Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

A 2000-yr reconstruction of air temperature in the Great Basin of the United States with specific reference to the Medieval Climatic Anomaly

  • Scott A. Reinemann (a1), David F. Porinchu (a2), Glen M. MacDonald (a3) (a4), Bryan G. Mark (a1) and James Q. DeGrand (a1)...
Abstract
Abstract

A sediment core representing the past two millennia was recovered from Stella Lake in the Snake Range of the central Great Basin in Nevada. The core was analyzed for sub-fossil chironomids and sediment organic content. A quantitative reconstruction of mean July air temperature (MJAT) was developed using a regional training set and a chironomid-based WA-PLS inference model (r2 jack = 0.55, RMSEP = 0.9°C). The chironomid-based MJAT reconstruction suggests that the interval between AD 900 and AD 1300, corresponding to the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA), was characterized by MJAT elevated 1.0°C above the subsequent Little Ice Age (LIA), but likely not as warm as recent conditions. Comparison of the Stella Lake temperature reconstruction to previously published paleoclimate records from this region indicates that the temperature fluctuations inferred to have occurred at Stella Lake between AD 900 and AD 1300 correspond to regional records documenting hydroclimate variability during the MCA interval. The Stella Lake record provides evidence that elevated summer temperature contributed to the increased aridity that characterized the western United States during the MCA.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. E-mail address: reinemann.2@osu.edu (S.A. Reinemann).
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Y. Asmerom , V. Polyak , S. Burns , and J. Rassmussen Solar forcing of Holocene climate: new insights from a speleothem record, southwestern United States. Geology 35, (2007). 14.

T.P. Barnett , D.W. Pierce , H.G. Hidalgo , C. Bonfils , B.D. Santer , T. Das , G. Bala , A.W. Wood , T. Nozawa , A.A. Mirin , D.R. Cayan , and M.D. Dettinger Human-induced changes in the hydrology of the western United States. Science 319, (2008). 10801083.

J.A. Barron , D. Bukry , and D. Field Santa Barbara Basin diatom and silicoflagellate response to global climate anomalies during the past 2200 years. Quaternary International 215, (2010). 3444.

K.D. Bennett Determination of the number of zones in a biostratigraphical sequence. New Phytologist 132, (1996). 155170.

H.J.B. Birks D.G. Frey & E.S. Deevey review #1 — numerical tools in palaeolimnology — progress, potentialities, and problems. Journal of Paleolimnology 20, (1998). 307332.

M. Blaauw , and J.A. Christen Flexible paleoclimate age-depth models using an autoregressive gamma process. Bayesian Analysis 6, (2011). 457474.

N.D. Bowerman , and D.H. Clark Holocene glaciation of the central Sierra Nevada, California. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, (2011). 10671085.

R.S. Bradley , F.T. Keimig , and H.F. Diaz Projected temperature changes along the American cordillera and the planned GCOS network. Geophysical Research Letters 31, (2004).

D.R. Cayan , T. Das , D.W. Pierce , T.P. Barnett , M. Tyree , and A. Gershunov Future dryness in the southwest US and the hydrology of the early 21st century drought. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107, (2010). 2127121276.

J.A. Christen , and C. Fox A general purpose sampling algorithm for continuous distributions (the t-walk). Bayesian Analysis 5, (2010). 263281.

B. Christiansen , and F.C. Ljungqvist The extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere temperature in the last two millennia: reconstructions of low-frequency variability. Climate of the Past 8, (2012). 765786.

J.L. Conroy , J.T. Overpeck , J.E. Cole , and M. Steinitz-Kannan Variable oceanic influences on western North American drought over the last 1200 years. Geophysical Research Letters 36, (2009). 6

E.R. Cook , C.A. Woodhouse , C.M. Eakin , D.M. Meko , and D.W. Stahle Long-term aridity changes in the western United States. Science 306, (2004). 10151018.

E.R. Cook , R. Seager , R.R. Heim , R.S. Vose , C. Herweijer , and C. Woodhouse Megadroughts in North America: placing IPCC projections of hydroclimatic change in a long-term palaeoclimate context. Journal of Quaternary Science 25, (2010). 4861.

H.F. Diaz , R. Trigo , M.K. Hughes , M.E. Mann , E. Xoplaki , and D. Barriopedro Spatial and temporal characteristics of climate in Medieval Times revisited. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 92, (2011). 1487

N.E. Graham , and M.K. Hughes Reconstructing the Mediaeval low stands of Mono Lake, Sierra Nevada, California, USA. Holocene 17, (2007). 11971210.

O. Heiri , and A.F. Lotter Effect of low count sums on quantitative environmental reconstructions: an example using subfossil chironomids. Journal of Paleolimnology 26, (2001). 343350.

O. Heiri , A.F. Lotter , and G. Lemcke Loss on ignition as a method for estimating organic and carbonate content in sediments: reproducibility and comparability of results. Journal of Paleolimnology 25, (2001). 101110.

M.O. Hill Diversity and Evenness: a Unifying Notation and Consequences. Ecology 54, (1973). 427432.

M.K. Hughes , and H.F. Diaz Was there a Medieval warm period, and if so, where and when?. Climatic Change 26, (1994). 109142.

T.A. Knight , D.M. Meko , and C.H. Baisan A bimillennial-length tree-ring reconstruction of precipitation for the Tavaputs Plateau, Northeastern Utah. Quaternary Research 73, (2010). 107117.

R.D. Koster , H.L. Wang , S.D. Schubert , M.J. Suarez , and S. Mahanama Drought-induced warming in the continental United States under different SST regimes. Journal of Climate 22, (2009). 53855400.

L.A. Louderback , and D.E. Rhode 15,000 years of vegetation change in the Bonneville basin: the Blue Lake pollen record. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, (2009). 308326.

G.M. MacDonald Water, climate change, and sustainability in the southwest. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107, (2010). 2125621262.

G.M. MacDonald , and R.A. Case Variations in the Pacific Decadal Oscillation over the past millennium. Geophysical Research Letters 32, (2005). 4

M.E. Mann , Z.H. Zhang , M.K. Hughes , R.S. Bradley , S.K. Miller , S. Rutherford , and F.B. Ni Proxy-based reconstructions of hemispheric and global surface temperature variations over the past two millennia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105, (2008). 1325213257.

M.E. Mann , Z. Zhang , S. Rutherford , R.S. Bradley , M.K. Hughes , D. Shindell , C. Ammann , G. Faluvegi , and F. Ni Global signatures and dynamical origins of the Little Ice Age and Medieval Climate Anomaly. Science 326, (2009). 12561260.

S. Mensing , J. Smith , K.B. Norman , and M. Allan Extended drought in the Great Basin of western North America in the last two millennia reconstructed from pollen records. Quaternary International 188, (2008). 7989.

A. Moberg , D.M. Sonechkin , K. Holmgren , N.M. Datsenko , and W. Karlen Highly variable Northern Hemisphere temperatures reconstructed from low- and high-resolution proxy data. Nature 433, (2005). 613617.

C.J. Mock Climatic controls and spatial variations of precipitation in the western United States. Journal of Climate 9, (1996). 11111125.

C.J. Mock , and A.R. Brunelle-Daines A modern analogue of western United States summer palaeoclimate at 6000 years before present. Holocene 9, (1999). 541545.

G. Osborn , and K. Bevis Glaciation in the Great Basin of the Western United States. Quaternary Science Reviews 20, (2001). 13771410.

R.Z. Poore , M.J. Pavich , and H.D. Grissino-Mayer Record of the North American southwest monsoon from Gulf of Mexico sediment cores. Geology 33, (2005). 209212.

D.F. Porinchu , K.A. Moser , and J.S. Munroe Development of a midge-based summer surface water temperature inference model for the Great Basin of the western United States. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 39, (2007). 566577.

D.F. Porinchu , S. Reinemann , B.G. Mark , J.E. Box , and N. Rolland Application of a midge-based inference model for air temperature reveals evidence of late-20th century warming in sub-alpine lakes in the central Great Basin, United States. Quaternary International 215, (2010). 1526.

I.C. Prentice Multidimensional-scaling as a research tool in quaternary palynology — a review of theory and methods. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 31, (1980). 71104.

R. Quinlan , and J.P. Smol Setting minimum head capsule abundance and taxa deletion criteria in chironomid-based inference models. Journal of Paleolimnology 26, (2001). 327342.

P.J. Reimer , M.G. Baillie , E. Bard , A. Bayliss , J.W. Beck , P.G. Blackwell , C.B. Ramsey , C.E. Buck , G.S. Burr , R.L. Edwards IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 51, (2009). 11111150.

S.A. Reinemann , D.F. Porinchu , A.M. Bloom , B.G. Mark , and J.E. Box A multi-proxy paleolimnological reconstruction of Holocene climate conditions in the Great Basin, United States. Quaternary Research 72, (2009). 347358.

S.A. Reinemann , D.F. Porinchu , and B.G. Mark Regional climate change evidenced by recent shifts in chironomid community composition in sub-alpine and alpine lakes in the Great Basin of the United States. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research (2014). (in press)

C.C. Routson , C.A. Woodhouse , and J.T. Overpeck Second century megadrought in the Rio Grande headwaters, Colorado: how unusual was medieval drought?. Geophysical Research Letters 38, (2011). 5

M.W. Salzer , M.K. Hughes , A.G. Bunn , and K.F. Kipfmueller Recent unprecedented tree-ring growth in bristlecone pine at the highest elevations and possible causes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106, (2009). 2034820353.

M.W. Salzer , A.G. Bunn , N.E. Graham , and M.K. Hughes Five millennia of paleotemperature from tree-rings in the Great Basin, USA. Climate Dynamics 42, (2014). 15171526.

R. Seager , M.F. Ting , I. Held , Y. Kushnir , J. Lu , G. Vecchi , H.P. Huang , N. Harnik , A. Leetmaa , N.C. Lau , C.H. Li , J. Velez , and N. Naik Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America. Science 316, (2007). 11811184.

R. Seager , N. Graham , C. Herweijer , A.L. Gordon , Y. Kushnir , and E. Cook Blueprints for Medieval hydroclimate. Quaternary Science Reviews 26, (2007). 23222336.

R. Seager , R. Burgman , Y. Kushnir , A. Clement , E. Cook , N. Naik , and J. Miller Tropical pacific forcing of North American Medieval megadroughts: testing the concept with an atmosphere model forced by coral-reconstructed SSTs. Journal of Climate 21, (2008). 61756190.

J.J. Shinker , and P.J. Bartlein Spatial variations of effective moisture in the western United States. Geophysical Research Letters 37, (2010). 5

M.B. Stevens , J.F. Gonzalez-Rouco , and H. Beltrami North American climate of the last millennium: underground temperatures and model comparison. Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface 113, (2008). 15

S. Stine Extreme and persistent drought in California and Patagonia during the Medieval time. Nature 369, (1994). 546549.

R.J. Telford , and H.J.B. Birks A novel method for assessing the statistical significance of quantitative reconstructions inferred from biotic assemblages. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, (2011). 12721278.

J.L. Weiss , C.L. Castro , and J.T. Overpeck Distinguishing pronounced droughts in the Southwestern United States: seasonality and effects of warmer temperatures. Journal of Climate 22, (2009). 59185932.

A.L. Westerling , H.G. Hidalgo , D.R. Cayan , and T.W. Swetnam Warming and earlier spring increase western US forest wildfire activity. Science 313, (2006). 940943.

A.P. Williams , C.D. Allen , C.I. Millar , T.W. Swetnam , J. Michaelsen , C.J. Still , and S.W. Leavitt Forest responses to increasing aridity and warmth in the southwestern United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107, (2010). 2128921294.

E.K. Wise Spatiotemporal variability of the precipitation dipole transition zone in the western United States. Geophysical Research Letters 37, (2010). L07706

E.K. Wise Hydroclimatology of the US Intermountain West. Progress in Physical Geography 36, (2012). 458479.

C.A. Woodhouse , D.M. Meko , G.M. MacDonald , D.W. Stahle , and E.R. Cook A 1,200-year perspective of 21st century drought in southwestern North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107, (2010). 2128321288.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 20 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 23rd September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.