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Paleoenvironmental proxy records from Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia, and a synthesis of Holocene climate change in the Lake Baikal watershed

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Alexander A. Prokopenko*
Affiliation:
Department of Geological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Galina K. Khursevich
Affiliation:
Institute of Geological Sciences, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk 220141, Belarus
Elena V. Bezrukova
Affiliation:
Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk 664033, Russia Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
Mikhail I. Kuzmin
Affiliation:
Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk 664033, Russia
Xavier Boes
Affiliation:
Royal Observatory of Belgium, Department of Geodynamics, Seismology, Ringlaan 1180-Brussels, Belgium
Douglas F. Williams
Affiliation:
Department of Geological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Svetlana A. Fedenya
Affiliation:
Institute of Geological Sciences, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk 220141, Belarus
Nataliya V. Kulagina
Affiliation:
Institute of Earth Crust, SIberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk 664033, Russia
Polina P. Letunova
Affiliation:
Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk 664033, Russia Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
Anna A. Abzaeva
Affiliation:
Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk 664033, Russia Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
*
*Corresponding author.E-mail address:sasha@geol.sc.edu (A.A. Prokopenko)

Abstract

Here we discuss paleoenvironmental evolution in the Baikal region during the Holocene using new records of aquatic (diatom) and terrestrial vegetation changes from Hovsgol, Mongolia's largest and deepest lake. We reconcile previous contradictory Baikal timescales by constraining reservoir corrections of AMS dates on bulk sedimentary organic carbon. Synthesis of the Holocene records in the Baikal watershed reveals a northward progression in landscape/vegetation changes and an anti-phase behavior of diatom and biogenic silica proxies in neighboring rift lakes. In Lake Baikal, these proxies appear to be responsive to annual temperature increases after 6 ka, whereas in Lake Hovsgol they respond to higher precipitation/runoff from 11 to 7 ka. Unlike around Lake Baikal, warmer summers between 6 and 3.5 ka resulted in the decline, not expansion, of forest vegetation around Lake Hovsgol, apparently as a result of higher soil temperatures and lower moisture availability. The regional climatic proxy data are consistent with a series of 500-yr time slice Holocene GCM simulations for continental Eurasia. Our results allow reevaluation of the concepts of ‘the Holocene optimum’ and a ‘maximum of the Asian summer monsoon’, as applied to paleoclimate records from continental Asia.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
University of Washington

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Paleoenvironmental proxy records from Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia, and a synthesis of Holocene climate change in the Lake Baikal watershed
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