abdulrahman O. Al-Mannai, Mariam Tayyem, Reema Al-Lalla, Osama Ali, Essa Y.A. Kalam, Faiza Benhamed, Mofida M. Saghir, Sabri Halahleh, Ismail Djoudi, Zahra and Chirane, Manel 2013. Risk of disordered eating attitudes among adolescents in seven Arab countries by gender and obesity: A cross-cultural study. Appetite, Vol. 60, p. 162.

    Wirtz, Amanda L. and Madanat, Hala N. 2012. Westernization, Intuitive Eating, and BMI: An Exploration of Jordanian Adolescents. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, Vol. 33, Issue. 3, p. 275.


Young urban women and the nutrition transition in Jordan

  • Hala N Madanat (a1), Ryan Lindsay (a2) and Tiffany Campbell (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 12 August 2010

To determine the nutrition transition stage of female Jordanian college students.


A cross-sectional survey was used to assess eating styles, disordered eating attitudes and behaviours, body esteem and dissatisfaction, and media influence.


Public and private universities in Jordan.


A total of 255 subjects were recruited through a government-initiated youth campaign.


The majority of participants had a normal BMI (70·6 %) with almost all (99·4 %) reporting restrained eating behaviour. Scores on the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) indicated that 45·2 % of these female college students should be screening for eating disorders. Subscales of the Body Esteem Scale (BES) showed that these women did not have substantial body esteem issues and mean scores on the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-3) indicated that overall these women did not feel the media was dictating the way their body should look. Where Jordanian women did feel pressure from Western media, there was a 6·7-fold increase in the likelihood that they wanted to lose weight. In addition, 48·2 % of the female college students desired to lose weight and 14·4 % desired weight gain, indicating a certain level of body dissatisfaction.


With low levels of overweight and obesity and a propensity towards eating based on external hunger cues, college-aged Jordanian women may be less advanced in their development through the nutrition transition than the general population of women. However, high levels of restrained eating and disordered eating attitudes and behaviours indicate the need for an intervention to address healthy weight-loss strategies, assess eating disorders and help maintain healthy body esteem.

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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
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