Max, L. Rippert, N. Lembke-Jene, L. Mackensen, A. Nürnberg, D. and Tiedemann, R. 2017. Evidence for enhanced convection of North Pacific Intermediate Water to the low-latitude Pacific under glacial conditions. Paleoceanography, Vol. 32, Issue. 1, p. 41.
Mokeddem, Zohra and McManus, Jerry F. 2017. Insights into North Atlantic deep water formation during the peak interglacial interval of Marine Isotope Stage 9 (MIS 9). Climate Dynamics,
Poggemann, David-Willem Hathorne, Ed C. Nürnberg, Dirk Frank, Martin Bruhn, Imke Reißig, Stefan and Bahr, André 2017. Rapid deglacial injection of nutrients into the tropical Atlantic via Antarctic Intermediate Water. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 463, p. 118.
Tian, Jun Ma, Xiaolin Zhou, Jianhong and Wang, Wenjie 2017. Subsidence of the northern South China Sea and formation of the Bashi Strait in the latest Miocene: Paleoceanographic evidences from 9-Myr high resolution benthic foraminiferal δ18O and δ13C records. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 466, p. 382.
Zumaque, Jena Eynaud, Frédérique and de Vernal, Anne 2017. Holocene paleoceanography of the Bay of Biscay: Evidence for west-east linkages in the North Atlantic based on dinocyst data. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 468, p. 403.
Cornuault, Marine Vidal, Laurence Tachikawa, Kazuyo Licari, Laetitia Rouaud, Guillaume Sonzogni, Corinne and Revel, Marie 2016. Deep water circulation within the eastern Mediterranean Sea over the last 95kyr: New insights from stable isotopes and benthic foraminiferal assemblages. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 459, p. 1.
Gebbie, Geoffrey Streletz, Gregory J. and Spero, Howard J. 2016. How well would modern-day oceanic property distributions be known with paleoceanographic-like observations?. Paleoceanography, Vol. 31, Issue. 4, p. 472.
Gottschalk, Julia Skinner, Luke C. Lippold, Jörg Vogel, Hendrik Frank, Norbert Jaccard, Samuel L. and Waelbroeck, Claire 2016. Biological and physical controls in the Southern Ocean on past millennial-scale atmospheric CO2 changes. Nature Communications, Vol. 7, p. 11539.
Gottschalk, Julia Vázquez Riveiros, Natalia Waelbroeck, Claire Skinner, Luke C. Michel, Elisabeth Duplessy, Jean-Claude Hodell, David and Mackensen, Andreas 2016. Carbon isotope offsets between benthic foraminifer species of the genus Cibicides (Cibicidoides ) in the glacial sub-Antarctic Atlantic. Paleoceanography, Vol. 31, Issue. 12, p. 1583.
Mackensen, Andreas and Schmiedl, Gerhard 2016. Brine formation recorded by stable isotopes of Recent benthic foraminifera in Storfjorden, Svalbard: palaeoceanographical implications. Boreas, Vol. 45, Issue. 3, p. 552.
Marson, Juliana M. Mysak, Lawrence A. Mata, Mauricio M. and Wainer, Ilana 2016. Evolution of the deep Atlantic water masses since the last glacial maximum based on a transient run of NCAR-CCSM3. Climate Dynamics, Vol. 47, Issue. 3-4, p. 865.
Mokeddem, Zohra and McManus, Jerry F. 2016. Persistent climatic and oceanographic oscillations in the subpolar North Atlantic during the MIS 6 glaciation and MIS 5 interglacial. Paleoceanography, Vol. 31, Issue. 6, p. 758.
Schmittner, A. and Somes, C. J. 2016. Complementary constraints from carbon (13C) and nitrogen (15N) isotopes on the glacial ocean's soft-tissue biological pump. Paleoceanography, Vol. 31, Issue. 6, p. 669.
Ullermann, Johannes Lamy, Frank Ninnemann, Ulysses Lembke-Jene, Lester Gersonde, Rainer and Tiedemann, Ralf 2016. Pacific-Atlantic Circumpolar Deep Water coupling during the last 500 ka. Paleoceanography, Vol. 31, Issue. 6, p. 639.
Carriquiry, José D. Sanchez, Alberto and Leduc, Guillaume 2015. Southern Ocean influence on the eastern tropical North Pacific's intermediate-depth circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Paleoceanography, Vol. 30, Issue. 8, p. 1132.
Gebbie, Geoffrey Peterson, Carlye D. Lisiecki, Lorraine E. and Spero, Howard J. 2015. Global-mean marine δ13C and its uncertainty in a glacial state estimate. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 125, p. 144.
Knudson, Karla P. and Ravelo, Ana Christina 2015. North Pacific Intermediate Water circulation enhanced by the closure of the Bering Strait. Paleoceanography, Vol. 30, Issue. 10, p. 1287.
Oppo, Delia W. Curry, William B. and McManus, Jerry F. 2015. What do benthic δ13C and δ18O data tell us about Atlantic circulation during Heinrich Stadial 1?. Paleoceanography, Vol. 30, Issue. 4, p. 353.
Repschläger, Janne Weinelt, Mara Andersen, Nils Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter and Schneider, Ralph 2015. Northern source for Deglacial and Holocene deepwater composition changes in the Eastern North Atlantic Basin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 425, p. 256.
Wollenburg, Jutta E. Raitzsch, Markus and Tiedemann, Ralf 2015. Novel high-pressure culture experiments on deep-sea benthic foraminifera — Evidence for methane seepage-related δ13C of Cibicides wuellerstorfi. Marine Micropaleontology, Vol. 117, p. 47.
The 13C/12C ratios of Upper Holocene benthic foraminiferal tests (genera Cibicides and Uvigerina) of deep sea cores from the various world ocean basins have been compared with those of the modern total carbon dioxide (TCO2) measured during the GEOSECS program. The δ13C difference between benthic foraminifera and TCO2 is 0.07 ± 0.04‰ for Cibicides and −0.83 ± 0.07‰ for Uvigerina at the 95% confidence level. δ13C analyses of the benthic foraminifera that lived during the last interglaciation (isotopic substage 5e, about 120,000 yr ago) show that the bulk of the TCO2 in the world ocean had a δ13C value 0.15 ± 0.12‰ lower than the modern one at the 95% confidence level, reflecting a depletion, compared to the present value, of the global organic carbon reservoir. Regional differences in δ13C between the various oceanic basins are explained by a pattern of deep water circulation different from the modern one: the Antarctic Bottom Water production was higher than today during the last interglaciation, but the eastward transport in the Circumpolar Deep Water was lower.
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