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Comparison of temperature and humidity during MIS 11 and MIS 5e interglacials with the Holocene using stable isotopes in tufa deposits from northern France

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 December 2021

Julie Dabkowski*
Affiliation:
CNRS–Laboratoire de Géographie Physique: environnements quaternaires et actuels (UMR 8591 Paris 1–UPEC), 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
Nicole Limondin-Lozouet
Affiliation:
CNRS–Laboratoire de Géographie Physique: environnements quaternaires et actuels (UMR 8591 Paris 1–UPEC), 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
*
*Corresponding author at: CNRS–Laboratoire de Géographie Physique: environnements quaternaires et actuels (UMR 8591 Paris 1–UPEC), 1 place Aristide Briand, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France. E-mail address: julie.dabkowski@lgp.cnrs.fr (J. Dabkowski).

Abstract

Many recent palaeoclimatic studies have focused on Pleistocene interglacials, especially Marine Isotopic Stages (MIS) 5e and 11, as analogs to our modern interglacial (MIS 1). In continental area, archives allowing comparison between interglacials remain scarce. Calcareous tufa deposits, as they are characteristic of these periods and can provide long, almost continuous, palaeoclimatic records through their isotopic content, appear highly suitable for such investigation. In this paper, δ18O and δ13C values from the three well-dated tufas of Saint-Germain-le-Vasson, Caours, and La Celle are combined to compare temperature and moisture conditions prevailing during MIS 1, 5e, and 11, in the Paris Basin. Both Pleistocene interglacials, and especially their optima, appear stronger than the Holocene: MIS 11 was wetter and warmer than both the Holocene and MIS 5e, which itself experienced wetter conditions than the Holocene. These observations are consistent with palaeontological data from the studied sites, especially malacological assemblages, which record, as at other European tufa sites, a relative depletion of molluscan diversity during the Holocene compared with the Pleistocene (MIS 5 and 11) interglacials.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © University of Washington. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2021

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Comparison of temperature and humidity during MIS 11 and MIS 5e interglacials with the Holocene using stable isotopes in tufa deposits from northern France
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Comparison of temperature and humidity during MIS 11 and MIS 5e interglacials with the Holocene using stable isotopes in tufa deposits from northern France
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