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North Atlantic controlled depositional cycles in MIS 5e layered sediments from the deep Dead Sea basin

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 February 2017

Daniel Palchan
Affiliation:
The Fredy & Nadine Herrmann Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel Geological Survey of Israel, 30 Malkei Israel St., Jerusalem 95501, Israel
Ina Neugebauer
Affiliation:
GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences, Section 5.2 Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
Yael Amitai
Affiliation:
The Fredy & Nadine Herrmann Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Nicolas D. Waldmann
Affiliation:
Department of Marine Geosciences, Charney School of Marine Sciences, University of Haifa, 31905 Mt. Carmel, Haifa 3498838, Israel
Markus J. Schwab
Affiliation:
GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences, Section 5.2 Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
Peter Dulski
Affiliation:
GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences, Section 5.2 Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
Achim Brauer
Affiliation:
GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences, Section 5.2 Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
Mordechai Stein
Affiliation:
Geological Survey of Israel, 30 Malkei Israel St., Jerusalem 95501, Israel
Yigal Erel
Affiliation:
The Fredy & Nadine Herrmann Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Yehouda Enzel
Affiliation:
The Fredy & Nadine Herrmann Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Corresponding

Abstract

The drilled Inter-Continental Drilling Project core at the deeps of the Dead Sea reveals thick sequences of halite deposits from the last interglacial period, reflecting prevailing arid conditions in the lake’s watershed. Here, we examine sequences of intercalating evaporates (halite or gypsum) and fine-detritus laminae and apply petrographic, micro-X-ray fluorescence, and statistical tools to establish in high-temporal resolution the hydroclimatic controls on the sedimentation in the last interglacial Dead Sea. The time series of the thickness of the best-recovered core sections of the layered halite, detritus, and gypsum reveals periodicities of ~11, 7–8, and 4–5 yr, pointing to a North Atlantic control and possibly solar influence on the hydrology of the Dead Sea watershed during the regionally arid period of the last interglacial period. Similar periodicities were detected in the last glacial and modern sedimentary sequences of the Dead Sea and other archives of the central Levant, indicating a persistent impact of the solar cycles on regional hydrology, possibly through the effects of the North Atlantic Oscillation.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © University of Washington. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2017 

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