Hostname: page-component-797576ffbb-6mkhv Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-12-07T03:40:15.644Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

Relative sea-level history from the Lambert Glacier region, East Antarctica, and its relation to deglaciation and Holocene glacier readvance

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Elie Verleyen*
Ghent University, Department of Biology, Section of Protistology and Aquatic Ecology, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
Dominic A. Hodgson
British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Cambridge, CB3 0ET, UK
Glenn A. Milne
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Durham, Durham, DH1 3LE, UK
Koen Sabbe
Ghent University, Department of Biology, Section of Protistology and Aquatic Ecology, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
Wim Vyverman
Ghent University, Department of Biology, Section of Protistology and Aquatic Ecology, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
*Corresponding author. Department of Biology, Section of Protistology and Aquatic Ecology, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S8, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Fax: +32 9 2648599. E-mail (E. Verleyen).


We present a relative sea-level (RSL) history, constrained by AMS radiocarbon-dated marine–freshwater transitions in isolation basins from a site adjacent to the Lambert Glacier, East Antarctica. The RSL data suggest an initial ice retreat between c. 15,370 and 12,660 cal yr B.P Within this period, meltwater pulse IA (mwp IA, between c. 14,600–14,200 and 14,100–13,700 cal yr B.P.) occurred; an exceptionally large ice melting event, inferred from far-field sea-level records. The RSL curve shows a pronounced highstand of approximately 8 m between c. 7570–7270 and 7250–6950 cal yr B.P. that is consistent with the timing of the RSL highstand in the nearby Vestfold Hills. This is followed by a fall in RSL to the present. In contrast to previous findings, the isolation of the lakes in the Larsemann Hills postdates the isolation of lakes with similar sill heights in the Vestfold Hills. An increase in RSL fall during the late Holocene may record a decline in the rate of isostatic uplift in the Larsemann Hills between c. 7250–6950 and 2847–2509 cal yr B.P., that occurred in response to a documented mid-Holocene glacier readvance followed by a late-Holocene retreat.

Research Article
University of Washington

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Adamson, D.A., Pickard, J., (1986). Cænozoic history of the Vestfold Hills. Pickard, J., Antarctic Oasis: Terrestrial Environments and History of the Vestfold Hills Academic Press, Sydney., 6376.Google Scholar
Agostinetti, N.P., Spada, G., Cianetti, S., (2004). Mantle viscosity inference: a comparison between simulated annealing and neighbourhood algorithm. Geophysical Journal International 157, 890900.Google Scholar
Allison, I., (1979). The mass budget of the Lambert Glacier drainage basin, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology 22, 223235.Google Scholar
Bard, E., Hamelin, B., Fairbanks, R.G., (1990). U-Th ages obtained by mass-spectrometry in corals from Barbados-sea-level during the past 130,000 years. Nature 346, 456458.Google Scholar
Bard, E., Hamelin, B., Arnold, M., Montaggioni, L., Cabioch, G., Faure, G., Rougerie, F., (1996). Deglacial sea-level record from Tahiti corals and the timing of global meltwater discharge. Nature 382, 241244.Google Scholar
Baroni, C., Hall, B.L., (2004). A new Holocene relative sea-level curve for Terra Nova Bay, Victoria Land, Antarctica. Journal of Quaternary Science 19, 377396.Google Scholar
Bentley, M.J., (1999). Volume of Antarctic ice at the Last Glacial Maximum, and its impact on global sea level change. Quaternary Science Reviews 18, 15691595.Google Scholar
M.J., Bentley, D.A., Hodgson, J.A., Smith, N.J., Cox in press. Relative sea-level curves for the South Shetland Islands and Marguerite Bay regions, Antarctic Peninsula.Quaternary Science Reviews.Google Scholar
Berkman, P.A., Andrews, J.T., Bjorck, S., Colhoun, E.A., Emslie, S.D., Goodwin, I.D., Hall, B.L., Hart, C.P., Hirakawa, K., Igarashi, A., Ingolfsson, O., Lopez-Martinez, J., Lyons, W.B., Mabin, M.C.G., Quilty, P.G., Taviani, M., Yoshida, Y., (1998). Circum-Antarctic coastal environmental shifts during the late Quaternary reflected by emerged marine deposits. Antarctic Science 10, 345362.Google Scholar
Clark, P.U., Alley, R.B., Keigwin, L.D., Licciardi, J.M., Johnsen, S.J., Wang, H.X., (1996). Origin of the first global meltwater pulse following the last glacial maximum. Paleoceanography 11, 563577.Google Scholar
Clark, P.U., Mitrovica, J.X., Milne, G.A., Tamisiea, M.E., (2002). Sea-level fingerprinting as a direct test for the source of global meltwater pulse IA. Science 295, 24382441.Google Scholar
Colhoun, E.A., Mabin, M.C.G., Adamson, D.A., Kirk, R.M., (1992). Antarctic ice volume and contribution to sea-level fall at 20,000 yr B.P. from raised beaches. Nature 358, 316319.Google Scholar
Domack, E.W., Jull, A.J.T., Nakao, S., (1991). Advance of East Antarctic outlet glaciers during the Hypsithermal: implications for the volume state of the Antarctic Ice Sheet under global warming. Geology 19, 10591062.Google Scholar
Domack, E., O'Brien, P., Harris, P., Taylor, F., Quilty, P.G., De Santis, L., Raker, B., (1998). Late Quaternary sediment facies in Prydz Bay, East Antarctica and their relationship to glacial advance onto the continental shelf. Antarctic Science 10, 234244.Google Scholar
Fairbanks, R.G., (1989). A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea-level record-influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation. Nature 342, 637642.Google Scholar
Glew, J.R., (1991). Miniature gravity corer for recovering short sediment cores. Journal of Paleolimnology 5, 285287.Google Scholar
Goodwin, I.D., (1993). Holocene deglaciation, sea-level change, and the emergence of the Windmill Islands, Budd Coast, Antarctica. Quaternary Research 40, 7080.Google Scholar
Goodwin, I.D., (1998). Did changes in Antarctic ice volume influence late Holocene sea-level lowering?. Quaternary Science Reviews 17, 319332.Google Scholar
Goodwin, I.D., Zweck, C., (2000). Glacio-isostasy and glacial ice load at Law Dome, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica. Quaternary Research 53, 285293.Google Scholar
Hall, B.L., Denton, G.H., (1999). New relative sea-level curves for the southern Scott Coast, Antarctica: evidence for Holocene deglaciation of the western Ross Sea. Journal of Quaternary Science 14, 641650.Google Scholar
Hall, B.L., Baroni, C., Denton, G.H., (2004). Holocene relative sea-level history of the Southern Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica. Global and Planetary Change 42, 241263.Google Scholar
Hanebuth, T., Stattegger, K., Grootes, P.M., (2000). Rapid flooding of the Sunda Shelf: a late-glacial sea-level record. Science 288, 10331035.Google Scholar
Hambrey, M.J., McKelvey, B., (2000). Major Neogene fluctuations of the East Antarctic ice sheet: stratigraphic evidence from the Lambert Glacier region. Geology 28, 887890.Google Scholar
Hemer, M.A., Harris, P.T., (2003). Sediment core from beneath the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica, suggests mid-Holocene ice shelf retreat. Geology 31, 127130.Google Scholar
Hodgson, D.A., Noon, P.E., Vyverman, W., Bryant, C.L., Gore, D.B., Appleby, P., Gilmour, M., Verleyen, E., Sabbe, K., Jones, V.J., Ellis-Evans, J.C., Wood, P.B., (2001). Were the Larsemann Hills ice-free through the Last Glacial Maximum?. Antarctic Science 13, 440454.Google Scholar
Hodgson, D.A., Doran, P.T., Roberts, D, McMinn, A., in press. Paleolimnological studies from the Antarctic and sub Antarctic islands. In: Pienitz, R., M.S.V., Douglas, J.P., Smol (Eds.), Developments in Paleo environmental Research, vol. 8, Long-term Change in Arctic and Antarctic Lakes.Kluwer Academic Publishers, , Dordrecht.Google Scholar
Huybrechts, P., (2002). Sea-level changes at the LGM from ice-dynamic reconstructions of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets during the glacial cycles. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 203231.Google Scholar
Ingólfsson, O., Hjort, C., Berkman, P.A., Björck, S., Colhoun, E.A., Goodwin, I.D., Hall, B.L., Hirakawa, K., Melles, M., Möller, P., Prentice, M.L., (1998). Antarctic glacial history since the last glacial maximum: an overview of the record on land. Antarctic Science 10, 326344.Google Scholar
Lambeck, K., (2002). Sea level change from mid Holocene to recent time: an Australian example with global implications. Mitrovica, J.X., Vermeersen, B.L.A., Ice Sheets, Sea Level and the Dynamic Earth American Geophysical Union Monograph, Geodynamics Series vol. 29, 3350.Google Scholar
Long, A.J., Roberts, D.H., Rasch, M., (2003). New observations on the relative sea level and deglacial history of Greenland from Innaarsuit, Disko Bug. Quaternary Research 60, 162171.Google Scholar
Meredith, M.P., Locarnini, R.A., Van Scoy, K.A., Watson, A.J., Heywood, K.J., King, B.A., (2000). On the sources of Weddell Gyre Antarctic Bottom Water. Journal of Geophysical Research, C: Oceans 105, 10931104.Google Scholar
Miura, H., Maemoku, H., Igarashi, A., Moriwaki, K., (1998). Late Quaternary raised beach deposits and radiocarbon dates of marine fossils around Lützow-Holm Bay. Special Map Series of National Institute of Polar Research 6, 46.Google Scholar
Morgan, V., Delmotte, M., van Ommen, T., Jouzel, J., Chappellaz, J., Woon, S., Masson-Delmotte, V., Raynaud, D., (2002). Relative timing of deglacial climate events in Antarctica and Greenland. Science 297, 18621864.Google Scholar
NASA/CSA,(2002). Scholar
Roberts, D., McMinn, A., (1999). A diatom-based palaeosalinity history of Ace Lake, Vestfold Hills, Antarctica. The Holocene 9, 401408.Google Scholar
Shennan, I., Lambeck, K., Horton, B., Innes, J., Lloyd, J., McArthur, J., Purcell, T., Rutherford, M., (2000). Late Devensian and Holocene records of relative sea-level changes in northwest Scotland and their implications for glacio-hydro-isostatic modelling. Quaternary Science Reviews 19, 11031135.Google Scholar
Squier, A.H., Hodgson, D.A., Keely, B.J., (2002). Sedimentary pigments as markers for environmental change in an Antarctic Lake. Organic Geochemistry 33, 16551665.Google Scholar
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P.J., (1993). Extended C-14 data-base and revised Calib 3.0 C-14 age calibration program. Radiocarbon 35, 215230.Google Scholar
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P.J., Bard, E., Beck, J.W., Burr, G.S., Hughen, K.A., Kromer, B., McCormac, F.G., van der Plicht, J., Spurk, M., (1998). INTCAL98 radiocarbon age calibration, 24,000-0 cal B.P.. Radiocarbon 40, 10411083.Google Scholar
Verleyen, E., Hodgson, D.A., Sabbe, K., Vanhoutte, K., Vyverman, W., (2004a). Coastal oceanographic conditions in the Prydz Bay region (East Antarctica) during the Holocene recorded in an isolation basin. The Holocene 14, 246257.Google Scholar
Verleyen, E., Hodgson, D.A., Sabbe, K., Vyverman, W., (2004b). Marine and lacustrine high-resolution records of Late Quaternary deglaciation and climate history in the Larsemann Hills. Journal of Quaternary Science 19, 361375.Google Scholar
Weaver, A.J., Saenko, O.A., Clark, P.U., Mitrovica, J.X., (2003). Meltwater pulse 1A from Antarctica as a trigger of the Bølling-Allerød warm interval. Science 299, 17091713.Google Scholar
Williams, M.J.M., Grosfeld, K., Warner, R.C., Gerdes, R., Determann, J., (2001). Ocean circulation and ice-ocean interaction beneath the Amery Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research, C: Oceans 106, 2238322399.Google Scholar
Wright, H.E., (1967). A square drive piston sampler for lake sediments. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 37, 975976.Google Scholar
Zwartz, D., Bird, M., Stone, J., Lambeck, K., (1998). Holocene sea-level change and ice-sheet history in the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 155, 131145.Google Scholar