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The impact of African aridity on the isotopic signature of Atlantic deep waters across the Middle Pleistocene Transition

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Bruno Malaizé*
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France
Elsa Jullien
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France
Amandine Tisserand
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France Department of Earth sciences, University of Bergen, Realfagb, Allègt. 41, Bergen, Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, BCCR, Allègaten 55, 5007 Bergen, Norway
Charlotte Skonieczny
Affiliation:
FRE CNRS 3298 GEOSYSTEMES, Universit" de Lille I, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
E. Francis Grousset
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France
Fr"d"rique Eynaud
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France
Catherine Kissel
Affiliation:
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement/IPSL, CEA/CNRS/UVSQ, Avenue de la Terrasse, Bat 12, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
J"r"me Bonnin
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France
Svenja Karstens
Affiliation:
Department of Earth sciences, University of Bergen, Realfagb, Allègt. 41, Bergen, Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, BCCR, Allègaten 55, 5007 Bergen, Norway
Philippe Martinez
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France
Aloys Bory
Affiliation:
FRE CNRS 3298 GEOSYSTEMES, Universit" de Lille I, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
Vivianne Bout-Roumazeilles
Affiliation:
FRE CNRS 3298 GEOSYSTEMES, Universit" de Lille I, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
Thibaut Caley
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France
Xavier Crosta
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France
Karine Charlier
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France
Linda Rossignol
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Universit" Bordeaux I, 33405 Talence, France
Jos"-Abel Flores
Affiliation:
Departamento de Geología, Universidad de Salamanca, 37008, Salamanca, Spain
Ralph Schneider
Affiliation:
Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Christian-Albrechts-Universitaet, 10/24118 Kiel, Germany
*
*Corresponding author at: University Bordeaux1, UMR 5805 EPOC, France. Fax: + 33 5 56 84 08 48. E-mail address: b.malaize@epoc.u-bordeaux1.fr (B. Malaizé).

Abstract

A high resolution analysis of benthic foraminifera as well as of aeolian terrigenous proxies extracted from a 37 m-long marine core located off the Mauritanian margin spanning the last ~ 1.2 Ma, documents the possible link between major continental environmental changes with a shift in the isotopic signature of deep waters around 1.0–0.9 Ma, within the so-called Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT) time period. The increase in the oxygen isotopic composition of deep waters, as seen through the benthic foraminifera δ 18O values, is consistent with the growth of larger ice sheets known to have occurred during this transition. Deep-water mass δ 13C changes, also estimated from benthic foraminifera, show a strong depletion for the same time interval. This drastic change in δ 13C values is concomitant with a worldwide 0.3‰ decrease observed in the major deep oceanic waters for the MPT time period. The phase relationship between aeolian terrigeneous signal increase and this δ 13C decrease in our record, as well as in other paleorecords, supports the hypothesis of a global aridification amongst others processes to explain the deep-water masses isotopic signature changes during the MPT. In any case, the isotopic shifts imply major changes in the end-member δ 18O and δ 13C values of deep waters.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
University of Washington

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The impact of African aridity on the isotopic signature of Atlantic deep waters across the Middle Pleistocene Transition
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