Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

A 24,700-yr paleolimnological history from the Peruvian Andes

  • Rachel Hillyer (a1) (a2), Bryan G. Valencia (a1), Mark B. Bush (a1), Miles R. Silman (a2) and Miriam Steinitz-Kannan (a3)...

Abstract

A new paleolimnological dataset from Lake Pacucha (13 °S, 3095 m elevation) in the Peruvian Andes provides evidence of changes in lake level over the past 24,700 yr. A late-glacial highstand in lake level gave way to an early-Holocene lowstand. This transition appears to have paralleled precessional changes that would have reduced insolation during the wet-season. The occurrence of benthic/salt-tolerant diatoms and CaCO3 deposition suggest that the lake had lost much of its volume by c. 10,000 cal yr BP. Pronounced Holocene oscillations in lake level included a second phase of low lake level and heightened volatility lasting from c. 8300 to 5000 cal yr BP. While a polymictic lake formed at c. 5000 cal yr BP. These relatively wet conditions were interrupted by a series of drier events, the most pronounced of which occurred at c. 750 cal yr BP. Paleolimnological changes in the Holocene were more rapid than those of either the last glacial maximum or the deglacial period.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. Email Address: mbush@fit.edu (M.B. Bush).

References

Hide All
Aalto, R., Maurice-Bourgoin, L., Dunne, T., Montgomery, D. r., Nittouer, C.A., and Guyot, J.-L. Episodic sediment accumulation on Amazonian flood plains influenced by El Nino/Southern Oscillation. Nature 425, (2003). 493497.
Abbott, M.B., Wolfe, B.B., Wolfe, A.P., Seltzer, G.O., Aravena, R., Mark, B.G., Polissar, P.J., Rodbell, D.T., Rowe, H.D., and Vuille, M. Holocene paleohydrology and glacial history of the central Andes using multiproxy lake sediment studies. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 194, (2003). 123138.
Absy, M.L., Clief, A., Fournier, M., Martin, L., Servant, M., Sifeddine, A., Silva, F. d., Soubiès, F., Suguio, K.T., and van der Hammen, T. Mise en évidence de quatre phases d'ouverture de la forêt dense dans le sud-est de L'Amazonie au cours des 60,000 dernières années. Première comparaison avec d'autres régions tropicales. Comptes Rendus Academie des Sciences Paris, Series II 312, (1991). 673678.
Baker, P.A. Trans-Atlantic climate connections. Science 5565, (2002). 6768.
Baker, P.A., Bush, M.B., Fritz, S., Rigsby, C.A., Seltzer, G., and Silman, M.R. Last galcial maximum in an Andean cloud forest environment (eastern Cordillera, Bolivia): Comment. Geology (2003). e26
Baker, P.A., Rigsby, C.A., Seltzer, G.O., Fritz, S.C., Lowenstein, T.K., Bacher, N.P., and Veliz, C. Tropical climate changes at millennial and orbital timescales on the Bolivian Altiplano. Nature 409, (2001). 698701.
Baker, P.A., Seltzer, G.O., Fritz, S.C., Dunbar, R.B., Grove, M.J., Tapia, P.M., Cross, S.L., Rowe, H.D., and Broda, J.P. The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25,000 years. Science 291, (2001). 640643.
Battarbee, R.W. Handbook of Holocene Palaeoecology and Palaeohydrology. (1986). John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Behling, H. Late Quaternary vegetation and climate dynamics in southeastern Amazonia inferred from Lagoa da Confusao in Tocantins State. Northern Brazil Amazoniana 17, (2002). 2739.
Berger, A. Astronomical theory of paleoclimates and the last glacial–interglacial cycle. Quaternary Science Reviews 11, (1992). 571581.
Birks, H.J.B., and Birks, H.J.B. D.G. Frey and E.S. Deevey Review 1: Numerical tools in palaeolimnology—Progress, potentialities, and problems. Journal of Paleolimnology 20, (1998). 307332.
Bush, M.B. Of orogeny, precipitation, precession and parrots. Journal of Biogeography 32, (2005). 13011302.
Bush, M.B., De Oliveira, P.E., Colinvaux, P.A., Miller, M.C., and Moreno, E. Amazonian paleoecological histories: one hill, three watersheds. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 214, (2004). 359393.
Bush, M.B., Gosling, W.D., and Colinvaux, P.A. Climate Change in the Lowlands of the Amazon Basin. Bush, M.B., and Flenley, J.R. Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climate Change. (2007). Praxis Springer, Chichester. 5571.
Bush, M.B., Hanselman, J.A., and Hooghiemstra, H. Andean montane forests and climate change. Bush, M.B., and Flenley, J.R. Tropical rainforest responses to climate change.. (2007). Praxis Springer, Chichester. 3348.
Bush, M.B., Hansen, B.C.S., Rodbell, D., Seltzer, G.O., Young, K.R., León, B., Silman, M.R., Abbott, M.B., and Gosling, W.D. A 17,000 year history of Andean climatic and vegetation change from Laguna de Chochos, Peru. Journal of Quaternary Science 20, (2005). 703714.
Bush, M.B., Miller, M.C., de Oliveira, P.E., and Colinvaux, P.A. Orbital forcing signal in sediments of two Amazonian lakes. Journal of Paleolimnology 27, (2002). 341352.
Bush, M.B., and Silman, M.R. Observations on Late Pleistocene cooling and precipitation in the lowland Neotropics. Journal of Quaternary Science 19, (2004). 677684.
Bush, M.B., Silman, M.R., and Urrego, D.H. 48,000 years of climate and forest change from a biodiversity hotspot. Science 303, (2004). 827829.
Bush, M.B., Stute, M., Ledru, M. -P., Behling, H., Colinvaux, P.A., De Oliveira, P.E., Grimm, E.C., Hooghiemstra, H., Haberle, S., Leyden, B.W., Salgado-Labouriau, M.-L., and Webb, R. Paleotemperature estimates for the lowland Americas between 30°S and 30°N at the last glacial maximum. Markgraf, V. Interhemispheric Climate Linkages: Present and Past Interhemispheric Climate Linkages in the Americas and their Societal Effects.. (2001). Academic Press, New York. 293306.
Clement, A.C., Cane, M.A., and Seager, R. An orbitally driven tropical source for abrupt climate change. Journal of Climate 14, (2001). 23692375.
Colinvaux, P.A., Bush, M.B., Steinitz-Kannan, M., and Miller, M.C. Glacial and postglacial pollen records from the Ecuadorian Andes and Amazon. Quaternary Research 48, (1997). 6978.
Colinvaux, P.A., De Oliveira, P.E., and Moreno, J.E. Amazon pollen manual and atlas.. (1999). Harwood Academic Press, New York.
Colinvaux, P.A., De Oliveira, P.E., Moreno, J.E., Miller, M.C., and Bush, M.B. A long pollen record from lowland Amazonia: Forest and cooling in glacial times. Science 274, (1996). 8588.
Colinvaux, P.A., Irion, G., Räsänen, M.E., Bush, M.B., and Nunes de Mello, J.A.S. A paradigm to be discarded: geological and paleoecological data falsify the Haffer and Prance refuge hypothesis of Amazonian speciation. Amazoniana 16, (2001). 609646.
Cowling, S.A., Betts, R.A., Cox, P.M., Ettwein, V.J., Jones, C.D., Maslin, M.A., and Spall, S.A. Contrasting simulated past and future responses of the Amazonian forest to atmospheric change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London ser. b 359, (2004). 539547.
Cowling, S.A., Maslin, M.A., and Sykes, M.T. Paleovegetation simulations of lowland Amazonia and implications for neotropical allopatry and speciation. Quaternary Research 55, (2001). 140149.
Cruz, F.W. Jr, Burns, S.J., Karmann, I., Sharp, W.D., Vuille, M., Cardoso, A.O., Ferrari, J.A., Silva Dias, P.L., Vlana, O. Jr Insolation-driven changes in atmospheric circulation over the past 116,000 years in subtropical Brazil. Nature 434, (2005). 6366.
De Oliveira, P.E., Steinitz-Kannan, M., Miller, M.C., and Colinvaux, P.A. 1986 Las diatomeas del Ecuador III. Diatomeas fósiles de la laguna de Kumpaka Provincia de Morona Santiago. Revista Geográfica, Instituto Geográfico Militar, Quito 24, (1986). 4160.
Ellenberg, H. Wald oder steppe? Die natürliche pflanzendecke der Anden Perus. Umschau 1958, (1958). 645681.
EPICA PROJECT MEMBERS, One-to-one coupling of glacial climate variability in Greenland and Antartica. Nature 444, (2006). 195198.
Fairbanks, R.G., Richard, A., Mortlock, R.A., Chiu, T.-C., Cao, L., Kaplan, A., Guilderson, T.P., Fairbanks, T.W., and Bloom, A.L. Marine radiocarbon calibration curve spanning 0 to 50,000 years B.P. based on paired 230Th/234U/238U and 14C dates on pristine corals. Quaternary Science Reviews 24, (2005). 17811796.
Fritz, S.C., Baker, P.A., Lowenstein, T.K., Seltzer, G.O., Rigsby, C.A., Dwyer, G.S., Tapia, P.M., Arnold, K.K., Ku, T.L., and Luo, S. Hydrologic variation during the last 170,000 years in the southern hemisphere tropics of South America. Quaternary Research 61, (2004). 95104.
Fritz, S.C., Baker, P.A., Seltzer, G.O., Ballantyne, A., Tapia, P.M., Cheng, H., and Edwards, R.L. Quaternary glaciation and hydrologic variation in the South American tropics as reconstructed from the Lake Titicaca drilling project. Quaternary Research 68, (2007). 410420.
Gasse, F., Barker, P., Gell, P.A., Fritz, S.C., and Chalie, F. Diatom-inferred salinity in paleolakes: an indirect tracer of climate change. Quaternary Science reviews 16, (1997). 547563.
Hansen, B.C.S. A review of lateglacial pollen records from Ecuador and Peru with reference to the Younger Dryas Event. Quaternary Science Reviews 14, (1995). 853865.
Heine, J.T. A reevaluation of the evidence for a Younger Dryas climatic reversal in the tropical Andes. Quaternary Science Reviews 12, (1993). 769779.
Heiri, O., Lotter, A.F., and Lemcke, G. Loss on ignition as a method for estimating organic and carbonate content in sediments: reproducibility and comparability of results. Journal of Paleolimnology 25, (2001). 101110.
Hooghiemstra, H. Vegetational and climatic history of the high plain of Bogota, Colombia. Dissertaciones Botanicae. (1984). J. Cramer, Vaduz. 79
Jenny, B., Valero-Garces, B., Urrutia, R., Kelts, K., Veit, H., Appleby, P.G., and Geyh, M. Moisture changes and fluctuations of the westerlies in Mediterranean Central Chile during the last 2000 years: The Laguna Aculeo record (33°59′S). Quaternary International 87, (2002). 318.
Lange Bertalot, H. (1998). Tropical diatoms of South America I. Iconographia diatomologica. Koeltz Scientific Books.
Lange Bertalot, H. (2000). Diatoms of the Andes From Venezuela to Patagonia/Tierra del Fuego. Koeltz Scientific Books.
Liu, K.-b., and Colinvaux, P.A. Forest changes in the Amazon basin during the last glacial maximum. Nature 318, (1985). 556557.
Marengo, J. Climatology of the LLJ east of the Andes as derived from NCEP reanalyses. Journal of Climate 17, (2004). 22612280.
Marengo, J. Climate change and the hydrological modes of the wet tropics. Bush, M.B., and Flenley, J.R. Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climate Change.. (2007). Praxis, Chichester. 237268.
Marengo, J.A., Nobre, C.A., Tomasella, J., Oyama, M.D., Sampaio de Oliveira, G., de Oliveira, R., Camargo, H., Alves, L.M., and Brown, I.F. The Drought of Amazonia in 2005. Journal of Climate 21, (2008). 495516.
Marengo, J.A., and Nobre, C.A. General characteristics and variability of climate in the Amazon Basin and its links to the global climate system. McClain, M.E., Victoria, R.L., and Richey, J.E. The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin.. (2001). Oxford University Press, Oxford. 1741.
Maslin, M., and Burns, S.J. Reconstruction of the Amazon Basin effective moisture availability over the past 14,000 years. Science 290, (2000). 22852287.
Mayle, F.E., Burbridge, R., and Killeen, T.J. Millennial-scale dynamics of southern Amazonian rain forests. Science 290, (2000). 22912294.
McCune, B., and Mefford, M.J. PC_ORD. Multivariate analysis of ecological data. (1999). Software Design, Gleneden Beach, Oregon.
Mortimer, C.H. The oxygen content of air-saturated fresh water, and aids in calculating percentage saturation. Mitteilung Internationale Vereinigung für Limnologie 6, (1956). 120
Mourguiart, P., and Ledru, M.P. Last Glacial Maximum in an Andean cloud forest environment (Eastern Cordillera, Bolivia). Geology 31, (2003). 195198.
Moy, C.M., Seltzer, G.O., Rodbell, D.T., and Anderson, D.M. Variability of El Nino/Southern Oscillation activity at millennial timescales during the Holocene epoch. Nature 420, (2002). 162164.
Paduano, G. (2001). Vegetation and fire history of two tropical Andean lakes, Titicaca (Peru/Bolivia), and Caserochocha (Peru) with special emphasis on the Younger Dryas chronozone. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Florida Institute of Technology, .
Paduano, G.M., Bush, M.B., Baker, P.A., Fritz, S.C., and Seltzer, G.O. A vegetation and fire history of Lake Titicaca since the Last Glacial Maximum. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 194, (2003). 259279.
Patrick, R., and Reimer, C.W. The diatoms of the United States: Volume 1. (1966).
Patrick, R., and Reimer, C.W. The diatoms of the United States: Volume 2. (1975).
Pienitz, R., Smol, J.P., and Birks, H.J.B. Assessment of freshwater diatoms as quantitative inidactors of past climatic change in the Yukon and Northwest Territories, Canada. Journal of Paleolimnology 13, (1995). 2149.
Placzek, C., Quade, J., and Patchett, P.J. Geochronology and stratigraphy of late Pleistocene lake cycles on the southern Bolivian Altiplano: Implications for causes of tropical climate change. Geol Soc Am Bullfs 118, (2006). 515532.
Rein, B. How do the 1982/83 and 1997/98 El Niños rank in a geological record from Peru?. Quaternary International (2007). 5666.
Riedinger, M.A., Steinitz-Kannan, M., Last, W.M., and Brenner, M. A 6100 14C yr record of El Nino activity from the Galapagos Islands. Journal of Paleolimnology 27, (2002). 17.
Rodbell, D.T., Seltzer, G.O., Anderson, D.M., Abbott, M.B., Enfield, D.B., and Newman, J.H. An ~ 15,000-year record of El Niño-driven alluviation in southwestern Ecuador. Science 283, (1999). 516520.
Rühland, K.M., Smol, J.P., and Pienitz, R. Ecology and spatial distributions of surface-sediment diatoms from 77 lakes in the subarctic Canadian treeline region. Canadian Journal of Botany 81, (2003). 5773.
Sandweiss, D.H., Maasch, K.A., Burger, R.L., Richardson III, J.B., Rollins, H.B., and Clement, A. Variation in Holocene El Niño frequencies: Climate records and cultural consequences in ancient Peru. Geology 29, (2001). 603606.
Schmidt, R., Kamenik, C., Lange-Bertalot, H., and Klee, R. Fragilaria and Staurosira (Bacillariophyceaea) from sediment surfaces of 40 lakes in the Austrian Alps in relation to environmental variables, and their potential for palaeoclimatology. Journal of Limnology 63, (2004). 171189.
Seltzer, G., Rodbell, D., and Burns, S. Isotopic evidence for late Quaternary climatic change in tropical South America. Geology 28, (2000). 3538.
Smith, J.A., Seltzer, G.O., Farber, D.L., Rodbell, D.T., and Finkel, R.C. Early local last glacial maximum in the tropical Andes. Science 308, (2005). 678681.
Steinitz-Kannan, M., De Oliveira, P.E., Miller, M.C., and Colinvaux, P.A. Las diatomeas del Ecuador I. Diatomeas Fosiles de la Laguna de Cunro, Provincia de Imbabura. Revista del Museo Ecuatoriano de Cencias Naturales, Quito. (1986).
Steinitz-Kannan, M., Nienaber, M., Riedinger, M., and Kannan, R. The fossil diatoms of lake Yambo, Ecuador. A Possible Record of El Niño Events. Bulletin de I'Institut Français d'Études Andines 22, (1993). 227241.
Stuiver, M., and Reimer, P.J. Extended 14C database and revised CALIB radiocarbon calibration program. Radiocarbon 35, (1993). 215230.
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P. J., and Reimer, R. W. (2005). Calib 5.0. [WWW program and documentation].
Sylvestre, F., Beck-Eichler, B., Duleba, W., and Debenay, J.-P. Modern benthic diatom distribution in a hypersaline coastal lagoon: the Lagoa de Araruama (R.J.), Brazil. Hydrobiologia 443, (2001). 213231.
Tapia, P.M., Fritz, S.C., Baker, P.A., Seltzer, G.O., and Dunbar, R.B. A Late Quaternary diatom record of tropical climatic history from Lake Titicaca (Peru and Bolivia). Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 194, (2003). 139164.
Thompson, L.G., Mosley-Thompson, E., Davis, M.E., Lin, P.-N., Henderson, K.A., Cole-Dai, J., Bolsan, J.F., and Liu, K.G. Late glacial stage and Holocene tropical ice core records from Huascaran, Peru. Science 269, (1995). 4650.
Thompson, L.G., Mosley-Thompson, E., and Henderson, K.A. Ice-core palaeoclimate records in tropical South America since the Last Glacial Maximum. Journal of Quaternary Science 15, (2000). 377394.
Urrego, D.H., Silman, M.R., and Bush, M.B. The last glacial maximum: stability and change in an Andean cloud forest. Journal of Quaternary Science. Journal of Quaternary Science 20, (2005). 693701.
Van 't Veer, R., Islebe, G.A., and Hooghiemstra, H. Climatic change during the younger Dryas Chron in northern south America: a test of the evidence. Quaternary Science Reviews 19, (2000). 18211835.
Van der Hammen, T. The Pleistocene changes of vegetation and climate in tropical South America. Journal of Biogeography 1, (1974). 326.
Van der Hammen, T., and Hooghiemstra, H. The El Abra stadial, a Younger Dryas equivalent in Colombia. Quaternary Science Reviews 14, (1995). 841851.
Vuille, M., Bradley, R.S., and Keimig, F. Interannual climate variability in the Central Andes and its relation to tropical Pacific and Atlantic forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research 105, (2000). 1244712460.
Whitmore, T.C., and Prance, G.T. Biogeography and Quaternary History in Tropical America.. (1987). Oxford Science Publications, Oxford.
Wirrmann, D., and Mourgiart, P. Late Quaternary spatio-temporal limnological variations in the Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru. Quaternary Research 34, (1995). 344354.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed